Readingconstruction is targeted at assisting the reader to comprehend andconstruct meaning from the text. Reading a statement involves twopersons, the reader, and the writer (Rosenshine, 2012). To understandany writing, the reader has to decode the writer’s words and thenuse his or her background knowledge to come up with an approximatesynthesis of the author’s message. Comprehending a text is not veryexact because different readers will attach different meanings to thewriter’s message.
Fora reader to fully understand the texts’ meanings, he or she mustcombine the information in the sentence with the meaning they attachto a phrase. Meanings reside in words hence the reason we have thedictionary. For instance, two people can hear the same word but endup picturing entirely different things. For example the word, high,used in a text. For us to get the meaning purported by the author, weneed to know the meanings of the word from which we will choose thebest definition aligned to the sentence.
Ifyou pick a word correctly, then you interpret it wrongly, then thereis going to occur a failure in knowledge and alteration of the textmeaning. For effective communication, there must be a clear-cutdefinition of terms. The choice of words to use can make aconversation more complicated or even clearer (Suleiman,& Crosman, 2014).The reading process involves aural, visual, and perceptualdimensions.
Althoughthe meaning is subjective, it is good to dwell on the universalagreement rather than the individual perception (Andres,2014).For instance, if I asked you to define a tree, you can choose to dofrom the opinion of a biologist, an ecologist, a woodsman, anordinary person, or as a child who knows that it is a large plantwith branches and leaves.
However,some words have evolved to have different meanings throughout theyears. It is, therefore, wise to analyze the context in which a wordis being used so as to give the best interpretation, for example,mouse.
Andres,M. (2014). ThreeReading Models.Slideshare.net.Retrieved 10 October 2016, fromhttp://www.slideshare.net/netnettenetten/three-reading-models?next_slideshow=2
Rosenshine,B. (2012). Principles of Instruction: Research-Based Strategies ThatAll Teachers Should Know. AmericanEducator, 36(1),12.
Suleiman,S. R., & Crosman, I. (Eds.). (2014). Thereader in the text: Essays on audience and interpretation.Princeton University Press.