THE AMERICAN DREAM 4
ComparativeEssay about the American Dream
ComparativeEssay about the American Dream
ThomasJefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence statement that wasadopted by the SecondContinental Congressin 1776. It was aimed at addressing the unjust treatment ofinhabitants of Americans by their colonial power, the Great Britain.It acknowledged the equality of all men and the inalienable rightsendowed to humankind by the God, including life, the pursuit ofhappiness and liberty (Gerber, 2014). The avowal is the bedrock ofthe American Dream, which envisions that every citizen should haveequal opportunity and freedom to achieve prosperity and successthrough determination and hard work. Elected governments are,therefore, bestowed with the responsibility of securing equality andfreedom for all, including men, women, and people of color (Gerber,2014).
TheWomenSuffrage Movementwas very vocal against the gender biases of the American ideal, asarticulated in the declaration of independence. Male domination ofthe society held the view that women were to be excluded from theprinciples of equal rights and tenets of American democracy. Thedeclaration of the sentiments and resolutions at SenecaFalls,by Elizabeth Cady and Susan Anthony, made the world realize how menhad established an absolute tyranny over women. The women weredeclined their rights to vote and participate in elections ascitizens, thus, left without representation in the Congress. On hispart, Martin Luther King, in the ‘IHave a Dream’speech, which raised the same concerns about The Blacks. He observedthat the people of color were denied the rights of citizenship,including the voting freedom (Dunbar, 2013).
Thedeclaration at Seneca Falls also pointed out that man had taken allprofitable employment opportunities and where women were permitted towork, they were poorly remunerated. Women in the conference,therefore, were demanding for equal pay for identical work among menand women. Men also had alienated women from acquiring wealth inpursuit for their happiness as envisioned in the independencedeclaration. On his part, Luther observed that the black peoplelanguished in poverty in a society endowed with immense wealth andopportunities (Adjei, 2013).
Similarly,Cady and Susan protested against the women’s incapacity to acquireeducation since they were not allowed to go to school. The challenge,as a result, closed any opportunity to pursue liberty and happinessthrough enlightenment. King also echoed the same complaint when heobserved that the black children also had no chance to obtain theeducation, and, hence, robbed of their adulthood and dignity becauseschools and other public social facilities were only ‘for thewhites’ (Dunbar, 2013).
Throughthe declaration of the sentiments, women at the Seneca Falls gave anultimatum through a list of resolutions that they wanted to beaddressed as a matter of urgency. They called for the immediateadmission of the rights for all the citizens of the United States, aswell as declared to use all means within their power to achieve thisobjective. Martin Luther, in contrast, employed a reconciliation tonein asking his listeners to seek what was rightfully theirs in adignified and disciplined manner. He also urged them to respond tophysical force by foul force. Rather than give ultimatums, he onlyhoped that one day, the African Americans would achieve their libertyand freedoms (Adjei, 2013). The fight for women suffrage and theblacks’ liberation drew their motivation from Jefferson’sDeclaration of Independence. The different authors premised theirarguments on the affirmation of the key precept that all men areequal and endowed with inalienable rights by their creator.
Adjei,P. (2013). The Non-violent philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi and MartinLuther King Jr. in the 21st Century: Implications for the pursuit ofsocial justice in a global context. Journalof Global Citizenship & Equity Education, 3.
Dunbar,C. (2013). True feminism: Identifying the real threats to women.William& Mary Journal of Women and the Law, 20,5-21.
Gerber,S. (2014). Liberal originalism: The declaration of independence andconstitutional interpretation – symposium: History and meaning of theconstitution. ClevelandState Law Review 63,1-23.