Extraordinary wealth vs. alarming poverty

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Extraordinarywealth vs. alarming poverty

Extraordinarywealth vs. alarming poverty

Evenwith the rapid development that is evident in most regions of theworld, a phenomenon associated with globalization, inequality, andpoverty related issues will continue to manifest (Muggah, 2012). InChina, for instance, the inequality levels between the poor and therich are the highest in the world (Wildau and Mitchell, 2016). Thestatistics presented in the article by Wildau and Mitchell (2016),reveal that 25% of the poor in China own about 1% of the country`swealth. The rich, on the other hand, who total about 1%, own about athird of the country`s wealth (Wildau and Mitchell, 2016). Despitethe income growth that is noted in China, unequal distribution ofresources is evident owing to the lack of attention that is offeredto the rural regions. Part of the aftermath of this occurrence is therising cases of health care access inequality between the urban andrural areas, given the differences in the economic status between thetwo groups.

Theresults of studies conducted by Wang et al., (2012), revealed thatthe poor in China were concentrated in the rural areas and when itcame to the access to health care facilities, because of theireconomic status, they tended to acquire self-treatment. The poorpopulation access outpatient care when, in fact, the care required isthe inpatient. The rich, on the other hand, given their economicstatus, can acquire inpatient care because of their financialcapabilities. The outcome of the above occurrence is that the poorcontinue to languish in disease because of the high cost of medicalcare as well as the inability of the poor state of the hospitals inthe rural areas to address their health needs.

Theincome levels determine the accessibility of health care servicesgiven the variations in the funding schemes. Premium health servicescatered for by insurance plans that are available to the wealthy,automatically excludes the poor who are concentrated in the ruralareas, a scenario that further widens the inequality gap.

Thealarming trend of inequality in the distribution of resources inChina, cuts across other sectors like education where expenditure(per capita) for the urban residents is higher compared to thatoffered to the rural area residents. The trend spans the globe withexamples that can be drawn from across the continents where access toservices like primary healthcare and education is tainted by unequaldistribution of resources, an instance that further widens the gapbetween the poor and the rich. An address to the inequality menace iscritical, and so governments should consider reducing the inequalitygaps.

References

Muggah,R. (2012). Researching the urban dilemma: urbanization, poverty, andviolence. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.

Wang,Y., Wang, J., Maitland, E., Zhao, Y., Nicholas, S., &amp Lu, M.(2012). Growing old before growing rich: inequality in health serviceutilization among the mid-aged and elderly in Gansu and ZhejiangProvinces, China. BMC health services research, 12(1), 1.

Wildau,G and Mitchell, T. (2016).China income inequality among world’sworst: Poorest quarter of households own just 1 percent of country`stotal wealthRetrieved October 14, 2016, fromhttps://www.ft.com/content/3c521faa-baa6-11e5-a7cc-280dfe875e28

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