Scientistsin 18thcentury made several discoveries such as the steam engines and thesteam locomotives.Thepeople had a future in mind that the world needed great technology tobe used in both the construction and infrastructure development tomake great societies. The inventory of steam engines paved the wayfor the construction of railway lines that has been a great indicatorof civilization in the late 1700’s. There was a progressivedevelopment of powered vehicles that were no longer being driven byanimals. This is an indicator of how people expected changes intechnology to revolve in their future. Various developments havecontributed to the present cultures in the United States of America.Manyexperts created a number of visions contributing to the presentdevelopment of both the people’s culture and technologicalinnovations.
Thepolitical and social cultural aspects of human lives influenced thecultural changes that took place during the 18th century.Themost vivid change that was made during this time was the abolishmentof the slave trade. People felt that slave trade was an inhuman wayof treating the enslaved people. Thus, anti-slave movements startedby a large number of people to seek for the abolishment of theinhuman culture that caused oppression to the black people in theAmerican community. Slave trade abolishment paved the way into newtrading links that fostered cultural growth within differentcontinents and states in the late 1800’s.
Theculture that leaped to mind is the abolition of slavery which was aprogressive movement in both the Colonies that promoted civilizationand industrial development in the US and in Britain in the 1700`s.The education system has been reported to be introduced later with anobjective to increase people’s civilization after the abolishmentof the slave trade.
Differentdynamism has been recorded during the 18th century. Differentcolonies were established to correct the leadership that was ongoingin both the US andGreatBritain. For example, during the 1700s the British societyconstructed an overseas empire. Similarly, the colonies of NorthAmerican were destroyed following the War of Freedom that took placebetween 1776 and 1783.However,many nations got captured during the war increasing the tension inthe affected States as nationalists fought against their manipulationand oppression by powerful States.
Landownership became an integral part of the society as people`s wealthmeasured using the size and type of land being owned. Prime lands inthe 18th century belonged to the rich merchants and powerfulpoliticians who were highly respected for their wealth.Moreover,the size of land owned by the rich people influenced the Politicalpower. It means that only the rich people could be in power duringthis era. On the other hand, landowners who appeared slightly belowthe nobility class with the title of the aristocracy greatlyinfluenced the social diversity. There also existed another groupcalled yeomen linked to the gap between the poor and the rich. Overthe 18th century, these following classes vanished following theintroduction of other middle-class persons among them greatprofessional dealerswhoevolved out to be richer and increasing in population within theurban areas. Later in the 18th century, there was an increasedpopulation of craftsmen and laborers who worked for the rich dealersliving as subsistence or bare survival level.
Christianityinfluence on Americas visions
ProtestantChristians emerged as a group of people that wished to increasecivilization through the promotion of civic education and abolishmentof the slave trade. They formed missionary groups that preached thegospel of hope among the oppressed black Americans. Additionally,they provided them with better livelihoods such as alternativeshelter and clothing and basic education. This vision upheld by thesectarian Protestant Christians favored the enslaved Africans topromote equity for all humanity. Later in the 18th century, peoplewere free from slavery and enjoyed equal rights in the democraticstate. Both the elites and the Europeans acquired equal treatments inpreparation for better and equal opportunities for all in theAmerican society.
Transportsystems were highly improved over the 18th century. The working classand the middle-class groups played an important role in urging thegovernment officials to permit them in making their roads.Consequently, all the other travelers and transporters were requestedto pay tolls as a way of maintaining the roads to be fit and in goodcondition. Turnpikes that were developed before the 1700s becamesustainable and common in the 18th century.
Impactsof the different dynamics and cultural diversification in the17th-18thcentury
Transportingof goods and the Europeans became simpler through the construction oftunnels that saved their time. Tunnels have also been modified in thepresent technology. Over and underpass tunnels have been created thathelp to ease up commuter services by reducing traffic congestion inthe developed cities. The transition of bulky goods, unlike in theearly 18thcentury, became elevated by horses. In 1759, Duke of Bridgewater cameup with an idea to dig a great canal that would bring coal from hisestate to the nearby capital, Manchester. To accomplish this, hedeployed a Native American engineer called James Brindley to help himin achieving his goal. As a result, so many waterways were excavatedin the late 18th century until early 19th century increasing theindustrial revolution as transportation seemed to be much cheaper,convenient and reliable.
Nevertheless,transportation in the 18th century was risky due to the presence ofuncivilized and corrupt highwaymen. For example, Dick Turpin(1705-1739) was a great smuggler who made it difficult fortransporters ferrying tobacco and tobacco related products. It has,therefore, been duplicated in the modern society by analyzingbehaviour of the corrupt and unreliable traffic men that makedevelopment impossible.
AsBritain continued to be industrialized in the late 18th century,technology impacts were felt. Newcomer used steam engines to pumpwater for large scale use from mines and later invented powermachinery. The textile industry was among the first industries to bemechanized in 1771when Richard Arkwright opened a cotton-spinningmill that used a water mill technology. By the end of 1785, thesenew inventions within the cotton production boomed.
Also,iron production grew rapidly especially in 1784 following Henry Cortinvention of the various uses that are much better way of makingwrought the iron. Iron production increased the superiority ofnations as people used different tools to fight their enemies in timeof war.
Greatinventors in the history of America have played a big role in itsgrowth and development due to their technological innovations thathas seen the country prosper in terms of development. Differentdynamics such as the changes inculturalsystems, and political structures have contributed to bettertechnologies that have improved people’s better living standards.The history of the United States and the Great Britain are similarbecause of the colonialism structures that they adopted in the late17th Century.
Walton,G. M., & Rockoff, H. (2013). Historyof the American economy.Cengage Learning.