ITManagement Relating to Healthcare
ITManagement Relating to Healthcare
InformationSystems Designed to Enable Strategic Outcomes
Information systems have been adopted to allow for the collection,storage, organization and communication of information to therelevant parties. Healthcare organizations deal with a huge chunk ofinformation ranging from both the patient and staff records(Sirintrapun & Artz, 2015). Because of the same, it isessential that they have an elaborate information system able tocollect, process and distribute data to the appropriate individualswithin the hospital. The information systems introduced in theorganization must be able to realize the strategies that have beenadopted. The manner in which this is achieved depends on thestrategies that have been laid down by the organization. However, thesystems can be designed in such a way that they are in line with theidentified strategies. Through the same, it would be possible for theinformation systems to collect only the relevant data for processingand use in the achievement of the particular strategic goals.
Standard used to share data among different Health InformationSystems
The American Health Information Management Association (2013)identifies the Public Health Data Standards Consortium (PHDCS)Functional Standards that serves as a reference list for thefunctions present in the electronic health record (EHR) system. Itcontains information touching on various aspects and allows for theidentification of functions that could be available in a particularhealthcare setting. For example, it could be providing informationregarding the intensive care services, cardiology, and the primarycare services available in a given setting. The standard is hosted bythe Public Health Data Standards Consortium. The standard became astandard in the year 2007 but has since then continued to witnessimprovements and updates.
Roleof Technology in Healthcare in Improving Quality of Care, Safety, andFinancial Management Decisions
Technology plays a fundamental role when it comes to the improvementof the quality of services provided to patients in healthcare systems(Szczerba & Huesch, 2012). Notably, it has been used in timelydiagnosis for various diseases enabling the introduction of timelyinterventions. For example, there is the use of magnetic resonanceimaging to view organs in the body and determine their functionality.Further, technology has been instrumental in ensuring that there issafety when it comes to health care provision. For example, healthcare practitioners have been able to use state of the art deviceswhen it comes to the delivery of care. Finally, advancements intechnology have seen increased accountability and transparencyleading to sound decision-making on issues related to financialmanagement. Notably, there is the aspect of the use of electronichealth records that contains patient information. The data containedin the system is instrumental in facilitating decision-making onfinancial matters.
Policies Associated with Health Care
The Affordable Care Act enacted on March 23, 2010, deals with theaspect of public and private health insurance (Rak & Coffin,2013). It provides for the provision of best healthcare services atan affordable price. The policy can be accommodated in the healthcareinformation system by having a list of services available forpatients and at what cost. The HIPPA Privacy Rule is the otherregulatory policy that protects the patient’s personal informationas regards to health. It can be accommodated in the healthinformation system such that the individual patient data issafeguarded and only accessed by the authorized personnel (Liginlal,Sim, Khansa, & Paul Fearn, 2012). The rule came into effect onDecember 28, 2000, but has since then been amended. Finally, thePublic Health Ethics has established the need for fair distributionof health benefits across populations. The content can beaccommodated in the health information systems by having a record ofavailable health benefits for the population.
Liginlal, D., Sim, I., Khansa, L., & Paul Fearn. (2012). HIPAAPrivacy Rule compliance: An interpretive study using Norman’saction theory. Computers and Security, 31(2), 206–220.http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cose.2011.12.002
Rak, S., & Coffin, J. (2013). Affordable Care Act. The Journalof Medical Practice Management: MPM, March/Apri, 317–319.Retrieved from http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/23767130
Sirintrapun, S. J., & Artz, D. R. (2015). Health InformationSystems. Surgical Pathology Clinics.http://doi.org/10.1016/j.path.2015.02.014
Szczerba, R., & Huesch, M. (2012). Why technology matters as muchas science in improving healthcare. BMC Medical Informatics andDecision Making, 12(1), 103.http://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6947-12-103