Challengesin the Enforcement of the Law
Challengesin the Enforcement of the Law
Lawenforcement is a critical process that involves the detection,apprehension, and punishment or rehabilitation of the offenders. Theeffectiveness of the process of law enforcement depends on theability of officers to structure plans that can help them respond tocrimes. The law enforcers face numerous barriers that limit theircapacity to respond to acts of terrorism and other categories ofcrime. This paper will address challenges that hinder the process oflaw enforcement.
Technologicaladvancement is among the key challenges that the enforcers of the lawface in the modern world. The ability of the police as well as otherlaw enforcers to structure effective crime response plans depends ontheir level of technology skills compared to those of the suspects.This challenge is common in the enforcement agencies that areexpected to respond to cybercrimes and terror attacks. According toU.S. Department of Justice (2014) there exist a significant number oftechnology gaps in the field of law enforcement. These gaps haveresulted from the fact that police training does not emphasize ontechnology. This weakness has resulted in a scenario in whichcriminals have more technological knowhow than the law enforcers.
Thelaw also creates some barriers that limit the capacity of theenforcers to structure effective response plans. These barriers areeither imposed by the constitution or the legislation. For example,the provisions of the Fourth Amendment document strict proceduresthat must be followed when searching and making a decision to arresta given suspect. For example, a reasonable suspicion many not besufficient for an officer to arrest someone. There must be a proof ofprobable cause for the court to conclude that the officer’sresponse to a crime was within the law (DOJ, 2014).
Theright to privacy is another challenge that has been imposed by thelaw. Individual citizens (including the criminals) are aware of thefact that the constitution guarantees the right of all citizens toenjoy privacy. This implies that the law enforcers are limited interms of the extent to which they can intrude into one’s personallife in the process of enforcing the law. For example, the FBIreported that there is about $ 80 billion that is suspected to havebeen acquired illegally, especially through cybercrime, but it isprotected by passwords (DOJ, 2014). However, this money has beenclassified as untouchable because the internet and phone serviceproviders cannot supply the FBI with the passwords in order avoidinfringing the privacy of the suspects. This limits the capacity ofthe officers to respond to emerging categories of crime in time.
Thelack of adequate resources has also been cited as a major factorlimiting the process of law enforcement. According to Peltier (2016)the police units given the responsibility of protecting the airportsas well as other transport facilities are always underfunded. Thishas denied the police officers guarding these facilities the capacityto respond to incidents in a more effective way. Peltier (2016)identified that the police officers guarding the U.S. airports werenot equipped to respond to incidents of terror that are equivalent tothe one that occurred in Brussels in March 22, 2016. The lack ofresources leaves people at the checkpoints vulnerable to terrorattacks.
Inconclusion, there are many challenges that the law enforcers face inthe process of structuring plans to respond to different types ofcrime, including terrorist attacks. Most of these challenges arerelated to the rapid technological development, the lack ofresources, and legal barriers. Technology becomes a challenge in theprocess of law enforcement when police officers lack the expertisethat is possessed by criminals. The right to privacy is among the keybarriers imposed by the law. The lack of adequate resources limitsthe capacity of the law enforcers to respond to emerging securitythreats, such as terrorism.
Peltier,D. (2016). Police at U.S. airports lack resources to protecttravelers. Skift.Retrieved October 8, 2016, fromhttps://skift.com/2016/10/04/free-report-cross-device-tracking-hyperbole-vs-reality/
U.S.Department of Justice (2014). How the web presents new challenges forlaw enforcement agencies. U.S.DOJ.Retrieved October 8, 2016, fromhttp://cops.usdoj.gov/html/dispatch/01-2014/how_the_web_presents_new_challenges_for_law_enforcement_agencies.asp