Anxiety Disorders

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Anyonemay get the feeling of anxiousness and it is a normal sensation.People feel worried when they face work problems, prior to clinicaltests, or when they need to make an imperative decision. However, thecases may be extreme for certain individuals and this is whatcontributes to . Even though the conditions aremany, they generally cause grief and interfere with one’s capacityto lead a normal and peaceful life. Usually, leadsto serious mental illnesses for those individuals who have fear thatthe situation that they are in may be disabling (Wells,2013).However, with evidence-based practice, almost everyone can manage thefeelings of and get back to an enjoyable life.


Historically,anxiety disorders were documented in the 1980s by the organization,American Psychiatric Association. Prior to this, people recognized ashaving associated symptoms received treatment for general stress andnervousness. This happened because there was no good understandingamongst the health professionals. Because of the unawareness, veryfew patients received effective treatment (Taylor,2014).Since the 1980s, studies have shown the disabilities related with thedisorders and they have equally led to the consciousness that most ofthe health issues can be prohibited through timely diagnosis as wellas effective treatment. The disabilities comprise agoraphobia,hopelessness, as well as drug and alcohol abuse. Of late, there havebeen more surveys on the frequency of . Moreover, aspeople become informed of the existence of the conditions, there ismore attention for the correct treatment (Baxter&amp Whiteford, 2013).As a result, are at present associated with fewerstigmas and more people can now report their cases to healthspecialists for treatment.


Thereare no exclusive causes for anxiety disorders. However, there arevarious risk factors that can lead one to develop conditions ofanxiety. First, the history of one’s family may influence anindividual’s susceptibility to anxiety. People who feel anxious mayhave hereditary vulnerability towards apprehension and the conditionsmay occasionally run in the family blood line. Nevertheless, having aparent with anxiety may not necessarily imply that one can inevitablydevelop the condition. Secondly, personality factors may alsocontribute to one’s predisposition to anxiety disorders. Studiessuggest that individuals with particular personality behaviors aremore susceptible to develop anxiety. For instance, kids who getharassed may sometimes have anxiety through their childhood, pubertyand as adults. Third, the condition can be initiated by currentstressful occasions such as work-related stress and changes in lifeschedules (Kheirbek&amp Hen, 2012).

Criteriafor Diagnosis

Tohelp in diagnosing the various anxiety disorders, a healthpractitioner may consider conducting a physical examination to assessthe signs that one’s anxiety may be related to a primary medicalcondition. If a medical disorder is suspected in this case, they willneed to order for urine or blood tests or even other similar trials.Sequentially, the doctor will have to ask for detailed inquiriesregarding the person’s medical history and symptoms. The finalstage will involves the use of psychological surveys to assistdetermine the most suitable treatment (Wells,2013).

Differenttypes of

Thereare numerous examples of anxiety disorders including. Persons withpanic disorder have moods of fear that comes to them abruptly andrecurrently with no signs of caution. Other indications of panicattacks include chest pain, sweating, tremors, and the feeling ofshock. Similarly, individuals with social anxiety disorders may havethe feeling of overwhelming anxiety and self-attention concerningdaily social scenarios. The fear mainly centers on the concern ofgetting judged by other people or acting in a manner that can triggerembarrassment and mockery. Also, there are specific phobias in whichintense suspicions regarding specific objects or situations mayoverwhelm an individual. Lastly, there are generalized anxietydisorders where a person feels excessive and impracticable worries aswell as pressure even if there is nothing to aggravate thenervousness (Baxter&amp Whiteford, 2013).


Anxietydisorders can have great impact on one’s physical and mentalroutine. The severity of their symptoms varies from one person toanother. While some people may experience just one symptom, othersmay have very many indicators. The psychological symptoms of Anxietydisorders can lead to changes in one’s performance or even the wayan individual thinks and feels about events. This may result insymptoms such as a feeling of dread, restlessness, perceiving oneselfas being hated, challenges in concentration, and irritability. Thesymptoms may make one to totally withdraw from common social contactsbecause of the feelings of dread and worry (Kheirbek&amp Hen, 2012).Equally, the physical symptoms of anxiety disorders includetiredness, irregular heartbeats, and muscle pains.


Preventionof various anxiety disorders encompasses an awareness of the commonlife stressors as well as one’s capacity to cope with the causes.This can be a challenging task when one’s schedule is hectic.However, because of the need for pace in life, it is important foreveryone to come up with coping strategies that can make it easy tomanage stress (Baldwinn&amp Malizia, 2014).These mechanisms include daily exercising, proper medication,nontoxic exercises such as deep breathing, mental imagining, enoughrest, healthy diets, and also interpersonal skills meant for dealingwith problematic people or situations.

Treatmentplans for short-term goals and long-term goals

Unconditionally,most instances of anxiety disorders can be treated by skilledpsychological health specialists. Research demonstrates thatcognitive-behavioral therapy is highly effective in managing anxietyconditions. Psychologists can apply CBT as a way of assisting peopleto recognize and gain the ability to manage the issues that lead toanxiety. When one is feeling apprehensive or stressed, he or she canconsider taking time-out to practice yoga, meditate, and listen tomusic. Together with psychotherapy, suitable medications can play acritical role in the treatment processes. In situations wheremedicines are used, patients’ care can be handled collaboratively.It is vital for every patient to understand that there may be sideeffects to most of the drugs. This implies that there needs to beclose monitoring by the providers who have participated in theprescription.

Tipsor suggestions on how to overcome the disorder

Themain way is behavioral therapy which involves applying techniques tominimize the behaviors related with the disorders. For instance, onemethod involves educating patients in exercising and deep breathingto counter the tension and prompt breathing that accompanies anxietydisorders. As a result of cognitive therapies, patients can learn howtheir views influence the signs of anxiety, and how to transform thepatterns of thought to moderate the possibility of incidence (Wells,2013). Thecognitive consciousness of a patient is integrated with behaviorsystems to enable the individual progressively oppose and standfearful circumstances in a measured, safe way.

Parentingskills to help the individuals

Itis always the mandate of a parent to care for the child. Thisinvolves a series of practices that ensures that the child is notaffected by instances that can cause anxiety. A parent needs to payattention so that the child can voice or convey his feelings. Also, aparent should always stay calm whenever a child becomes concernedregarding an event or a situation. During achievements, the parentshould be the first to acknowledge and praise the child regardless ofhow small the success is. More importantly, parents must always knowthe importance of controlled punishment (Taylor,2014). Itwill make them know when to use force and when to talk about theoffense.

Evidence-basedtherapies for

Thekey Evidence-based in this scenario is Cognitive-behavioral therapy.It normally integrates various interventions including worry exposurepsychoeducation, cognitive restructuring, applied relaxation,problem-solving, as well as relational psychiatric therapy. The mostcrucial mechanism is the exposure processes. The cognitive therapytrains patients to assess their restless thoughts accurately.Alternatives comprise cognitive restructuring and pure cognitivetherapy (Baldwinn&amp Malizia, 2014). Appliedrelaxation imparts the patients with coping skills that can allowthem to relax in order to counter and ultimately end the anxietyreaction.

Anxietydisorders are conditions characterized by constant, excessive,irrepressible and unrealistic worries concerning ordinary events.People meeting criteria for the disorders are mostly worried aboutthe same things that an average individual cares about, includingtheir health and safety matters, but they tend to spend prolongedtime distressed. For example, while a healthy individual may stayworried for an hour, it is normally 4 to 11 hours for persons withanxiety disorders.


Baldwin,D. S., &amp Malizia, A. (2014). Evidence-based pharmacologicaltreatment of anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder andobsessive-compulsive disorder: a revision of the 2005 guidelinesfrom the British Association for Psychopharmacology.&nbspJournalof Psychopharmacology,28(5),403-439.FNULibrary

Baxter,A. J., &amp Whiteford, H. A. (2013). Global prevalence of anxietydisorders: a systematic review and meta-regression.PsychologicalMedicine,&nbsp43(05),897-910.

Kheirbek,M. A., &amp Hen, R. (2012). Neurogenesis and generalization: a newapproach to stratify and treat anxiety disorders.&nbspNatureneuroscience,&nbsp15(12),1613-1620.

Taylor,S. (2014).&nbspAnxietysensitivity: Theory, research, and treatment of the fear of anxiety. Routledge.

Wells,A. (2013).&nbspCognitivetherapy of anxiety disorders: A practice manual and conceptual guide.FNULibrary


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