Securityand Privacy in United States since September 2011
SinceSeptember 2011, the United States has made substantial changes inensuring that the Americans are secure from terrorism and that theirsafety is guaranteed whether in public places or their homes. Thefederal government has come up with a security agenda that has beendesigned to protect the citizens from attacks that may be directedfrom the neighboring countries as well as improving the capabilitiesof both the police and the armed forces to respond quickly toemergencies. Besides, the United States has tried to put the rightmeasures in place to enable the Americans to respond and recoverquickly from any disaster or threat whether as a state or anindividual. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) hascollaborated with various organizations, ministries, communities andthe private sectors to strengthen the security in the country andmitigate threats of attacks in the United States.
ChangesThat Have Taken Place In the United States Security and PrivacyIssues
Robustsharing of information related to terrorism has improved
Americahas been able to expand the way information is shared between thestate law enforcers and the citizens, in the United States.Information sharing is a critical step in ensuring that a country issecure from threats such as terrorism (Brown, 2013). As a way ofenhancing security, America has established some fusion centerseverywhere in the country that is used in receiving, gathering, aswell as sharing of information that may be related to threats ofterrorism (Information Resources Management Association, 2014).Moreover, the Americans are required to report immediately if thediscover or suspect an individual who might be having an ill motivelike bombing a place (Brown, 2013). The information can be sharedbetween the locals and the federal government and should be keptsecret and confidential so that the lives of the informers are notrisked. Also, the United States has created a system known as theNational Terrorism Advisory System that is responsible for deliveringcomprehensive and well-timed data about the possible terrorist plans.Furthermore, the system guides the public, law enforcers, the privatesector, and all the transportation hubs on the necessary measuresthat should be taken to reduce the losses that might result fromattacks (Gillham et al., 2013). As a result, people become informedand avoid the places that are likely to be targeted by theextremists. Also, police officers are advantaged when they haveinformation about an attack before the assault happens. The forceswill be prepared in advance on how to deal with the attackers, andthey will have higher chances of killing the terrorists (Gillham etal., 2013).
Also,there is a Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting Initiative thathas been created to train the state and local forces on how toquickly detect behaviors of criminals and indicators of terrorism(HAS conference, 2014). This has enabled the law enforcers to arrestterrorists quickly and kill them on the spot. Moreover, the lives ofthe security personnel have been saved because they are no longertargeted easily by the terrorists. Furthermore, the state hasinitiated the program to help the Americans familiarize themselveswith the major indicators of terrorism as well. The movement alsoemphasized on the significance of the alerting the law enforcers ofany suspicious activities around them. As a result, there has atremendous increase in public awareness on matters that are relatedto attacks and the citizens are now safer than before the activitywas launched. Therefore, the vigorous giving out of information thatis related to threats has helped in improving security in America(HAS Conference, 2014).
Establishmentof a Unified Incident Command System (ICS)
TheDepartment of Homeland Security has made outstanding efforts ingetting better and establishing an ICS that assists in dealing withvarious kinds of terrorization that range from the planned bombing tonatural disasters. The ICS is responsible for ensuring that there isa flexible mechanism that offers a joint and harmonized management ofincidences that happens in the private sector or the public. The ICSworks together with the National Incident Management System in makingsure that the survivors are well taken care of and their basic needssuch as food and clothing are met. In this regard, the ICS tries toreduce suffering among people who get affected by a disaster andguarantee that their lives have been restored back to the positionthat they were before a threat like flooding occurred.
TheDHS Has Prioritized Disaster Preparedness in the Private Sector
TheDHS has created programs such as the Voluntary Private SectorPreparedness Accreditation and Certification Program and deploymentof the modern technologies in ensuring that the industry is alwaysready to deal with disasters. The program helps the industries in theprivate sector to keep on assessing their resilience regardingdealing with emergencies. The actions by DHS have assisted the sectorto ensure that both the employees and employers are free from anattack and the working environment is safe. Also, the Department ofHomeland Security has tried to make sure that all organizations arein a position to respond quickly to an emergency in case of a hit orany threat. Furthermore, the DHS has ensured that new technologiessuch as blast resistant video cameras have been installed tosafeguard places such as sports venues, commercial facilities, andtransportation hubs that can be targeted easily by terrorists. Thecamera will help in identifying criminals who happen to be involvedin bombings or any other act. The fitting of such gadgets has helpedin beefing up security in the private sectors since gangsters fearbeing noticed.
ThereHas Been an Enhancement in Interoperable Relations at All Levels ofGovernment
Thecommunications have improved coordination to ensure that there is anemergency response in case there are catastrophic events or terrorismattacks. The fast and reliable coordination between the various armsof the government in the United States has helped the Americanadministration to reduce suffering among casualties in case of anAttack. Besides, the government is now better positioned to deal withthe criminals since information is conveyed quickly among the states’law enforcers. As a result, most attacks have been prevented as wellas deterring future attacks. Moreover, the coordination between theprivate sector, federal government and the state has been possiblebecause of the following accomplishments by the Department ofHomeland Security
Thedevelopment as well as the deployment of similar procedures, plans,and protocols has enhanced communications, command, and control amongthe departments that respond to emergencies (Jrensen, 2013). Theimplementation of rules with understandable languages has alsoassisted in ensuring that there is a smooth communication during adisaster. Moreover, the technical assistance strategies make certainthat all the states are in a position to receive any assistance thatthey may require in case of an emergency. Therefore, citizens in allthe states are better protected, and their security is guaranteedeven during an emergency. Also, the government of the United Statesthrough the Department of Homeland Securities has made a lot ofefforts in ensuring that there are enough human resources by trainingmore people who either become planners, first responders ortechnicians (Kar et al., 2013). The training has helped the countryto be responding to disasters promptly both within the states and inother nations. This ensures that there is enough skilled labor thatcan be used to assist victims of an attack or a natural disaster.Therefore, the security of the Americans has been boosted a lot, andthe trained respondents save more lives.
TheDHS has created a capacity to ensure that those people whosuccessfully apply for Visa to the United States have been vetted.This is mainly to ensure that individuals who get travel Visas toAmerica are not hooligans who come to threaten the security ofAmericans. The State Departments collaborates with the immigrationand customs departments to employ individuals who are highly trainedto systematically scrutinize visa applicants such that criminals orpeople with evil motives are arrested or get identified. As a result,the security and privacy of Americans have significantly improved,and the United States is now a safer place to stay. Besides, thesecurity in the United States has considerably improved because theDepartment of Homeland Security has partnered with the TerroristScreening Center and the various anti-terrorism centers in thecountry to analyze data that belongs to travelers critically. In theprocess, they have been able to identify criminals. The use of travelrelated information has helped in interdicting and targetingsuspicious cargo as well as suspected terrorists even before theyenter America.
Tosum up, the security and privacy of the United States haveconsiderably improved due to the measures that have been implementedto reduce as well as deter terrorism and other threats relatedissues. The Department of Homeland Security has made a tremendouseffort in ensuring that both personal and public security has beentaken care of. As a way of making sure that all people areresponsible for their security, the DHS has attempted to encourageindividuals to be sharing any information that could lead to anarrest of criminals or an interdiction of a terrorist act. Also, thestate has tried to reduce suffering among the Americans through aunified Incident Command System that responds to emergencies. The ICSis responsible for making certain that victims of disasters areprovided with essentials such as food and clothing. Moreover, thestate has created programs that enhance security in the privatesector. It is a requirement in the United States that all businessesand non-governmental organizations install their premises withdevices such as closed circuit television to scare away terrorist andhelp in identifying criminals. Therefore, the state of security andprivacy is far much better than it was in the year 2011.
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