COGNITIVE AND BEHAVIOR THEORIES 4
Cognitiveand Behavior Theories
Cognitiveand behavioral approaches are often utilized to generateinterventions to a suffering individual. The intercessions aim atchanging an individual’s manners and perception abilities as ameans towards improving his or her conditions. In our case, Aaron issuffering from anxiety originating from the fear that he would notattain his goals of becoming a renowned athlete. He has few friendswhom he can share or interact with during his free time. Thebehavioral theories aim at developing approaches geared towards theadoption of positive and social behaviors. Aaron needs to interactwith friends and engage in group training. It is notable that heperforms excellently in academics. Moreover, he has no psychologicalproblems arising from the family. Cognitive or behavioral theoriesaddress the aspects that have maintained the patient’s symptoms ofanxiety (Seligman & Ollendick, 2011). The approaches look intothe personal experiences and the social environment that influenceone’s current behaviors.
Behavioraltheories use proven scientific processes that are instrumental in theadoption of new human behaviors. It is, thus, measurable andobjective to assist in ascertaining the right interventions at thecorrect time. Another significant strength of the cognitiveapproaches is that it examines processes such as memory, attention,and the perception that influence positive outcomes. Aaron appears tohave severe generalized anxiety disorder. For patients with suchconditions, behavioral and cognitive theories are less efficaciouscompared to attention placebos (Hoffman et al., 2012). In the case ofAaron, the right approach is to advise him to create a plan thatensures a balance between the goals and correct eating behaviors. Healso needs to take an approach that plays a strong emphasis towardsreducing the possibility of anxiety.
Despitethat cognitive behavioral therapy can help in the treatment ofAaron’s medical challenges, the approach depends on helping anindividual to understand his or her problems. Nonetheless, patientswith high anxiety levels suffer from irrational thinking attributedwith skewed reasoning. Consequently, the individuals may not even beaware that they have a given problem (Otte, 2011). For example,Aaron might not understand that he has an eating disorder as heassumes that he is maintaining a healthy body, for an athlete, byrefraining from eating foods that would make him overweight. Hetrains steadily, but fails to take enough calories and nutrients,which results in the weakening of bones.
Secondly,CBT relies on observing a patient in a controlled environment. Forinstance, the counselor would meet with Aaron and ask questions abouthis personal life in a regulated interview. The primary weakness ofthis treatment approach is that therapists will only acquireresponses of the issues that are closely linked to the stimuli, whichhe or she will subject the patient to. This means that some problemssuch as the relationship with his parents will not be addressed(Otte, 2011). Aaron’s behavioral issues could be resulting fromlack of parental attention and the desire to be successful like hisparents. As such, effective therapy would need to incorporate hisparents, but, unfortunately, the approach emphasizes on dealingdirectly with the sick person, which may not address Aaron’sproblem in full.
Hofmann,S. G., Asnaani, A., Vonk, I. J., Sawyer, A. T., & Fang, A.(2012). The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy: a review ofmeta-analyses. Cognitivetherapy and research, 36(5),427-440.
Otte,C. (2011). Cognitive behavioral therapy in anxiety disorders: Currentstate of the evidence. Dialoguesin Clinical Neuroscience,13(4),413–421.
Seligman,L. D., & Ollendick, T. H. (2011). Cognitive-behavioral therapyfor anxiety disorders in youth. Childand adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America, 20(2),217-238.