Braininjury can result from different factors, including a road accident.This paper will provide a discussion of the case study involving aJapanese girl, Maggie, who was involved in a road accident. Maggiesustained closed head injuries and multiple fractures after beingthrown about 20 feet from the rear of a motorcycle that was driven byher lover, Sam. The paper will focus on psychological, social, andbiological effects of the brain injury, helpful interventions fromthe perspective of a social worker, and the concept of privilege.
Effectsof the Injury
Theinjuries that Maggie sustained following the accident can be groupedinto biological, psychological, and social categories. The biologicaleffects of the accident are indicated by the loss of memory andcognitive abilities. These effects are signs of damage on the partsof the human brain that regulates cognitive functions and retentionof what someone has learned. These biological effects manifest indifferent ways, including the loss of math skills and being too slowwhen copying her name from one piece of paper to another.
Interms of social effects, the injury resulted in distress on thefamily members who knew that Maggie could no longer be able to finishcollege as expected. It was clear in their minds that she could notreturn to her normal life. In addition, Sam’s decision to leaveMaggie and marry another girl is a social issue that will have adirect effect on Maggie’s life. In addition, people who knew herprior to the accident believe that she is a different person, whichimplies that she might lose some of the friends that she socializedwith.
Theloss of her original personality is a psychological effect of theinjury. People who knew her before the occurrence of the roadaccident agree that she is a completely different person. A change inpersonality involves the adoption of a different set of behaviors,thinking patterns, and feelings. From the case study, it is statedthat a person who wishes to help Maggie needs to comprehend whathappened to her body as well as her behavior, which is a confirmationof the psychological effect of the injury on her conduct.
Fromthe perspective of a social worker, suitable interventions shouldaddress the needs of the family members and Maggie. Maggie should gothrough a rehabilitation program that will enhance her social,psychological, and cognitive functions that were lost following thebrain injury. The rehabilitation plan should be followed by atraining program that seeks to prepare and empower the familymembers. Members of the family are often distressed by theimpairment, behavior, disability, and personality change that followsthe brain injury (Reed Business Information, 2016). Therefore, thetraining program should prepare the family members psychologicallyand emotionally to live with Maggie after losing some of herfunctions. The training program should also equip the family memberswith the skills that can help them offer support to Maggie in orderto make her life easier.
Theconcept of privilege is applied when the community gives someadvantages and rights to a particular group or individuals on thebasis of their demographic as well as social characteristics(University of Southern California, 2016). Some of thecharacteristics that might affect Maggie include gender, disability,and ethnicity. Maggie is a Japanese American, which makes her amember of a minority ethnic group. She is also a woman, which mightlimit her ability to access some rights due to her gender. Mostimportantly, the accident made her a person with disability, whichmight make her a disadvantaged member of the society.
Braininjury reduces the cognitive, psychological, and social skills of thevictims. The interventions made by social workers can enhance thepotential of survivors. Effective interventions should target thepatient and their relatives.
ReedBusiness Information (2016). Why social work is so important forbrain injury survivors. ReedBusiness Information.Retrieved October 11, 2016, fromhttp://www.communitycare.co.uk/2013/01/29/why-social-work-is-so-important-for-brain-injury-survivors/
Universityof South California (2016). Race, power, and privilege. USC.Retrieved October 11, 2016, fromhttp://www.usc.edu.au/connect/work-at-usc/staff/cultural-diversity-and-inclusive-practice-toolkit/race-power-and-privilege