NarcissisticPersonality Disorder: Journal
Inthis week’s assessment, I have chosen to discuss Narcissisticpersonality disorder. This is a mental condition characterized by aninflated sense of self-importance, a deep urge for admiration andless empathy for other people. However, behind the mask ofultra-confidence, there is an insubstantial self-esteem which may bevulnerable when subjected to the slightest criticism. It bringsissues in several areas of life including places of work, schools,and relationships. People suffering from the disorder become unhappyand disappointed if denied some of the special favors as well asadmiration which they believe they deserve. In relationships, theseindividuals may find the union unfulfilling and may not enjoy beingaround their partners. Narcissistic disorder is complicated to handlebecause it requires an expertized talk and has no medication.
Peoplesuffering from this disorder may start behaving in an arrogantmanner. One may be envious of other people and believe that they tooenvy him or her. Potential patients may also take advantage of otherpeople to obtain the things they want. They also require constantadmiration and possess a sense of entitlement (Lammers et al., 2013).They also exaggerate their talents and achievements. Theseindividuals are always unwilling to recognize other people’sfeelings and needs. Most of the times, they find themselves beingpreoccupied with fantasies regarding success, power, beauty,brilliance or even perfect mate.
Ihave found out that there is no clear scientific reason as to whypeople start having this disorder. As compared to other mentaldisorders, the cause of narcissistic may rather be complex. However,the disorder is linked to mismatches in the child-parent associationwith either excessive criticism or pampering. Lammers et al. (2013),stating that some parents overemphasize on the specialness of theirchildren and criticizing failures. A young one may hide the lowself-esteem through the creation of a superficial sense of behaviorand perfection which would show an urge for constant admiration. Itis also linked to psychobiology or genetics, which is the connectionbetween the brain and the behavior.
Thepersonality disorder is rare during childhood stage. However, someteens may show traits of narcissistic, but it may simply be typicalof the age which does not imply that they would go on to develop thedisorder (Ronningstam & Weinberg, 2013). Males are also believedto be highly affected as compared to the females.
Aperson may find difficulties in maintaining a relationship and sufferfrom depression. Lammers et al. (2013) adds that the patient may alsofind problems in areas of work, school, and other social places. Theaffected person may indulge in drug and alcohol abuse. A person alsodevelops suicidal thoughts.
Ronningstamand Weinberg (2013) states that the condition is diagnosed based onthe signs and the symptoms. A thorough psychological procedure isfollowed where an individual is requested to fill a questionnaire.However, some assessments are done to rule out a physical course tothe problem.
Accordingto Ronningstam and Weinberg (2013), treatment is centered on talktherapy and the medical term for this is psychotherapy. It helps thepatients learn how to relate well with other people. It also helpsthese victims understand the reasons for their emotions and thethings driving them to compete with others or the reason as to whythey are despising themselves. This therapy may take several yearsdue to its complexity. There are no specific medications to addresssuch issues. However, if one has symptoms of anxiety and depression,antidepressants, and anti-anxiety drugs may be used to neutralize thecondition.
Iconclude that all persons should accept and maintain therelationships as well as collaboration with work-mates. People shouldalso release the desire for the unattainable goals and accept theiractual competence to tolerate criticism and failures which are a partof life. It is advisable for individuals to try and increase theirability to regulate their feelings. Additionally, one should alwaysmaintain an open mind and adapt some of the stress managementstrategies to avoid being a victim of narcissistic disorder. Peopleshould stay focused on their goals whatever the circumstances.Finally, involve in periodic guidance and counseling sessions from atherapist.
Lammers,C. H., Vater, A., & Roepke, S. (2013). Narcissistic personalitydisorder. DerNervenarzt,84(7),879-86.
Ronningstam,E., & Weinberg, I. (2013). Narcissistic personality disorder:Progress in recognition and treatment. Focus,11(2),167-177.