Alangaden, G. J. (2011). Nosocomial fungal infections: epidemiology,infection control, and prevention. Infectious disease clinics ofNorth America, 25(1), 201-225.
The article revealsthat the nosocomial infections are a problem in the clinical setting.It also provides the statistical that proves how the infections haveled to patients incurring more costs. It also reveals how thehospitals have a higher morbidity rate because of the unhygienicconditions. It clearly supports my project and shows that there isthe need to reduce the nosocomial infections.
Barrera, L., Zingg, W., Mendez, F., & Pittet, D. (2011).Effectiveness of a hand hygiene promotion strategy usingalcohol-based handrub in 6 intensive care units in Colombia. Americanjournal of infection control, 39(8), 633-639.
The article revealsthat the use of the alcohol-based hand rub is much more efficient inensuring safety in intensive care units. Hence, the article providesstatistics to prove that hand washing will reduce the spread of thenosocomial infections. It also reveals how hand washing interventionwill reduce the rate of morbidity in the nursing setting. Clearly, itis supporting my arguments that show the alcohol-based solution willlessen the rate of infections in the oncology unit.
Bolon, M. (2011).Hand hygiene. Infectious disease clinics of North America,25(1), 21-43.
The article alsoinsists that hand hygiene will be crucial in reducing the infectionsthat are common in the hospital. It provides a few statistics on theclinics that support the argument presented. In fact, it suggests howthe strict compliance with the guidelines set will help in curbingthe high rate of morbidity. It shows that hand hygiene will reducethe infection just like my project suggests.
Boyce, J. M. (2011). Measuring healthcare worker hand hygieneactivity: current practices and emerging technologies. InfectionControl & Hospital Epidemiology, 32(10), 1016-1028.
Boyce looks at thehygiene activity in the entire hospital, and he tries to reveal howthey affect the patients. He reveals statistics and a number ofemerging technologies that might reduce the infections but, he alsosuggests cleanliness as the key aspect. The inclusion of the emergingtechnologies will clearly reduce the morbidity rate in the hospitals.Lastly, the fact that it promotes hand hygiene matches with theobjectives that my project wants to achieve.
Chen, Y. C., Sheng, W. H., Wang, J. T., Chang, S. C., Lin, H. C.,Tien, K. L., … & Tsai, K. S. (2011). Effectiveness andlimitations of hand hygiene promotion on decreasinghealthcare–associated infections. PLoS One, 6(11),e27163.
The articleassesses each technique used in promoting hand hygiene and it revealshow the alcohol-based solution is much more appropriate. The articleundertakes a research with data that proves how the infections affecta large number of people. It also reveals how some of the infectionsare resistant to medications and leads to death in the end. In thiscase, the article is clearly supporting my project that insists onthe use of the alcohol-based solution since it kills all thebacteria.
Huskins, W. C., Huckabee, C. M., O`Grady, N. P., Murray, P.,Kopetskie, H., Zimmer, L., … & Wallace, D. (2011). Interventionto reduce transmission of resistant bacteria in intensive care. NewEngland Journal of Medicine, 364(15), 1407-1418.
The article revealsthe presence of the resistant bacteria in intensive care that willcause multiple infections. It provides statistics that reveal howunhygienic conditions are harmful. It also highlights how the highmorbidity rate shows the need to reduce the nosocomial infections. Infact, some of the resistant bacteria might even ignore somemedications and it makes the work of the nurses more difficult and itshows the need for the immediate intervention that might include thealcohol-based solution just like my proposed change reveals.
King, D., Vlaev, I., Everett-Thomas, R., Fitzpatrick, M., Darzi, A.,& Birnbach, D. J. (2016). “Priming” hand hygiene compliancein clinical environments. Health Psychology, 35(1), 96.
The article talksabout the importance of hand hygiene compliance in the nursingenvironment. It reveals enough data to prove that the compliancereduces the spread of infections. The article also reveals how thehand hygiene ensures that the patients will recover within a shorttime. Evidently, it supports the outcome of my paper that suggeststhe hand hygiene intervention.
Koff, M. D., Corwin, H. L., Beach, M. L., Surgenor, S. D., &Loftus, R. W. (2011). Reduction in ventilator associated pneumonia ina mixed intensive care unit after initiation of a novel hand hygieneprogram. Journal of critical care, 26(5), 489-495.
It reveals how theinfections in an intensive care unit dealing with pneumonia patientsare really severe and more likely to have adverse consequences. Onthe other hand, it provides enough statistics to prove the handhygiene will help in reducing the infections. It also reveals how theinfections increase the rate of morbidity and undermines the healthof the patients. The change aligns with what my paper suggests.
Lake, E. T., Hallowell, S. G., Kutney-Lee, A., Hatfield, L. A., DelGuidice, M., Boxer, B. A., … & Aiken, L. H. (2016). Higherquality of care and patient safety associated with better NICU workenvironments. Journal of nursing care quality, 31(1),24-32.
The article insistson the patient safety and the quality of care that will reduce thelikelihood of the patients acquiring nosocomial infections. It listsa number of suggestions that will improve hygiene in the varioushospital units. More importantly, the paper shows that the handhygiene will reduce the mortality and morbidity rate in thehospitals. The suggestions match with the objectives of my projectand how it will help the nursing field.
Marwati, T., Subiyanto, A. A., Mardikanto, T., Priyambodo, P.,Wibowo, M., & Qomariyah, N. (2016). The Impact of Surgical SiteInfection to the Health Care Cost. International Journal of PublicHealth Science (IJPHS), 5(2), 129-133.
The article focuseson the surgical site infections and how the hospitals have to spendmore funds in dealing with complications that will result from suchcircumstances. It shows that the surgical site infection arises fromthe presence of bacteria in the care units. Hence, it suggests thatthe nurses should understand ways to prevent the infections, and themost common is hand hygiene and cleaning the gadgets used in thesurgery. Even if it focuses on the surgical site infection, it stillpromotes the hand hygiene in the care units.
Mathur, P. (2011). Hand hygiene: back to the basics of infectioncontrol. The Indian journal of medical research, 134(5),611.
The article largelyfocuses on the hand hygiene and how it helps in the infection controlthat has been a huge problem in the medical field. For instance, itoutlines some of the common ways used in the hand hygiene and thealcohol-based solution is one the most effective ones. In this case,the hygiene will be critical in ensuring that the patients do notcontract any nosocomial infections. The article also supports thatargument that my proposed change presents.
Pincock, T., Bernstein, P., Warthman, S., & Holst, E. (2012).Bundling hand hygiene interventions and measurement to decreasehealth care–associated infections. American journal of infectioncontrol, 40(4), S18-S27.
The article revealshow the hand hygiene intervention is an important way of looking atthe infections that the patients might contract after being admittedto the unit. In this case, the problem has been more severe and thearticle provides the statistics to reveal the situation in some ofthe hospitals. However, the presence of the hand hygiene interventionhelps in reducing the morbidity cases and minimizes the time thatthey stay in the hospital seeking medication. More importantly, itsupports the various measures that my paper reveals.
Rocha, L. A., Nunes, M. J., & Gontijo Filho, P. P. (2012). Lowcompliance to handwashing program and high nosocomial infection in abrazilian hospital. Interdisciplinary perspectives on infectiousdiseases, 2012.
Rocha et al. lookat the way the low compliance to hand washing has resulted in thespread of the nosocomial infections. It provides enough statistics toconnect the relationship between the low compliance and the high rateof nosocomial shows the need for prompt intervention to reduce themorbidity. Hence, some of approaches might include the hand washingtechnique that relies on the alcohol-based solution instead. All inall, the article supports the change that my project suggests.
Rosenthal, V. D., Bijie, H., Maki, D. G., Mehta, Y., Apisarnthanarak,A., Medeiros, E. A., … & Martínez, M. D. R. G. (2012).International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) report,data summary of 36 countries, for 2004-2009. American journal ofinfection control, 40(5), 396-407.
It looks at thecases of nosocomial infections in around 36 countries, especially thecauses and the rate of morbidity and mortality instead. The datahelps in looking at the way that the causes and it provides enoughstatistics to support my argument in the paper. More specifically,the hand hygiene seems more applicable in curbing the high rate ofthe infections in the nursing units. The argument in the journalarticle also supports the change that I want to implement through myproject.
Salama, M. F., Jamal, W. Y., Al Mousa, H., Al-AbdulGhani, K. A., &Rotimi, V. O. (2013). The effect of hand hygiene compliance onhospital-acquired infections in an ICU setting in a Kuwaiti teachinghospital. Journal of infection and public health, 6(1),27-34.
In this article,the authors reveal how the hospital-acquired infections are common inthe ICU setting. More importantly, they suggest multiple ways toreduce the high number infections and promote the hand hygienecompliance. Some of the patients in the ICU tend to have weakenedimmunity and that one reason for the increased mortality instead. Thepaper supports my project and shows how effective the alcohol-basedsolution will be quite helpful.
Yeung, W. K., Tam, W. S. W., & Wong, T. W. (2011). Clusteredrandomized controlled trial of a hand hygiene intervention involvingpocket-sized containers of alcohol-based hand rub for the control ofinfections in long-term care facilities. Infection Control &Hospital Epidemiology, 32(01), 67-76.
The article showshow the alcohol-based hand rub helps in promoting the hand hygiene.The argument answers the PICOT question through statistics and showsthat the soap and water technique is not effective as many peopleassume. In fact, it supports the alcohol-based hand rub and provesthat even WHO has endorsed the use of the solution in various nursingsettings. Clearly, it aligns with the outcomes that my proposedchange promotes.