Benefits and Disadvantages of Energy Alternative

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Benefitsand Disadvantages of Energy Alternative

Energy alternatives refer to renewable energy sources that are deemedto be more efficient and effective as opposed to non-renewablesources. There are many types of energy alternatives including windpower, nuclear power, solar energy, geothermal energy, hydroelectricenergy, geothermal energy, ocean energy and hydrogen energy(Budischak et al., 2013). This paper narrows down to thebenefits and disadvantages of the commonly used energy alternativeswind power and nuclear power.

  1. Wind Power

  • Benefits

  • It is cost efficient

  • Facilitates environmental sustainability

  • Does not consume a lot of space land can be used for other compatible purposes such as farming

  • It is perceived as an interesting feature of landscape thereby beautifying the general outlook of a place

  • Suitable for remote areas that are not connected to electricity

  • They are available in various sizes and varieties making them available for various individuals and businesses (Budischak et al., 2013).

  • Disadvantages

  • Inconstant wind strength hence discontinuity in the flow of energy

  • Conservatives are greatly opposed to them as they feel that the country should be left untouched

  • They are noisy especially when the wind is blowing at high speed. Scientists provide the analogy that one wind power is capable of making the same level of noise as a family car travelling at a speed of 70 mph.

  • While some people find them interesting and as a touch of beauty to the environment, others find them unpleasant.

  • The manufacturing process of wind power is highly pollutant

  1. Nuclear Power

  • Benefits

  • It facilitates a reduction in the use of fossil fuels and, consequently, reduced greenhouse gas emissions.

  • It helps in saving the raw materials in a major way because less fuel is consumed in production of high levels of energy (Twidell &amp Weir, 2015)

  • Unlike wind power, nuclear power ensures continuity in energy production

  • It does not depend on natural aspects

  • It is an alternative to fossil fuels

  • Disadvantages

  • Managing nuclear waste has become a major challenge

  • The life of nuclear plants is limited the energy’s sustainability is, therefore, not guaranteed

  • Nuclear plants lead to external dependence in that many countries do not have uranium mines they have to import

  • Nuclear power is increasingly being used in the military industry, and it is a major objective for terrorist organizations


To sum up, none of these two sources can be said to be better thanthe other. Both sources, as outlined above, have benefits anddisadvantages. However, one method could be regarded as a betterpriority than the other in some situations and not others. Prevailingsituations are, therefore, a major consideration that should be madebefore settling for a specific energy alternative.


Budischak, C., Sewell, D., Thomson, H., Mach, L., Veron, D. E., &ampKempton, W. (2013). Cost-minimized combinations of wind power, solarpower and electrochemical storage, powering the grid up to 99.9% ofthe time. Journal of Power Sources, 225, 60-74.

Twidell, J., &amp Weir, T. (2015). Renewable energy resources.Routledge.

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