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Famousthinkers like Aristotle and Plato concurred that logical thinking isnot inherent. It is learned through evaluations and practice. Acritical thinker is fast to notice the ignorance to facts andvulnerability to fallacies that illogical people exude. However, theelite group should be wary not to turn victims of the generalizationsthat they seek to eliminate when they consider themselves infallible.Loveis a Fallacyby Max Shulman is a prime example of how logic takes its place in thesociety. It is clear that reasoning is not a preserve for a fewbecause others can learn it too and challenge their pastvulnerabilities.

Thethree characters, Max, Polly, and Petey, have exhibited both logicaland spineless thinking. Max knows that every desire is driven byintent. He observes Petey’s need for a raccoon coat and concludesthat his friend can offer anything to have the garment.1He takes advantage of his vulnerability to settle for an informeddecision. When he gives the coat, and they strike a deal, he befallsthe victim of hasty generalization. He assumes that since it was anorm for people to honor their deals, Petey would not be anexemption. Although this is not fallacious, it sums up to what JohnStuart Mill referred to as “Intellectual error.”2The indifference to see Petey as independent from the others resultsin a breach of contract.

Theself-proclaimed thinker also becomes susceptible to the fallacy ofDicto Simplicter. He believes that all lawyers are smart people andthey require beautiful ladies after school. This spineless reasoningrelates to what Aristotle termed as ignorance of refutation.3This is whereby two premises are used to reach a poor conclusion.For example, Max thinks that lawyers are intelligent and they needintelligent wives. Therefore, he makes a conclusion of teaching Pollyhow to think, which was a misinformed conclusion because the outcomesif his proposal were initially unknown. In addition, he errs inthinking that beautiful girls would find him suitable for arelationship as he considered himself sharp and ambitious. He isangry when his unfounded theory, mainly based on the fallacy ofgeneralization, flops and he loses the girl he has molded.

Conversely,Petey exudes a success in deductive reasoning. He knows that Pollylikes men with raccoon coats. Therefore, if he would get one, Pollywould like her. Besides, Petey’s deductive reasoning enlightens himthat he would look like the “Big Men” if only he would get araccoon coat.

Pollyappears to be vulnerable to all fallacies mentioned by hisself-declared teacher, Max. This makes Max assume that she may not bein a position to make a divergent opinion from what he leads her tothink. During the five nights that the two went for dates, shetransforms and becomes a critical thinker. The Socratic Methodcommonly referred to as “maieutic” that triggers criticalthinking from a series of questions seems to have worked to heradvantage.4Her success in reasoning and detecting fallacies at their inceptionis demonstrated when Max expressed his intentions. She corrects hisfalse analogy, hasty generalization and hypothesis contrary to fact.She wants a man with a raccoon coat as opposed to a sharp mind.

Itis unfortunate that I have at times harbored Max-like tendencies.Overall, I am a bright student than most of my friends based on theresults of our recurrent performances. Most of the times, I havepresumed to be the best placed to lead in group discussions. Whilethis has worked, I have sometimes experienced frustrations when otherpoor performing group members expressed their preference for otherstudents to lead the groups. Shulman’s article has been aninstrumental eye opener on the numerous fallacies that I have beensusceptible to. The false analogy that I am good in class has led meto believe that I can also be a profound group leader. However,having read about the inadequacies that result from poor reasoning, Iam determined to make numerous considerations before making decisionsand taking sides both in academic and other social functions.


Bolton,Robert. &quotDialectic, Peirastic and Scientific Method inAristotle`s Sophistical Refutations.&quot LogicalAnalysis &amp History of Philosophy/Philosophiegeschichte undLogische Analyse15 (2013).

D`Amato,Anthony. &quotThe Socratic Method in Its Purest Form.&quot HarvardLaw Review128 (2015): 521.

Rosen,Frederick. &quotThe Philosophy of Error and Liberty of Thought: JSMill on Logical Fallacies.&quot In JohnStuart Mill,pp. 17-48. Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2013.

Shulman,Max. &quotLove is a Fallacy.&quot TheMany Loves of Dobie Gillis (Garden City, NY: Garden City Press, 1953)47 (2005).

1 Shulman, Max (Love is a Fallacy: The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis. Garden City: Garden City Press, 2005), 2.

2 Rosen, Frederick (The Philosophy of Error and Liberty of Thought: JS Mill on Logical Fallacies. United Kingdom: Palgrave, 2013), 18.

3 Bolton, Robert. &quotDialectic, Peirastic and Scientific Method in Aristotle`s Sophistical Refutations.&quot Logical Analysis &amp History of Philosophy/Philosophiegeschichte und Logische Analyse 15 (2013). 4.

4 D`Amato, Anthony. &quotThe Socratic Method in Its Purest Form.&quot Harvard Law Review 128 (2015): 521.

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