East Asian Cultures

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EastAsian Cultures

Cultureis commonly defined as the way of life of a given community orsociety. Different communities have their rules and ways in whichthey follow and whoever goes against the rules and regulations facethe full wrath of the government. East Asian cultures have not beeneroded, and they remain deeply rooted since there are factors orevents and people in history that keep them alive up to date. In thisessay, various events or individuals who influence the high regardfor culture in China, Japan, and Korea will be broadly discussed andanalyzed.

China:The Qing Dynasty

Thedynasty (1644-1912) was also referred to as the Manchu dynasty, andit is well known all over the globe as the last imperial dynasty inChina. It was formed by Jurchen Aisin Gloro, who was bold and ruledhis empire by the use of a bureaucratic system of government (Garrett47). It is important to note that in those days, there were rebelswho did not like the way the empire was governed for instance theselling of other people’s wives but most of them were hunted andbrought to justice by General Ming who made alliances with otherGenerals of the Empire (Sommer 102). During the reign of QianlongEmperor (1735- 1796), the dynasty started falling in its prosperitysince population continued to grow while the taxes remained low.During the First Sino-Japanese War of 1895, the Self-StrengtheningMovement of the Qing dynasty was destroyed and various reforms made.

Japan:Matsuo Basho

MatsuoBasho was a well-known poet and writer who inspired many at thatparticular era and currently. A native of the Iga province, Basho wasborn in 1644, and his love for poems begun while he was still a youngboy. Researchers claim that he loved traveling and trying out newlife adventures and in most of his work, he narrated about his lifeexperiences and shared them with other members of the community(Matsuo and David 56). In addition to this, his art inspired many andmore poets came into existence. One of the most famous works done byBasho was The Narrow Road to Interior which he wrote in Ogaki after along trip. Basho is known to be one of the first poets in Japan, andmany scholars took to his line of work, and he is still studied ininstitutions.

Korea:Factionalism

Theintroduction of factions influenced Korea significantly. The factionsin this country were purely ideological and led to some extremeevents in the country’s history since they even got to a point whenthey started fighting together against westernization. Factionalismcould not have been avoided in Korea since their ways did not conformto the ways prescribed by Confucian masters (Kim, Youngmin andMichael 39). This conflict may have led to the identity crisis forthe Koreans that came in the later centuries with western influence.Factions had different beliefs and were bitter rivals, and thisweakened the nation making it helpless against invasions especiallyfrom Japan. It was more than Confucian who affected Korea since therewere battles for the right to adequately govern the country amongstthe factions. With these differences, factionalism contributed to whyKorea was and still is to some extent weak and greed infested.

Inconclusion, these countries are so much into their cultures that helpin maintaining peace, love, and understanding among their people.Also, the implementation of such cultures has improved the standardsof living of individuals such as the Basho of Japan who made manypoets and self-employed. The Qing dynasty, on the other hand, led tothe implementation of new reforms that turned out to improve China’seconomy.

Workcited

Kim,Youngmin, and Michael J. Pettid. Womenand Confucianism in Chosŏn Korea: New Perspectives.Albany: SUNY Press, 2011. Print.

Matsuo,Bashō, and David L. Barnhill. Bashō`sHaiku: Selected Poems by Matsuo Bashō.Albany: State University of New York Press, 2012. Print.

Garrett,Valery. ChineseDress: From the Qing Dynasty to the Present.New York: Tuttle Pub, 2012. Internet resource.

Sommer,Matthew H. Polyandryand Wife-Selling in Qing Dynasty China: Survival Strategies andJudicial Interventions., 2015. Print.

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