ChinaNeeded Saving: Reflection on the Revolutions
Duringearly twentieth century, the nation of China had revered to itspopular traditional culture as well as warfare. For this reason, Ibelieve that the issue of industrialization did almost not exist dueto those facts. In addition, every part of China was fully dividedinto different spheres of influence meaning that most Western nationssuch as United States and Germany were trying to exert the controlover their territories. However, the Chinese population rejected andresented these imperialistic nations and that was expressed throughBoxer rebellion. The ordinary citizens resented these foreigners andalso their political administration for failing to deal with them. Byfocusing on political events and revolutions, the discussion willexplore reasons why I believe China needed saving in the earlytwentieth century.
Basedon the number of revolutions that took place at the time, Chinareally needed saving. A good example of such events is the NorthernExpedition. The Northern Expedition was carried out by the Sovietarms, adviser and propaganda corps that came before them. Thenationalists’ movement that existed then regarded the Britain asthe main imperialistic power as well as primary enemy after defeatingthe war lords. Responding to this situation, the Britain responded byacknowledging Jiujiang and Hankou and also prepared adequately forShanghai defense. However, the capturing of Shanghai by the laborunions led to the splitting apart of the nationalist and communists’alliance. The man who was responsible for this expedition was knownas Chiang Kai-Shek. He attacked and also suppressed these two groupsand went further to establish new government at Nanjing, expellingthe communists completely.
Ithink that their political quests failed to succeed due to the factthat they had no prior experience of running political parties. Forthis reason, Western nations took advantage of their lack ofknowledge and encouraged them to sign the Treaty of Versailles. Itwas through this treaty that China’s plea to bring to an endforeign control as well as concessions was ignored. I believe thiswas one of the reasons that made China to be in a desperate situationthat needed saving. Moreover, this oppressive treaty was the maincause of creation of May Fourth Movement, where students participatedin demonstrations aimed at protesting this harsh treaty.
Itwas through this movement that student were able to promote importantissues such as science. In this case, as seen in Hsun’sDiary of a Madman (Hsun1),the Chinese were able to adopt easier and newer ways of writings. Onthe other hand, the movement played a crucial role of the developmentCommunist Party of China that ruled the country.It is important to mention that the warlords were a notorious groupthat conducted atrocities against the ordinary people in China. Inthis case, they committed heinous crimes such as mistreated and alsopersecuted by the warlords in public.
Forthis reason, the ordinary people needed much saving from the rulingclass. The predominant groups that mainly made up the ordinary peoplewere workers and peasants who were at the mercy of the warlords.Therefore they offered support and much praise to the soldiers whowere going to improve their lives. Before they could launch theirattacks, there was a great need of increasing their size.
Themain disadvantage of this purge however, was the fact that it offeredthe warlords and opportunity of recreating and rebuilding theirmilitary set up. They seized this moment to do so because they aimedat countering the already weakened Kuomitang. Theserevolutions also included public persecution, beating and humiliationof officials, teachers, cadres and intellectuals. Moreover, they ledto closure of many learning institutions such as the Universities.The political administration also banned theater performances andfilm, fearing the spread of revolution ideologies among the societyof China. The government went further and destroyed books that theythought did not comply with the government’s propaganda. These wereproblems that the societies of China had to endure and it hadnegative impact to their development agendas.
Themost notable areas that were affected by the government’sdirectives were literature, education, research and science. Allthese were stagnated and consequently affected negatively in thefollowing decades.Additionally, there was the Nanjin incident where Kuomitang tried tofight with the Western imperialistic powers that had become unpopularby many Chinese people. During this incident, attacked were launchedagainst their concessions. This means that there was war in mostChinese cities, meaning that economic, educational and other socialactivities were interrupted. The Chinese military forces stormed allforeign consulates of such nations such as Britain, The United Statesand Japan. During such attacks, all foreign properties belonging tothese countries were consequently looted by these soldiers. The mostsurprising action conducted by these armies, was the fact that theyassassinated some employees working in these consulates
Ithink the level of frustration experienced by the people of China wasone that needed desperate action. For instance, all academic andscience institutions were shut down by the government this isillustrated China literature scholars such as Lu Xun’s “Diary ofa madman” (Hsun 2). This also included universities and learninginstitutions that play critical roles in the general development ofany nation.
Havinga political system that controls the cultural life of the peoplegenerally means that such a political system is corrupt andoppressive. This is because an effective political system places theissues of its people at the heart of its functions. In addition, Ibelieve that every individual is entitled to personal liberties insuch areas as in religion. Such liberties extend to the rights ofassociation and being part of decision making process. This ideallymeans that a healthy nation is characterized by respect towardsdifferent ideologies both politically and culturally.
Thus,China needed saving especially in all important areas thatessentially brought about development. There was a great need forsaving the institutions of academic and science to secure the futureof China. In addition, the cultural life of china and its people wereextremely controlled. This means that they were denied the privilegeof enjoying their fundamental liberties. This included their beliefsand their traditions that were previously abolished by the politicaladministration. This means that the people were essentiallyfrustrated and unhappy in their lives. This is one main reason whyChina needed saving as well in other areas that were controlled.
Inconclusion, there was a need of developing attempts aimed atrecovering China as a society that had been severed. All theseattempts should also have economic impacts to the people of China.However, the Cultural Revolution and also the periods brought aboutby the communist party presents historical events that aresignificant in the process of preserving China’s history. Inaddition, they illustrate the struggles that China endured and hencedevelop a sense of identity that in turn fosters nationalism for itspeople.
Hsun,Lu. SelectedStories of Lu Hsun.Web, Accessed, October10, 2016<http://www.coldbacon.com/writing/luxun-calltoarms.html>