Neurological Disorders Case Report

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NeurologicalDisorders Case Report

NeurologicalDisorders Case Report

Thispatient presents a combination of sensory symptoms, motor symptoms,and disturbances in speech. These symptoms fit in a configurationthat resembles the initial symptoms of a Transient ischemic attack(TIA) (Umphredet al., 2013).These include loss of stability, slurred speech, unresponsiveness anddouble vision among others. The differential identification of TIAentails a range of both common and rare disorders. However,considering that the patient has high blood pressure andcardiovascular disease, some of the symptoms presented may beisolated. This is because the diagnosis of TIA is challenging giventhat it relies on a cautious assessment and understanding of thepatients’ history.

Therefore,the symptoms presented should be evaluated with special attentiongiven to the nature of each one of them. A physical examination oughtto be conducted, and it should focus on the neurology of the patient,carotid bruits and indications of a marginal vascular illness. Thepatient should also have an EKG, CBC, chest X-ray, and clottingstudies. Similarly, a head CT scan should be obtained.

Theabove diagnostic tests should give more information on the status ofthe patient, and the extent to which the TIA has taken root. The ECGshould indicate ventricular hypertrophy chest X-rays should indicateany abnormality in the chest area (Umphredet al., 2013).In the same way, the head scan should indicate an abnormality, sameas the neurological examination.

Ifthere is any abnormality in the above-named tests, such as a stenosisin an artery, the patient may be admitted to the clinic for improvedcare. This would entail regular checks such as blood pressure andcholesterol levels, or even carotid surgery. Medications may also beprescribed such as anticoagulant and anti-clotting tablets to preventblood clots in the heart (Umphredet al., 2013).The patient can also be advised to apply changes to his lifestyle bymanaging stress and paying close attention to diet. These measurescan help the patient regain control of his body to avoid TIA.

References

Umphred,D. A., Lazaro, R. T., Roller, M., &amp Burton, G. (Eds.).(2013).Neurologicalrehabilitation.Elsevier Health Sciences.

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