LawEnforcement Criminal Investigative Technology
LawEnforcement Criminal Investigative Technology
Lawenforcement has undergone tremendous transformations in recent years.Technological revolution has been the main catalyst for theadvancements in law enforcement procedures. One of these advancementsis the use of DNA profiling in the criminal justice system. Althoughnot yet fully utilized, DNA promises to provide a unique andefficient solution to global law enforcement (Krimsky& Simoncelli, 2013). Lack of admissible and credible evidence is one of the biggestchallenges in the criminal justice system. The complexity of variouscases, especially in capital offenses makes it extremely difficult toput together credible evidence. On the other hand, such cases elicithuge public interests, thus putting pressure on law enforcementagencies and the political class (Doleac,2016).
Theappropriate use of DNA technology can provide crucial missing linksin violent property crime, murders, homicides and cases involvingmissing persons. Having a DNA database can help law enforcementofficers to exonerate innocent persons and prosecute the guilty. Theadvancements in forensic science have facilitated the properutilization of DNA technology without impeding individual rights(Krimsky& Simoncelli, 2013).Despite the numerous oppositions regarding human rights abuses, DNAtechnology has helped solve hundreds of cases, which may never havebeen solved without the contribution of DNA technology (Krimsky& Simoncelli, 2013).
Lawenforcement officers can utilize DNA technology in combating capitaloffenses such as homicides, assaults, and sexual assaults. In many ofthese cases, the perpetrators are very careful not to leave behindany physical evidence linking them with the crimes. Therefore, itbecomes very difficult to identify suspects and build strong casesfor the achievement of justice. However, such criminals are usuallyin a hurry and many times they may live behind DNA trails. Forexample, victims of rape usually have DNA trails of theirperpetrators in the form of body fluids and hair (Joh,2013).In violent crime, confrontations with criminals may live them injuredhence leaving behind various DNA components. Therefore, DNAtechnology breaks the jigsaw in such cases (Joh,2013).Additionally, the technology can also be used in combating volumecrime such as vehicle theft and burglaries.
Thistechnology has an impressive ability in identifying missing personsas well as identifying human remains. Unidentified human remains canbe compared with the national DNA profiles to determine theidentities of these persons. Therefore, security officials can helpfamilies to identify their loved ones and close cases that could havetaken a lot of time to solve. Additionally, DNA technology can beused to combat human smuggling, drug trafficking, terrorism and otherforms of transnational crime (Doleac,2016).
Governmentscan include the DNA profiles of individuals marked as terrorists,drug traffickers, and smugglers. Therefore, it will be possible tomonitor their movement and link various forms of crime to specificperpetrators. With the increased level of radicalization all over theworld, this technology will help provide enough intelligence tocounter terrorist activities (Doleac,2016).Additionally, it provides a reliable platform for monitoring activeoffenders, especially those convicted of felonies. DNA databasescannot be interfered with. Every person has a unique DNA makeuptherefore, nobody can tamper with this form of evidence. This qualityboosts the admissibility of DNA evidence in court proceedings(Doleac,2016).
DNAprofiling is a revolutionary solution in law enforcement. However,there is a need for caution not to interfere with the right ofindividuals as the country attempts to build a national DNA profile(Doleac,2016).The details should be obtained from persons who are willing to givethe details for their safety. However, the government should put inplace adequate procedures to ensure that convicted criminals,terrorists, and drug smugglers are included in the DNA databasewithout infringing on their rights. Moreover, there should be astrict procedural definition regarding who is allowed to access theDNA profiles and under what circumstances. These procedures willprevent the abuse of DNA information which may infringe the privacyof individuals. The quality of the DNA profile should also beunquestionable (Krimsky& Simoncelli, 2013). The government should give directions regarding the procedures andcircumstances of uploading maximum and partial DNA profiles and thenumber of loci that constitute each. The inclusion of personalinformation should be done with caution to avoid victimizations (Joh,2013).
Doleac,J. L. (2016). The effects of DNA databases on crime. Availableat SSRN 2556948.
Joh,E. E. (2013). Maryland v. King: Policing and Genetic Privacy. OhioSt. J. Crim. L., 11,281.
Krimsky,S., & Simoncelli, T. (2013). Geneticjustice: DNA data banks, criminal investigations, and civilliberties.Columbia University Press.