China’s Reluctance to Take the Obligation of a Superpower

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China’sReluctance to Take the Obligation of a Superpower

China’sReluctance to Take the Obligation of a Superpower

Theclassification of a country as a superpower is based on multiplefactors, including its influence on the global matters and itseconomic development. Economic progress is among the key factors thathave been used to support an argument that China should assume therole of a superpower and take the place of the United States. Forexample, China makes up 16.48 % of the total world’s purchasingpower compared to the U.S. that has about 16.28 % (Badkar, 2012).Although China has managed to establish the world’s largestmanufacturing sector, increase the population of middle class, andenhancing the buying power of its people, it has been reluctant toassume the role of the world’s superpower.

Thetendency of the Chinese government to prioritize industrial growthover environmental protection is the major socioeconomic challengethat has denied the country the moral authority to assume the role ofa superpower. According to Wyne (2014) China has been ranked as theleading country in terms of pollution for the last three and a halfdecades. It is estimated that about 20 % of the arable land has beenpolluted, half of the rivers are contaminated, and three-fifth of theground water is unsuitable for human consumption (Wyne, 2014).

Theindustrial development that is followed by environmental pollution isa significant socioeconomic challenge that will require a lot offunds to address. The growth in the number of environmentalists hasforced the Chinese government to invest more money in cleaning up theenvironment, developing renewable energy projects, and providingtreatment as well as water for the affected communities, instead offocusing on the global issues (Eleanor, 2016). For example, Chinaneeds to spend about $ 128 billion annually to clean up its rivers(Tsai, 2012).

Inconclusion, China has achieved economic growth that gives it thestatus of the superpower, but domestic socioeconomic challenges haveresulted in the reluctance of the country to assume such aresponsibility. China is under pressure to address domestic socialand economic issues, which reduce its ability to address the globalmatters in the capacity of a superpower.


Badkar,M. (2012). China’s economy faces 9 major challenges. Markets.Retrieved October 12, 2016, from

Eleanor,A. (2016, January 18). China’s environmental crisis. Councilfor Foreign Relations.Retrieved October 12, 2016, from

Tsai,V. (2012). China to spend $ 372 billion to reduce pollution,encourage energy efficiency. IBTMedia, Inc.Retrieved October 12, 2016, from

Wyne,A. (2014). Why China won’t eclipse the United States. TheDaily Beast LLC.Retrieved October 12, 2016, from

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