Oral Health

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Oralhealth refers to the practices that preventand controls oral diseases, injuries and or other medical conditionsto ensure the wellbeingof individual’s oral and cranial facial section (&quotOralHealth | Healthy People 2020&quot, 2016).Due to the emergenceof different lifestyles, environmental issues and dietary systems,oral health has become a community health issue. One of the oraldiseases that are a challengeto the communityis a periodontaldisease.


Periodontaldisease is an inflammation of the mouthparts affecting the soft,tough and hard parts of the dental system. The disease develops asgingivitis to a serious problem of red, inflated, swollen and painfulgums (Gomaa et al., 2016). The inflammation occurs as a naturalresponse to the bacterial attack.

BodyParts Periodontal Disease Affected.

Inthe mouth, periodontal disease affects the teeth, the gums and thenerves connecting the dental system to the brain. After leftuntreated, the disease progresses to affects organs such as theheart, stomach, pancreas, blood stream,and liver. Evidently, researchers have established a link betweendiabetes, heart disease and dementia.

Pathologyof the Disease

Periodontaldisease is caused by eating sugary food and poor oral health (Gomaaet al., 2016). Also, substance abuse, poor nutrition smoking alsoincreases the chances of the disease. Finally, hormonal changes infemales and genetic factors also influence the disease.

Etiologyof the disease

Thedeposited microbial plaque in the spaces between teeth and gum due toinflammation contains bacteria that increase thereby producing toxinsharmful to the gums. Also, this toxin stimulates further inflammationleading to increased bacterial activities (Gomaa et al., 2016).Consequently, these bacteria destroy the tissues and bones around theteeth and erode the hard enamels. Finally, bacteria escape throughthe bloodstreamto other body organs such as heart, liver,and stomach.


Accordingto Gomaa et al. (2016),Periodontaldisease occurs due to inflammation triggered by the bacteriainfection. These bacteria interactedwith sugars and starched from trapped food particles leading tobroken nerve cells, swollen gums, and corroded enamel.

Inbrief, oral health is important because it improves personalappearance and social interaction. Therefore, proper nutrition, oralhygiene, proper use of teeth and early medical consultation canimprove overall personal health.


Gomaa,N., Glogauer, M., Tenenbaum, H., Siddiqi, A., &amp Quiñonez, C.(2016). Social-BiologicalInteractions in Oral Disease: A ‘Cells to Society’ View.PLoSONE, 11(1), 1-19. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0146218

OralHealth | Healthy People 2020.(2016). Healthypeople.gov.Retrieved 12 October 2016, fromhttps://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/oral-health?topicid=32

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