DrugAddiction to Subscription Pain Killers
Painkillers are amongst the drugs that are highly abused and their misuseeventually, leads to addiction. The drugs usually mess with the waythe nervous system sends the nerve signals whenever pain isperceived. Besides, some of these drugs help in stimulating parts ofthe brain that produce pleasure, thus making individuals have asensation of being high. The types of drugs that are most addictiveare known as the opioids. These medicines react like the heroin whentaken. The standard classes of opioid painkiller drugs include thepropoxyphene, oxycodone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, and themeperidine (CDC 4).
Opioidsare the same as the opioid receptors that are found on the nervecells, and they interact with the nervous system and the brain torelease pleasurable effects that help in relieving pain. Oxycodone isusually the most dangerous and the highest addictive drug among theopioids since it is not very different from heroin (Hedberg 25). Along-term consumption of opioids usually leads to an addiction sincethe body becomes physically dependent on the chemicals that are foundin the drugs such that individuals will experience withdrawalsymptoms if they stop taking the painkillers abruptly (Hedberg 25).
Themain reason as to why the painkillers are taken is to manage mild tochronic pains in individuals. However, sometimes addiction maydevelop from a little prescription whose primary purpose was toreduce pain. This happens when tolerance of the drugs builds up inindividuals. As a result, the persons will start feeling that theymust take the drug to function normally thus creating dependency(NIDA 3). Besides, some people get addicted because the continuetaking the pain killers for the fear that pain might return. Thesewill finally develop into a psychological dependence on the drugs anda need for a persistent use of the painkillers. Furthermore, theaddiction can be brought about by trauma, anxiety or depression. Whenpeople are traumatized or depressed, they tend to take pain killerssince they assist in releasing pleasure feelings that help inreducing stress.
Signand Symptoms of Painkillers Addiction
Individualswho are addicted to painkillers will try as much as possible toensure that they always have the drugs (ASAM 1).They can use all themeans including deceitful behaviors to obtain additional quantitiesof the drugs. Also, some people will experience daily mood swings andunpredictable behavior changes such as agitation and hostility(Hendricks et al. 4). This happens when the brain suffers chemicalimbalances. Besides, some persons will continue to take the drugseven when the pain has subsided. Moreover, some people will withdrawfrom their friends, family, and social activities the moment theystart being dependent on the painkillers (Hendricks et al. 4). Ifthey were active in sports or music classes, after the addictionsthey might start failing to participate in the games. Alteration indaily habits such as failure to take regular baths can also be anindicator of an addiction to painkiller drugs.
Thefirst and the most important step in ensuring that addiction topainkillers has been treated before it yields bad consequences is tomake the addicts realize that they have a problem. When the addictsadmit the problem, they should look for a painkillers addictioncenter where they can get a professional interventionist to treatthem or put them on a rehab.
WorksCitedTopof FormTopof Form
AAAaaaaAmericanSociety of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). OpioidsAddiction 2016 Facts & Figures.Retrieved fromhttp://www.asam.org/docs/default-source/advocacy/opioid-addiction-disease-facts-figures.pdf
CDC.PolicyImpact: Prescription Painkiller Overdoses.Retrieved fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/pdf/policyimpact-prescriptionpainkillerod-a.pdf
HendricksLaVelle, Ford Kimberly, Houenou Treaver, Webb Tabitha, White Niah &Robinson Chester. The Use and Abuse of Prescription Drugs. NationalForum Journal of Counseling and Addiction, Vol. 3 (1), 2014. Print.Retrieved fromhttp://www.nationalforum.com/Electronic%20Journal%20Volumes/Hendricks,%20LaVelle%20The%20Use%20and%20Abuse%20of%20Prescription%20Drug%20NFJCA%20V3%20N1%202014.pdf
NationalInstitute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). PrescriptionDrugs: Abuse and Addiction.Retrieved fromhttps://www.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/rrprescription.pdf