Ethicsin Corrections Paper
Ethicsin Corrections Paper
Ethicsare set of standards relating to the efficient discharge of dutiesand morals. Prisons as correction facilities are places full ofunethical people who made poor choices. The correction officers incharge have authority over the inmates to administer justice withinthe law by way of integrity. Ethical behavior is essential incorrection facilities as it serves as a basis for direction,policies, and protocols, all of which should be observed tofacilitate operation and management (Souryal, 2014). Code of Ethicalso embodies core values such as respect for human rights,discipline, responsibility, vigilance, and truthfulness. Should thisbe violated, the individual needs to be disciplined accordingly.
Prisonprivatization versus traditional government-run facilities
Privateprisons emerged due to the expansion of the law enforcement powersenacting new crime acts and widening the severity of punishing foradditional acts. Traditionally, the state would request the citizensto support the cost of construction of a new prison via a bond issue.Prison overcrowding surpassed the construction budget forcing thelegislature and lawmakers to consider building the promised newprisons. The private investors with an aim to venture capital builtnew prisons leasing their facilities to the state for profit making.
Privatizationof prisons just like any profit-making business tends to maximizetheir profits at the expense of the inmates, staff, and the public.Private prisons employ poorly paid and trained staff or individualsfrom the public sector who are looking for a raise or stock optionsposing risks to the public (Price & Morris, 2012). Congressionalmembers who own stocks in private prisons or benefit from prisonprivatization act less accountable to the public.
Privatizationhas been regarded as a way of saving tax but in reality, it is morecostly to the public. Tax money tends to be used effectively in thepublic sector through social service and other areas of concern formost citizens. Therefore, the government agencies should not transferlarge capital to the private sector that fundamentally functions forprofit making. Therefore, I am of the thought that prisons should notbe privatized.
Ethicson prisons focusing on profit
Accountabilityneeds to be considered as the core feature in the prison systemthereby making it unethical for prisons to focus on profit. It hasbeen argued that a society can be judged by how it treats itscriminals and not citizens (Selman & Leighton, 2010). The wayprisons are run shows that the government is accountable on behalf ofthe Society for matters regarding criminal treatment and response.
Therise of private prisons has raised questions on accountability in theprison sector. Although several interests have been witnessed in theadministration of punishment throughout history, thestate-administered punishment was seen as a way to guarantee justice,equity, and humanity within the correction system. With the emergenceof private prisons providing different services, such as security,catering, employment training, medical care, juveniles, and illegalimmigrants, people in remand and court escorts services havecorrupted the law enforcement system and administration of justice.
Phasingout of corporate-run prisons by the Justice Department
JusticeDepartment should eliminate the corporate-run prisons because theyare known to be less efficient and insecure. A larger percentage ofprisoners housed in the corporate-run prisons are people detained byimmigration or non-citizens convicted of a crime and awaitingdeportation at the end of the sentence. Private prisons do not havethe same level of correctional services, facilities, and program asthe public ones. Since private prisons operate based on theircontracts, it is time for the government phase out these by decliningto renew the contracts.
Thepurpose of community corrections program is to change the behavior ofthe offender while allowing him/her limited opportunity to access thesurrounding. Through community corrections program, the offender isable to gain employment so that he/she can participate in the society(Latessa & Smith, 2011). The community benefits, as the offenderis held accountable for his offenses and enhance behavior changeprotecting the public. The community is involved in planning andmonitoring of the programs. As the population of offenders rises, theprogram increases the burden on taxpayers to support the cost ofincarceration that is relatively high. All programs for communityplacement have the same levels of supervision and treatment aspostulated by the state standards and thus none is superior.
Consequencesfor correctional officers violating ethical codes of conduct
Anycorrectional officer found to have violated the ethical codes ofconduct should be investigated and dismissed if found guilty. Thereare harsher punishments relating to violation of ethical codesincluding dismissal or forced resignation and court actions taken forcases involving criminal offenses.
Correctionalofficer’s arrest and incarceration
Ifa correctional officer/employee is arrested and incarcerated, he/sheshould be housed with other offenders like any other criminal with nofavors or discrimination unless directed by the state law. Alloffenses are charged under one law unless provided by state law to beheard in a military court.
Physicalpunishment as appropriate
Physicalpunishment is better than incarceration, even though it is dreadful.While prisons may rehabilitate or deter crimes, they only keepprisoners out of circulation. Incarceration keeps inmates in a badmoral environment. In most cases, a majority of detainees after beingreleased always end up back in the same prison. Physical punishmentis much effective because it inflicts pain. Intense pain makes theoffender desire to avoid undertaking the same mistake. Physicalpunishment provides the offender with an immediate opportunity tochange his/her behavior and become law abiding.
on death penalty
Thedeath penalty is inhuman because it treats the human being as objectsthat can be discarded anytime when need be. There is no evidenceshowing capital punishment as having the capacity to deter crimesequated to imprisonment. Death penalty denies the victims their humanrights or right to life (Hood & Deva, 2013). Furthermore, therisk of slaying an innocent individual cannot be eliminated. It canbe used as a political tool to eliminate political opposition.
Hood,R., & Deva, S. (2013). Confrontingcapital punishment in Asia: Human rights, politics and publicopinion.United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Latessa,E., & Smith, P. (2011). Correctionsin the community. New York: Elsevier.
Price,B., & Morris, J. (2012). Prisonprivatization: The many facets of a controversial industry, volume 3.Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO.
Selman,D., & Leighton, P. (2010). Punishmentfor sale: Private prisons, big business, and the incarceration binge.New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
Souryal,S. (2014).Ethicsin criminal justice: In search of the truth.New York: Routledge.