BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION

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BEHAVIORALNUTRITION

BehavioralNutrition

Howsugar intake affect our behavior and how this relates to the glycemicindex in food

Thehuman brain makes much use of sugar as a carbo-craver. In fact, thebrain makes use of significant portions of the body’s carbohydratesupply. Even so, the human mind, which determines a person’sbehavior, only uses some selected types of sugar but with steadysupply from the body. From this perspective, it emerges thatfluctuations in the supply of sugar into the body result in changesin behavior patterns of a person. Additionally, a constant supply ofsome sugar types results in calm behavior while some result inenthusiastic behaviors. For instance, an enormous amount of sugarseasily results in Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD),which results in the behavior of much activity and excitement. Allthe same, a good number of studies indicate that researchers tend todiscount the stated effect of sugar on behavior, claiming that itdoes not influence people’s behavior.

Overall,sugar is highly responsible for the buildup of energy levels inpeople. It is also important to note, as indicated by Worobey et al.(2006), that most of the food (processed food) that people consumetoday is filled with much sugar. Unlike times of the past, people donot consume foods of natural or near natural sugars. The resultanteffect is a change in the rate with which the sugar enters into aperson’s brain or the Glycemic Index (GI). It emerges that foodswith a low GI or natural foods (fruits like oranges and apples) makesomeone to behave in a calm manner in comparison to those with highGI. Also, it is better for people to consume foods with high GI (likecandy, sweet treats, soda and juice) after partaking of the main mealsince it would imply a reduced rate of entry into the blood and hencethe brain. Nevertheless, the body has its own way of dealing withinstances of high GI. For instance, the pancreas in cases secretesinsulin where someone consumes food with high GI for purposes ofmaking the sugar come out of the blood and to enter into cells. Thisprocess consequently controls the behaviors that are associated withconsumption of sugar.

Effectivenessof artificial sweeteners in weight loss

Agood number of dieticians and practitioners in weightlossclinics promote the idea of consuming artificial sweeteners forpurposes of achieving weight loss. An in-depth analysis of thissubject matter reveals that substituting consumption of sugars withartificial sweeteners that have no or low calories goes a long way inreducing the total amount of calories that a person takes in. Assuch, it emerges that use of artificial sweeteners can be employed asa means of weight loss by people. From a general perspective,however, the effectiveness of such an approach is not so easy todetermine, at least from a realistic viewpoint.

Artificialsweeteners are but chemical components that are prepared in alaboratory setting. Despite the fact that they can aid in theachievement of weight loss, they lead to accumulation of chemicalsubstances in the bodies of individuals. They have the capability ofpolluting one`s blood over time, resulting in concerns about a rangeof health problems. In actuality, artificial sweeteners havepotential of making someone gain weight in the long-term. Anotherpoint worth mentioning is that the sweeteners tend to make peopleconsume a lot more, over and above what the body needs- a factor thatleads to weight gain in the end. Again, the sweetness involved oftenmakes the body operate in a manner of anticipating supply ofnutrients even though that will not be achieved. The resultant foodis that people are likely to have a craving of consuming more of theother foods available. What is more is that artificial sweetenersalso disrupt the ability of the body to determine the amount ofcalories that have so far been consumed.

Fromthe information above, one cannot decline to note that despite thefact that artificial sweeteners have no or little calories, theymight contribute to weight gain for people. This is not to say thatmanaged use of artificial sweeteners cannot lead to weight loss,because it can, as outlined above. Overall and looking at the realsituation on the ground, and all around the world, there exists alink between artificial sweeteners consumption and obesity. One istherefore left to wonder why the sweeteners are marked as tools forfacilitating weight loss when they, in fact, contribute towardsweight gain.

Critiquesof eating-related messages in the media

Message1:The Cosmopolitan published an article titled “The Truth about AsianWomen and Eating Disorders: They`re on the rise among Asian women,and here`s why,” on Feb 19, 2016. The article posits that eatingdisorders are no longer a challenge to white women only but havestarted being an issue for Asian women as well. In as much as thatmay be true, the information in the article seems to be somehowfarfetched. It appears that the author did not take the time toengage in in-depth research procedures before writing the article. Inreality, the Asians form a group of people who have kept on upholdingtheir culture in a manner that other races seem to have not. Indeed,the Asian culture involved partaking of high-quality natural foods incomparison to the western culture. As such, one would be right toimply that a thin white woman who is next to a thin Asian one isanorexic while the other is naturally thin. Indeed, this articleseems to be harmful to the Asian people, who have a high regard forhuman nature- the main reason for the differences in the looks ofpeople.

Message2:Sarah Catherall wrote an article titled “Thin shaming: The plightof slim women,” which was published in STUFF.CO.NZ on 20 March2016. In the article, the author indicates that “thin women aresubjected to everything from bad jokes to &quotconcern&quot overtheir health and scrutinization of their eating habits.” From thisperspective, it is at this moment noted that thin women often givethe impression of an attractive person more than weighty women do. Infact, a good number of female celebrities or stars have bodies thatone would readily associate with thinness. Therefore, it comes out asastonishing that Catherall thinks most people are rude to thin women,when in fact, most women of young age go to extremes in an effort ofachieving a lean physique. Unless she refers to medical conditions ofextreme thinness, shared understanding hardly observes naturalthinness as a bad thing. As such, this article has the potential ofcausing harm to many women around the world that are striving to bethin for the sake of their own self-esteem.

Message3:Ellie Zolfagharifard wrote the article “Why men find thinner womenattractive: Scientists say `evolutionary fitness` makes slimmerfemales more appealing.” It was published by the Dailymail on 27August 2015. In the article, Zolfagharifard is adamant that, from ageneral perspective, men prefer thinner women to weighty ones. Sheeven indicates that weighty women are thought to bear more risk ofdisease. Even though the article employs some scientific references,it does little to review the sociological factors of societies aroundthe world. In fact, and in some many parts of the world away from theWest, thin women are even more associated with risks of diseasecompared to weighty ones special consideration is given to diseasessuch as AIDS, especially in developing countries. Besides, the authordoes not describe the meaning of being attractive in the essay,though it is easy for one to assume she associates it with beingsexy. This article has the potential for some harmful effects insociety since it may implore men to focus more on the outside looksof a woman to be attracted to her. Indeed, the societies of todayhave little regard for qualities like character, morality, kindnessand true love.

Availableresources for people suffering from eating

Onlinesupport communities or networks: these web-based resources offergreat support for people with eating disorders. They are a platformon which they can meet medical or nutrition experts ask questionsand get feedback. They can also interact and share the experiencewith other affected persons via forums and one-on-one communication.They can also get meaningful information regarding cures, preventionand quality care for themselves. Undeniably, this form of resourceproves to be useful in enabling people to realize recovery fromeating disorders. Examples include www.nationaleatingdisorders.org,https://www.eatingdisorderhope.com/, www.learnpsychology.org/mental-health/eating-disorders/,and www.healthandwellness.vanderbilt.edu.

Anotherresource for people with eating disorders involves findingprofessional treatment at Eating Disorder Treatment Centers. At theseplaces, affected person receive services of professionals whospecialize in treatment forms of outpatient, inpatient, and evenresidential treatment. This resource has proved to be astraightforward and meaningful way of achieving a successful recoveryfrom eating disorders for many years.

Peoplewith eating disorders can also utilize the resource of self-helpmechanisms for recovery from eating disorders. These involve but arenot limited to spiritual fulfillment for healing, reading books orwatching videos on the subject matters, maintaining a recoveryjournal, form and be part of supportive groups, engage in nourishinghobbies among other things. Without any doubt, this resource standsto be effective in the recovery process of the health challenge

References

Brown,J. (2014). Nutrition now, (7th edition). Belmont, CA: WadsworthPublishing.

Catherall,S. (2016). Thinshaming: The plight of slim women.Retrieved online fromhttp://www.stuff.co.nz/life-style/78000400/thin-shaming-the-plight-of-slim-women

Cosmopolitan.com.(2016). TheTruth About Asian Women and Eating Disorders.Retrieved online fromhttp://www.cosmopolitan.com/health-fitness/a53979/the-truth-about-asian-women-and-eating-disorders/

Worobey,J., Tepper, B.J., &amp Kanarek, R. (2006). Nutrition &amp Behavior:A multidisciplinary approach. Cambridge, MA: CABI Publishing

Zolfagharifard,E. (2015). Whymen find thinner women attractive: Scientists say `evolutionaryfitness` makes slimmer females more appealing.Retrieved online fromhttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3213417/Why-men-thinner-women-attractive-Scientists-say-evolutionary-fitness-makes-slimmer-females-appealing.html

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