Ananalysis on Wetlands and Issues Pertaining to Preservation
An analysis on Wetlands and Issues Pertaining to Preservation 3
Information analysis 4
Critical Analysis 4
Issues about Preservation 5
Problem Solution 7
Ananalysis on Wetlands and Issues Pertaining to PreservationSummary
Wetlandpreservation is one of the highly debated issues today. This can beattributed to the decline of these natural resources, both inquantity and quality. Human activities play a significant role inthis deterioration. By definition, wetlands are those regions wherewater covers the surface of the soil. In some instances, the watercan also be present at the surface or near it throughout the year orseasonally. As such, wetlands support living organisms, includingaquatic and terrestrial species. In most cases, the presence of waterin the area for long periods creates sustainable conditions forgrowth of hydrophytes and ultimately, the creation of unique wetlandsoils.
Thewetlands have various features due to the difference in the region,weather, hydrology, water chemistry, topography, human activities andvegetation among many other factors. There are two types or classesof wetlands. These are coastal (tidal) and non-tidal wetlands. Tidalwetlands are commonly located along the Atlantic coast, the Pacific,Alaskan and Gulf shorelines. The fluctuating levels of salt waterbecause of the tidal differences merge to create an environment thatis unsuitable for most plants. However, mangroves and othersalt-loving vegetation which thrive well in these conditions. On theother hand, non-tidal wetlands are common along rivers and streams,especially in regions termed as floodplains. Physically, swamp landsare characterized by isolated depressions known as playas, basins andpotholes, encircled by dry land. They can be found in low-lying areaswhere the surface of the earth is intercepted by ground water orwhere the soil is heavily saturated via precipitation.
Marshesand Meadows are examples of inland wetlands and this support a broadrange of herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees. Due to the abundanceof resources within these wetlands, there is increasing demand forthem. Likewise, the need for more land and water pose the greatestrisk for the deterioration of these natural assets.
Aconsiderable number of wetlands are periodicespeciallythose situated in arid and semi-arid areas. The quantity of waterpresent over time plays a vital role in the determination of thefunctions of the wetland as well as the significance in theenvironment. Whether seasonal or not, wetlands provide a habitat foranimal and plant species that are adapted to the conditions. Asmentioned earlier, wetlands are composed of swamps, marshes, bogs,riverbanks, mangroves, flood plains and in some cases, rice fields.Wetlands are distributed all over the world except in Antarctica.Issues related to land use and reclamation are described by tensionbetween environmentalists and development oriented individuals.Therefore, the contention lies between the economic value of awetland and the relative naturally linked benefits. Harmonizing thesetwo variations is the key to establishing a platform that considersthe two viewpoints and upholds the most viable.
Thereis a growing concern explicitly raised by environmentalists,biologists, and champions of the well-being of the earth about therecognition of the importance of wetlands. These regions are soimportant to the extent that their preservation could lead to betterenvironmental outcomes and stability. As such, in addition to thesupporting of high numbers of flora and fauna species, wetlands areequipped with a variety of services related toecology.These services range from the supply of downstream bodies, entrapmentof floodwaters, refilling ground water sources, eliminating pollutionand creating a habitat for fish and other plants [ CITATION Off13 l 1033 ].Due to these functions,wetlandshave come to be recognized as the drivers of economies regardingagricultural practices, recreation, and fishing.
Variousorganizations have expressed the need to conserve and restoreexploited wetlands around the world. This is because developmentpressure has significantly increased over the years leading toover-exploitation of wetlands for fish fuel and water. In most partsof the world, the loss and deterioration of wetlands are taking placeat alarming rates. The worst part is that this pressure is likely toincrease in the future as the global demand for food, land, and waterintensify. Furthermore, the changes in climate further worsen thesituation [ CITATION Env16 l 1033 ].
Itis arguably shocking that despite the growing civilization, manystill view wetlands as marginal lands that are relativelyunproductive. What follows is the drainage and conversion into otheruses. This practice calls for public education and policy-makingconcerning the management of wetlands and advocating for theirpreservation. Widespread expansions across the globe in recent yearshas led to the loss of wetlands. As such, environmentalists broughtforward the debate on zoning and planning for land use. Out ofmanyissues, one underlying concern is the loss of endangered species.
Mostof these plants and animals thrive in wetlands or spend part of theirlife cycles in the regions. Municipal planning and strategicorganization seem to be responsible for the greater part ofconservation since the government usually seems to direct effortstowards protection of wetlands. This can be facilitated throughpolicies and regulations, for instance, the Clean Water Act of theUnited States, which gives tax incentives for donating wetlands toconservation organizations. Through collaborative efforts between thestate and private entities, the acquired wetlands increase the amountof land owned by public systems. Many regions, states, and countrieshave tried to regulate the activities being carried out in wetlands,but the matter has not been conclusively resolved. Lack of propermethods of approaching the issues, vested interest and lack ofknowledge by private land owners create a gap that needs to bebridged [ CITATION Lac14 l 1033 ].
Itis a shared understanding that problems can be easily solved if theyare recognized earlier and mitigated rather than when the damage isalready done. Conflicting issues have always been raised tocounter-argue the need of wetland preservation. In such forums,environmentalenthusiasts and wetland conservation agencies purport the need tohave greater and better wetland protection programs by increasingcollaboration and consistency between the federal government,non-governmental organizations and private entities can strengthenthe course of implementingpreservationmeasures.
However,another group seems to be against this proposition. This group iscomposed of large landowners, businesspeople, farmers and people whoown pieces of land. Their position on this issue is founded on thesentiments that the protection measures have gone far and beyond therequired. Also, they counter that wetlands with minimal values arebeing overprotected instead of being converted to more usefulresources. Moreover, there is an increasing critique on theallocation of overzealous finances and inflexibility in theprotection of wetlands [ CITATION Lac14 l 1033 ].Apparently, there is a disparity between two viewpoints. One supportsthe preservation of thewetlands at all cost, while the other prefers the protection based onrequisiteandvalue of the region
Issuesabout wetland preservation revolve around incongruent scientific andprogram development and implementation questions. The primary subjectmatter relies on the conflict between the government’s role and theinvolvement of private property in that effect. Scientists andresearchers have tried to define the wetlands, the rates and patternsof loss, and the consequences of such injuries.Programmaticissuesare related to the implementation of regulation programs gearedtowards protecting, restoration and mitigating wetland resources.
Furthermore,the association between agriculture and wetlands is yet to beestablished concerning treatment with similar programs andregulations in additions to issues to do with federal funding ofwetland programs [ CITATION Env13 l 1033 ].Private property concerns are quite pronounced due to the highnumbers of wetlands located on private lands. Some of the propertyowners believe that compensation is in order when the government andrelated institutions limit land use and thereby decreasing the value.
Thereis no single particular remedy to the issues surrounding wetlandpreservation and conservation. The key to better management,mitigation measures and restoration is based on the collaboration andimparting knowledge into the public and policy makers so that theycan make relevant decisions. Specifically, expansion of agriculturalland to include pastures, ranges and tree farms is paramount as itfacilitates the exemption of swamp buster fines whenwetlandsare rejuvenated through voluntary individual action. Convertedwetlands should also not be counted as abandoned as long as they areused for agricultural purposes. These wetlands can be allocatedprograms that are beneficial while granting exemptionssimultaneously. On top of that, the government and relevant bodiescan encourage mitigation practices, plans, and programs whileconsulting with the fish and wildlife services. This collaborationensures that the actions tabled relevant and will achieve theexpected outcomes.
Theareas that are protected must not be compromised through humanactivities as the protection efforts not only facilitate themaintenance of species but also play a part in the environmentalsustenance. To support the goal of no loss of wetlands, a host ofactivities need to be conducted based on the agendas of thegovernment, regulatory institutions, and other conservation programs[ CITATION Sul11 l 1033 ].Therefore, the only manipulation of wetlands isconfined to the restoration of ruined territories. It is important torealize that the utilization of wetlands for treatment of aprimarywater quality pollution source is not a suitable practice.
Wetlandpreservation mainly involves processes that can take place within andaround the wetlands. These activities can be natural or human withthe goal of protecting, rejuvenating and manipulating the ecosystem’svalue and function. The issues that have been mention pertain to theprotection of natural wetlands, activities within these naturalwetlands that are actively excused from policy and supervisoryrequirements, wetland construction and re-establishment as well asthe creation of wetlands for improving water quality. By realizingthe values of wetlands, meaningful goals can and will be developed torestore degraded regions. The objectives of preservation are notlimited to buffering the wetlands from continuous human activities.Instead, safeguarding the everglades incorporates the maintenance andsustenance of natural mechanisms in the environment. These processesare typically affected by human undertakings.Administrativemeasures directed towards this goal should put more stress on thelong-term provisions of historical functions, values, and sustenanceof natural wetlands.
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