Guineais regarded as one of the poorest countries globally. The country hasa population of over ten million people with approximatelytwenty-four different ethnic categories (Camaraetal.,2015).However, three ethnic groups form almost ninety percent of thegeneral population. These include the Peuhls, Malinke, and Soussou.All the ethnic groups have their indigenous languages even thoughFrench is regarded as the official language. A bigger portion of thepopulation practice Islam with only a few being Christians.
Thecountry has vast mineral resources. However, despite such anabundance, Guinea has trailed back in its developmental agenda.Almost half of the population is living in abject poverty. The miningsector lacks the appropriate infrastructure suitable for economicdevelopment (Diallo,2015).The government has not committed the required resources towards thedevelopment of infrastructure, hence this responsibility has beenleft to private mining companies. The lack of integral vision hasaffected the development agendas that could benefit the population asa whole such as the construction of access roads to improve trade andtransport of agricultural produce. The funds allocated by thegovernment towards significant investments is drastically low asnoted in its budgetary allocations. The only way the government canensure the mining sector is beneficial to the entire population isthrough a public-private engagement. The government should carefullyplan and prioritize projects through offering a non-restrictivelegitimate and regulatory agenda. On the other hand, the privatesector should be willing to provide their expertise opinion ondifferent infrastructural projects. The country should also seeksupport from the global community by first improving issues onmanagement and public administration.
Apartfrom the unavailability of infrastructure, the service delivery inGuinea is of poor quality. Therefore, the cost of doing business inthe country is significantly high, especially for enterprises. Thiscan be explained further by the number of power outages in thecountry which ultimately leads to reduced revenues in companies.Obtaining services such as a telephone connection takes much longeras compared to neighboring countries (Diallo,2015).The remedy to this problem is the improvement of service delivery.This should be one of the core mandates of the government so as tofacilitate and attract potential investors to the country. The costof doing business in the country should be affordable.
Theelectricity supply in the country is insufficient to meet the demand.The demand is extremely high among the mining companies and is alsoexpected to rise in the coming years even though most of themgenerate their electricity (Diallo,2015).This is a challenge that the government could turn into anopportunity. The government should establish a power generationcompany focused on ensuring reliability and offering of electricityat affordable prices. Vast hydro-electric plants should be developedto satisfy this demand and also add additional megawatts to thenational grid. This infrastructure is also easier to establish due tothe availability due to the availability of water resources.
Thereis a major challenge in the health sector as the lacks theappropriate infrastructure for the delivery of quality health care.There are no systems to facilitate earlier diagnosis of diseases.Some of the disease with the highest mortality include malaria,tuberculosis, and AIDS (Camaraetal.,2015).Poor infrastructure and inadequate human resources have alsocontributed to the depletion of drug stocks. One of the remedies toimproving the health sector is increasing the national budgetallocated towards the area of health. The health workers should bemotivated through an incentive scheme that provides bonuses as arecognition for their efforts. Supplies should be delivered to healthfacilities in due time to avoid frustrating healthcare workers inadministering their duties. Salaries should also be paid on time.Finally, health workers should be provided with training programs onthe concept of effective management and skill development.
Guineais also experiencing various challenges in the palm oil sector.First, there’s an issue concerning access to quality palm trees andconservation of biodiversity. The naturally growing palm trees havebeen replaced by improved varieties hence interfering with thebiodiversity. Most of the agricultural land has been converted intopalm plantations. The pressure on agricultural land has also beencompounded by the ever growing mining sector. This challenge can bemanaged through initiating policies aimed at sensitizing thepopulation regarding the importance of not interfering with thebiodiversity even as they embrace the cultivation of improved palmoil varieties. The government should also develop the infrastructureneeded in the processing of palm oil (Lan,Chen and Lim, 2016).Strong policies will also ensure the mining sector does not encroachonto agricultural land to avert the possibility of hunger.
Illiteracyis also a significant challenge in Guinea. The country has one of thehighest illiteracy rates in the African continent. The literacy rateis approximated at about twenty-nine percent for the entirepopulation with females being the worst affected gender. This is amajor challenge to the country given that education plays a criticalrole when it comes to economic development (Hadj,Abboubi and Henda, 2016).The country lacks the much needed skilled workforce due to highilliteracy levels. The best practical solution to this challenge isto improve the expenditure on education. Currently, the expenditurestands at 2.4% of the gross domestic product which is too low.
Inconclusion, there is no doubt that, if all these challenges areaddressed, the country will be destined for a brighter future.Implementation of these strategies won’t be a straightforwardaffair. However, there is a need to be focused if the country needsto attain prosperity.
Camara,M. E., Camara, A. Y., & Camara, N. (2015). The healthcare systemin Africa: the case of guinea.
Diallo,T. A. (2015). Beyondthe resource curse: mineral resources and development inGuinea-Conakry(Massachusetts Institute of Technology).
Hadj,N., El Abboubi, M., & Henda, S. (2016). National context. TheWorld Guide to Sustainable Enterprise-Volume 1: Africa and MiddleEast,169.
Lan,X. M., Chen, O. B., & Lim, K. S. (2016). The InfrastructureDevelopment in the Republic of Guinea.