Eversince organ donation was adopted as a regular clinical practice inthe United states, there have been shortages in the supply of thebody parts which has placed the patients at continued health riskswhich could be otherwise solved (Jahromi,Fry-Revere & Bastani, 2015).Some of the factors leading to this shortage include a reduction inthe number of donors due to some factors such as lack of motivationand an increase in the number of organ recipients. Many of thepotential organ donors are medically unsuitable or are not willing todonate their organs.
Oneway of solving the issue of organ shortage is by offering monetaryincentives to the prospect organ donors which would increase thenumber of people willing to donate their organs. Many people facingfinancial crisis would prefer to live with one set of their organssuch as the kidneys and get a solution to their financial issues(Jahromi,Fry-Revere & Bastani, 2015).It can also be referred to as a trade of organs for monetary gains.Living donors are people who donate their body parts, for instance,one of their kidneys and result to normal life while the deceaseddonors are those people who suffer significant damage, after anaccident for example total brain damage (Jahromi,Fry-Revere & Bastani, 2015).
Someof the costs of the donor shortage include loss of lives, moreexpenditure on therapy such as dialysis and increased desperationsamong the patients and their families. In a free society, theindividuals are independent decision makers when selling their organsto derive the associated financial or social benefits (Jahromi,Fry-Revere & Bastani, 2015).Controlled organ markets would offer a better-suited donationplatform than the regular process of living donations. An incentivesystem would require regulation and supervision for articulating thebenefits given to the donors and the vendors. Incentives wouldsuccessfully counter the psychological challenges experienced by theliving donors and the plight and desperation facing the patients(Jahromi,Fry-Revere & Bastani, 2015).
Jahromi,A. H., Fry-Revere, S., & Bastani, B. (2015). A Revised IranianModel of Organ Donation as an Answer to the Current Organ ShortageCrisis.Iranianjournal of kidney diseases, 9(5).