Human Impacts on the Sustainability of Groundwater

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HumanImpacts on the Sustainability of Groundwater

HumanImpacts on the Sustainability of Groundwater

Time period

Impact to forest

Groundwater levels

Saltwater intrusion


Industrial development



There were very many forests

There was a lot groundwater

There was no intrusion of salt water to the underground water

People had very few farms

Towns and urban centers were not yet developed

There were few people


The amount of forests started to decrease

The groundwater levels started to decrease

The amount of saltwater started reaching groundwater

People started having very large farms. Farming was the main reliance on production of food.

Development of towns and urban centers started

The population increased


The number of forests decreased more

The groundwater levels decreased more

A lot of intrusion of saltwater on groundwater

Farming decreased because people focused on industrialization

There were very many towns and industries

The population of people increased more


Throughlaboratory experiments and discussions, we can find out how therecent human developments have affected groundwater sustainability.We also find out whether the groundwater sustainability would also beaffected if the human developments were not there.

Humanbeings need groundwater to sustain themselves in their dailyactivities. Human activities such as urbanization and increase inpopulation will have a great impact on groundwater level (Srinivasan,2013). Groundwater is stored in soil pores and in rock cracks calledaquifers. 50% of people use groundwater for drinking because it isfresh.


Thecurrent human developments have brought about a decrease in thegroundwater levels. If human beings do learn how to protectgroundwater, for example, reduce chemical use, recycle and reusewater, plant enough forests and avoid pollution like oil spillage andland pollution like improper disposal of wastes, then the groundwaterlevels will continue to decrease because these pollutions willcontaminate it.

DataCollection Methods

Iused various data collection methods such as observation, labexperiments, questionnaires, journals, and research books. Thequestionnaires were given to people from different places to fill.Every region was represented by two individuals who answered thequestionnaires. They were read and analyzed and we came up with theoutcomes.

Resultsand Outcome

Throughthe collection methods, the results were as follows the humandevelopments activities have a major impact on the groundwaterlevels. As human beings develop, the groundwater levels continue todecrease. Industrialization, more agricultural developments, andincrease in population will result in decreased levels of thegroundwater.


Theresults obtained were as I expected because the decrease in groundwater is caused by human activities. Human beings should preserve thegroundwater levels by reusing and recycling water, avoiding land andsea pollution, as well as establishing forests. From the lab results,decrease in groundwater levels can lead to drought and famine.


Srinivasan,V., Seto, K. C., Emerson, R., &amp Gorelick, S. M. (2013). TheImpact of Urbanization On Water Vulnerability.Global Environmental Change.

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