Youngchildren learn from everything in their environment. They connectsomething learned from one experience with another discovered fromanother setting. They then form a connection that gradually buildscontext and meaning. Active learning through play offers children theopportunity to do things that expose them to hands-on experiences.Whether they are creating imaginary situations or reconstructingreal-life situations, playing helps children in developing theirthinking, language, imaginative, speaking and writing skills. Theseare crucial in preparing them for effective communication andinteraction with peers.
However,the question of whether this kind of learning applies to the processof reading of writing arises. Educators have a divided opinion withsome holding that reading and writing come naturally for children,while others believe that it takes skilled and explicit instructionfor them to learn. This paper supports the opinion that Children needexplicit instructions in specific skills.
Childrendo not have a natural ability to read and write. Careful instructionsand planning that gradually exposes the child to active and regularinteractions with print must be used. This may be done by theteachers at school, or for the home schooled children, the parents orpersonal instructors have to work towards this. Despite the fact thatchildren watch, listen and interact with peers and adults in theirfirst years of life, they must be taught that specific types ofprints can represent meaning. At the onset, children will make useof symbols and cues that accompany the print so as to determine themeanings easily. This later develops to the principle of alphabetswhere they begin processing letters, translating them to sound andconnecting those with matching and familiar meanings.
Inconclusion, children need explicit instructions in specific skillssuch as reading. It may seem like children acquire literary knowledgemagically on their own though research has proven otherwise. Whetherinformal or playful, it takes careful and systematic adult guidanceand instruction for children to comprehend and internalize knowledgepresented through print materials