Preparingfor an Interrogation of a Criminal Homicide Suspect
Interrogationsare carried out by law enforcement officers to obtain informationthat will be used to develop details of a crime. Additionally,interrogations are conducted in efforts to seek confessions from thecriminal suspect. Thus, interrogation is a significant factor inminimizing crime and establishing whether the suspect is guilty ofthe crime (Inbau,Reid, Buckley & Jayne, 2011).The aim of this study is to discuss the preparation for interrogationof a Criminal Homicide Suspect.
Preparingfor Interrogation of a Criminal Homicide Suspect
Preparationis a significant factor in carrying out successful interrogation. Asuccessful interrogation involves confession by the suspect of beingguilty of the crime or taking part in the crime. Preparation of aninterrogation provides an investigator with a base for identifyingimportant factors about the homicide. Preparation allows theinvestigator to create persuasive themes and arguments, build a goodrelationship with the suspect develops a set of plans, and createenough time to carry out the interrogation (Cleary& Warner, 2016).
Preparationof an interrogation for a criminal homicide suspect include importantfactors such as determining the technique used to document theconfession, the setting and environmental considerations, familiaritywith the suspect’s background and having knowledge of the facts ofthe case. Investigators must ensure the setting and environmentalfactors are appropriate for conducting an investigation. This allowsinvestigators to have control of the topic of discussion and thephysical environment where the suspect will be interrogated from.Officers must ensure privacy of the environment and the settingshould be small and free from destructions to achieve a successfulinterrogation (Cleary& Warner, 2016).
Investigatorshould prepare for an interrogation by acquiring knowledge of thefacts of the homicide case. It enhances their understanding of howthe crime was committed and other information that could be importantin helping the officer to persuade the suspect into confession. Forinstance, if the investigator provides the suspect with informationon how the crime occurred, the suspect may be compelled to givereasons for their actions or participation in the crime (Cleary& Warner, 2016).
Theinvestigator prepares for an interrogation by familiarizingthemselves the background of the suspect. Obtaining adequatebackground information enhances achievement of a successful outcome.The investigator is able to determine the personal values, attitudesand feelings of the suspect that are important in establishingwhether the suspect is guilty or not. Most people tend to makeconfessions based on their emotions and defend their decisions withlogic. Therefore, having an adequate understanding of the needs,goals or conflicts of the suspect would allow the investigator to usethis information to persuade the suspect into confessing the truth(Cleary& Warner, 2016).
Investigatorsprepare for an interrogation by planning information of documentingthe confession before commencing with the interrogation. Confessionscan be documented through videotaping or sound recording. Therefore,the confessions can be used when interrogating the suspect and makethem to admit to the crime especially if they made incriminatingstatements (Cleary& Warner, 2016).
Interrogationsare important in acquiring information for establishing details of acrime and seeking confessions. A successful interrogation can beachieved through preparation. Preparation of an interrogation of acriminal homicide suspect include havingknowledge of the facts of the case, the setting and environmentalconsiderations, determining the technique used to document theconfession, and familiarity with the suspects background. Therefore,preparation is a crucial element in an interrogation of a criminalsuspect.
Questionsfor a suspect of a criminal homicide Suspect
Doyou know the victim?
Whatwas your relationship with the victim?
Wherewere you the night of the murder?
Whowere you with at the time of the incident?
Whatis the name of the person you were with?
Whendid you see or speak to the victim last?
Whatdid you talk about with the victim when you met?
Didyou notice anything unusual when you last saw or spoke to the victim?
Didyou get into a fight with the victim earlier?
Whywas your finger prints found on the victim’s body?
Cleary,H., & Warner, T. C. (2016). Police training in interviewing andinterrogation methods: A comparison of techniques used with adult andjuvenile suspects. Lawand human behavior,40(3),270.
Inbau,F. E., Reid, J. E., Buckley, J. P., & Jayne, B. C. (2011).Criminalinterrogation and confessions.Jones & Bartlett Publishers.