ClassicalOrder: Supreme Court building
Thebuilding for this discussion is the Supreme Court building inWashington, DC. It was built in Corinthian order of classical style. It was the last developed of the three classical orders. Itoriginated from Greece though borrowed the name from Corinth. It isthe most ornate order. It contains two rows of acanthus leaves aswell as four scrolls. It was the latest hence made most elegant ofthe three Greek orders. According to Visser(58), the orderwas developed first in 600 BC by Greeks. Visiting the building andleaning more about it brings out a number of features of theclassical order. The discussion will explore the Corinthian classicalorder as observed in the Supreme Court building in Washington DC.
Thestyle makes the Supreme Court building a magical structure thathouses the third arm of the government. At the bottom, there arestereo-bate and a stylo-bate, but above all, the columns stand on abase (Supreme Court 1). The base is decorated appropriately in theCorinthian order. The shaft standing on a base is a vertical cylinderarticulated with some vertical grooves. Therefore, it has flutes andfillets. They run some meters high where they join the upper partwith a capital arranged in Corinthian order.
Thecapital acts as an aesthetic transition from the shaft. The capitalalso determines most the order of the building (Visser58).In the structure of our discussion, the Supreme Court building, it isdecoratively made of Corinthian order. Apparently, it is the mostornate order. At the bottom of the capital, there is an astragal thatis closely followed by a leaf. The leaves chosen are in the patternare the acanthus leaves. Immediately above the rosette is a volutethat is covered with a boss (Highsmith1).The combination of the capital makes the order beautiful as well ascomplicated in combination. Due to the combination of the capital,the order is called composite.
Atthe Supreme Court building in Washington DC, the architrave isstrategically marked indicating the name of the building. It is alsodecorated with some moldings that are small and have differentpatterns and shape. The building has friezes and a dentil joining thecornice and the architrave and the cornice (Supreme Court 1). Theentablature is covered with a cornice and at the top most is theraking cornice. At the top most is a pediment that is beautifullydecorated with moldings.
Thearchitecture has accurately adhered to the Corinthian order withoutmixing it with any other order. Right from the base, there is anarticulation of process. However, the pediment is decorated in aunique way maybe to symbolize the purpose of the building. Thecourtroom friezes of the south are made of sculptures of thelawgivers from the ancient world (Supreme Court 1). Among the ancientlawgivers is Moses holding the Ten Commandments with the last six,considered secular, more visible. The friezes on the northern sidehave middle ages lawgivers. At the pediment, in the East is asculpture of Justice, the guardian of liberty by Harmon. In the westof the pediment is a portrait of Cass Gilbert among others.
Inconclusion, Supreme Court building in Washington DC is built in aCorinthian order that is articulately adhered. The order follows frombase to the shaft to the capital that distinctively classifies it asof Corinthian order. It also has a frieze and a pediment that aredecorated with sculptures of lawgivers of the ancient as well asmodern ages.
SupremeCourt, TheSupreme Court Building,Web, Accessed, October 15, 2016<https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/courtbuilding.aspx>
Visser,Thomas. Porchesof North America.New Hampshire: UPNE, 2012
Highsmith,Carol. UnitedStates Supreme Court,Web,Accessed, October 15, 2016<http://www.cassgilbertsociety.org/works/us-supreme-court>