FactorsInfluencing Criminal Justice Personnel Behavior
FactorsInfluencing Criminal Justice Personnel Behavior
Oneis not required to look far to see the importance of responsibilityand accountability in the criminal justice system. For a long time,debates on how criminal justice personnel is required or expected tohave been on the rise. Equally important, the same is expectedelevate. Fundamentally, this is growth increase is projected to groweven further as little effort is being made to fight the variousfactors that are limiting personnel to act responsibly andaccountably (Maxfield,M. G., & Babbie, E. R.,2014).Because of the importance criminal justice behavior has to thesociety, it is important to discuss their liability, accountability,and economic impact in concert with their discretionary authority.
Inthe present United States, criminal justice system has developed tobecome open to the society regarding policies, procedures,observation, interaction, and understanding among others. Forinstance, community policing has been established to createunderstanding between the law enforcement personnel with thecommunity. Fundamentally, the primary goal of such a program is tobridge the gap between the community and various criminal justiceagencies under the assumption that confidence will get created. Notto mention, the Community also gets an opportunity to develop a modelor policies that uniquely configures their character or beliefs(Levitt, S. D.,2016).
Inthe U.S., various factors influence the criminal justice personnel`sbehaviors, including, operational independence, economic reasons, andpoor policies, among others. Fundamentally, regardless of the levelof criminal justice, operational independence is critical. Forinstance, it is important for police officers to have a high degreeof independence from political influence and professionalism(Maxfieldet al.,2014).Also, police are required to act in conformity with the establishedpolicies and laws.
Ultimately,effective accountability in the criminal justice involves recognizingand punishing individuals who have conducted a crime and eventuallyensuring there is accountability after the act. Fundamentally,because the majority of these personnel act on directives basis,accountability involves direction responsibility, diligence andcontrol during and after the operations.
Roleof a Civilian Oversight Committee in Ensuring Authoritative Powers IsNot Abused
Criminaljustice is an issue that has been on the look since the currentcriminal justice system came to the establishment. While it isimperative to reflect on the various matters that limit theeffectiveness of the criminal justice, it is the responsibility ifthe civilians figure out how to move forward, learn from thesescenarios, and make positive changes in the Criminal justice system.Mostly, these responsibilities can get examined in various spheres,including policies, procedures, liabilities, economic factors, anddiscretion among others
Inmost cases, either greed or deep ties between the civilians and thepersonnel bring about the misuse of powers by the criminal justicepersonnel. In such a situation, it is important to establish aplatform that will bridge the gap between these two parties. It isthe role of a civilian oversight committee to identify and develop amechanism that will ensure that this gap is bridged. One of the mostefficient ways of bridging this gap is by formulating communitypolicing. In essence, community policing can be referred to as apolicy that is designed to inherit the proactive approach toaddressing the safety concerns of the public (Tasdoven.,2011).Community policing is one of the efficient ways of ensuring thatcriminal justice personnel does not abuse their authoritative powers. Apparently, this is because, the policy creates a partnershipbetween the criminal justice system and the community members,nonprofit organizations, private businesses, governmental agenciesand the media among others.
Inthe realm of criminal justice, the Procedures get evaluated accordingto the legitimacy of the system. Nevertheless, legitimacy may differdepending on its level. For instance, organizational level legitimacyis different from the individual level. In clarification,organizational justice emphasizes on equality within a workenvironment such as due administration processes. For instance, in acorrectional center environment, denial or organizational justice cankeep the victim in an unsafe facility of increase the workload. Although civilian oversight committees have little influence of thevarious procedures followed in the criminal justice, they ensure thatthe procedures followed are within the framework of law (Maxfieldet al.,2014).
Accordingto the United States Constitution, civil justice personnel is allowedto restrict an individual`s civil right. Nevertheless, this authoritymay challenge by filing a civil legal action that looks for variousremedies (University of Wisconsin-Platteville n.d). It is theresponsibility of the civilian oversight committee to ensure thecriminal justice personnel take full responsibility for theiractions, operations, and decisions and accepting liability ifrequired. Moreover, it is their duty to make sure that the decisionsmade are transparent and they are open to external scrutiny.
Criminaljustice is a multidimensional and complex with various factorsinfluencing the liability, accountability of their personnel. Forinstance, a state with different violent crimes is likely to arrestpeople for criminal activities such as prostitution, drug abuse amongothers. Regardless of all these theories, corruption is one of themost common forms of economic abuse exercised by criminal justicepersonnel (Levitt, 2016). Mostly, these fraudulent actions occur atalmost all levels of the chain of criminal justice. For instance, itoccurs in correctional centers, police stations, prosecutors` officesand the judiciary. It is the role of the civilian oversight committeeto create an environment that will ensure that criminal procedurespass through the right channel and justice is achieved.
Forthe year, there have been concerns about the level of discretion inthe criminal justice. The basis for these apprehensions has been thefear that civilians lives, liberty, and well-being depend ondiscriminatory, arbitrary, or corrupt decisions (Tasdoven, 2011). For instance, recently a line of discretionary claims was on therise. Its foundations were that discretion is being been beingexercised too often such that the ability of the criminal justice toprevent crimes is weakened (Victims of Crime, n.d). Accordingly, therole of civilians committee is critical in ensuring the criminaljustice personnel do not use their authoritative powers in adiscretionary manner. For instance, police discretion can beeliminated by filing complaints to police departments. Although mostpolice departments do not make such complaints public, criticismsplay a significant role in fighting discretion in the criminaljustice.
Asseen from the analysis, the main factors that influence the behaviorof criminal justice personnel are linked to the outer and the inneratmosphere of their environment. The whole internal structure of thecriminal justice system is what makes criminal justice personnelaccountable, liable and more importantly understanding to ensure thatthey follow the right procedures and policies. Irrespective of theseefforts, the individuality of every civilian can play a significantrole in turning around agency personnel to be more accountable andliable.
Levitt,S. D. (2016, October 14). Economics of the Crime and the CriminalJustice System. The National Bureau of Economic Research: Retrievedfrom http://www.nber.org/reporter/fall98/levitt_fall98.html
Tasdoven,H. (2011). Personal perceptions and the organizational factorsinfluencing police discretion: the case of Turkish patrol officers`responsiveness. Florida: University of Central Florida.
Universityof Wisconsin-Platteville. (n.d.). Civil liability in the criminaljustice agency. Retrieved 2016, from University ofWisconsin-Platteville:https://www.uwplatt.edu/distance-education/civil-liability-criminal-justice-agencies
Maxfield,M. G., & Babbie, E. R. (2014). Researchmethods for criminal justice and criminology.Nelson Education.