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Sincetime immemorial, the question of race has raised controversial issuesin the society. While most individuals portend that the aspect ofracism arises by chance, others completely disagree with the notion.Regarding various analysis, a question has been posed whether thepast and present analyses suggest whether the construction of race isarbitrary. The meaning of this question is to expound on theperception that the construction of race is random in that it doesnot arise intentionally .On the same relation, the meaning impliesthat the issue of race arises as a result of the social interactionsthat people engage in meaning that it is not deliberately brought inthe setting of the society.

However,it is paramount to deconstruct the meaning of the analysis thatcontends the issue of race to be arbitrary. Understandingly, this isbecause if the issue of racism is viewed to be arbitrary then itmeans individuals are ignorant in addressing the issue of racism.Markedly, the question is salient since it raises a debateconcerning on how people should view the aspect of racism. Despitethe fact that it might be argued to be arbitrary, it is evident toelucidate that this view may result in negative consequences.

Asit can be pointed from the reading, individuals in the United Stateswere treated depending on their social class, clothing, residence andtheir surnames. This, therefore, denotes that the society itself isto blame since the citizens of a particular country can tend to treatpeople based on their places of origin .Additionally, the race of aperson can be deducedfrom their surnames thus defining race to bearbitrary.

Insome instances, the light skin color of the Europeans was givenrecognition and admiration as compared to their black counterparts(Higginbotham, Andersen, 2011). Impliedly, this connotes that race isarbitrary sincethe skin color of a person denotes the race of theindividual. Notably, both the Americans and the Caribbean havecontinued to uphold the admiration and recognition that was triggeredby their long history of conquest and slavery (Smith, 2007).Owing tothis explanation, this past analysis posits that the aspect of raceis arbitrary. Reasonably, this is because the issue of race, in thiscase, was brought by the concepts of slavery and indigenous context(Smith, 2007).However, this poses a problem since during that timethe separation of the blacks played a pivotal role in rationalizingslavery.

Owingto the explanation explored on the Latino people, it is propoundedthat most of them view race as being cultural. According to theLatino, having multiple identities is common (Smith, 2007).Whileothers consider the mixture of races to be unfortunate, others assertthat it is a source of empowerment. This suggests that race is oneaspect of social identification However, this is problematic sincedividing of individuals as either black or white is challenging.

Notably,most non-Latinos are on the assertion that race is an aspect thatdoes not change on the basis of individuals or time (Higginbotham,Andersen, 2011). They also have a notion that race is as a result ofgenetic inheritance meaning that it is arbitrary. Interesting to noteis that, most Latinos in the US when asked about their race alwaysstate that they are either Indians, black or white (Shreffler, 2007).On the same note, others view themselves as Latinos or Hispanics(Smith, 2007).This, therefore, suggests that the identification ofrace according to the Latino is on the prevalent context. The idea ofrace as being a social construct is inherent in this scenario sincethe social factors are perceived to contribute to racism. Impliedly,race is arbitrary in this scenario.

Followingthe Latino experiences, it is paramount to elucidate that race can beconstructed in various ways. Noticeably, their racial constructiondepends on the prevalent context. They define their race depending onthe place they are. Important to note is that, their view of race isimmediate and that it is provisional (Smith, 2007).This, therefore,suggests that the issue of race is arbitrary. Present experiences ofthe scientists also suggest that race is socially constructed (Smith,2007). According to the scientists, race is hereditary and it cannotbe changed. In this case, the perception is that inherited aspectsare real and they cannot be altered denoting race to be arbitrary. Inaddition, they posit that race is a social construct (Higginbotham,Andersen, 2011). Tracing back to the invention of race, the term wasused in describing human groups. As such, it was viewed as a way ofdifferentiating the human groups. Impliedly, it can be deduced thatrace arbitrary since it was the only way in which individuals couldbe differentiated during those times (Smith, 2007).

Therecent horrible attacks in the US also give an explanation of thearbitrary nature of the race (Shreffler, 2007). One of the pastexperiences that are exquisitely noted is the attack on the PearlHarbor which resulted to the internment of the American Japanese(Smith, 2007). In this scenario, the president did not considergetting any evidence instead, they were put to detention just forthe name of democracy. Despite the fact that the situation that ledto the internment of the Japanese Americans is validated, still, theprominent question is that, was it fair to take such a large numberof people for internment just because of democracy (Smith, 2007).Inthis case, it can be pointed out that the state of things led to theaction thus connoting race as being arbitrary.

Followingthe above discussion, it can be concluded that race can be arbitrary.However, this nature has profound negative effects on the societysince it discriminates some individuals, especially on importantmatters. Being viewed as a cultural aspects presents race to arise bychance hence its source and causes are difficult to trace.Discriminating people on the basis of the colors may cause theindividuals feel devalued. Understandably, racism may cause people tobe blamed of committing serious crimes while they are not the onesbehind the occurrence of the crimes. This aspect can be illustratedon the Japanese internment in which the American Japanese wererounded and taken to internment camps (Smith, 2007).It can also bepointed out that racial inequality has been contributed by thehistoric patterns. Therefore the illusion that race is arbitraryshould be deconstructed as the measures for ending racism are to beconsidered.


Higginbotham,E. &amp Andersen, M. (2011). Race and Ethnicity In Society:TheChanging Landscape (pp. 27-330). Wadsworth: Cengage Learning.

Shreffler,K. (2007). Book Review: Race and Ethnicity in Society: The ChangingLandscape. Teaching Sociology, 35(1), 107-108.×0703500116

Smith,C. J. (2007). RACE AND ETHNICITY IN SOCIETY: THE CHANGING LAND-SCAPE. Journal Of Ethnic &amp Cultural Diversity In Social Work,16(1/2), 193-195. doi:10. 1300/J051v16n01̱07

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