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Asummary on questions about the world

Asocial structure defines the order in which institutions arearranged, where human beings in the society are at liberty tointeract and live cohesively together (Form and Wilterdink, 2015).Thestudy of social structures is imperative, and these studies arefacilitated by observation, epistemology, and methodology. The socialstructures of my society are known to operate in three ways thatinclude the macro, meso and micro perspectives (Crossman, 2016).These perspectives are either too broad or too specific, but thebottom-line is that they are of social importance. At the macrolevel, the social structures in my society constitute socialinstitutions as well as the relationships that are institutionalized.Here, large components like media, law, religion, family units andeducation are of importance.


Inthe macro level, social structures of my society facilitate thesocial relationships organization to others. In this respect, the lawinstitution of my society, for instance, is organized into roles likejudges, lawyers, magistrates, law interns and so on. The otherelement that is brought into the organization of social structures atthe macro level is a hierarchy in the established relationships. Thepresence of ranks perpetuates the place of differences in the shareof power accorded to the members of the social relationship in mysociety. It is critical to note that the very existence of the socialinstitutions, their organization, and operation, promotes othersocial elements like the stratification of the socio-economic sector(Encyclopedia, n.d). The ranking and ordering of people in my societyis a critical component of the class phenomenon, racism, sexism,prejudice and discrimination of other forms. In the US, particularlymy society, the social structure has seen the development of asociety that is full of ranking and ordering where a select few holdthe high positions of power and they, in fact, offer ultimate controlof it. These individuals are mostly of the male gender and are white.It is clear that a society that emerges from the conditions asmentioned above is one that is defined to be very racist, biased,prejudiced and sexist.

Theconditions that define the US and more or less my society as beingracist are similar to the times of Lorde as noted in her works &quotusesof anger&quot(1997). Similarly to her share of experience of beingprejudiced and discriminated against by gender, sexual orientation,and color sprang forth the perception of anger. Regarding hersociety, some features of prejudice during her time are alive in mysociety. Anger inspired her literary works, and it is clear that asociety that is intertwined with a web of undesirable traits weighs atoll to the individuals that are considered minorities regardingstatus, race, ethnicity and class, given the fact that their voicesare stripped from them, and they become unheard(Lorde,1997).

Movingon to the meso level of my society`s social structure, this definesthe gray area between the macro and micro social structures. Thesestructures promote the development of social networks which arefacilitated by the relationships that were mentioned earlier. Genderbias in my society, for instance, has promoted the development ofgender-based networks where inequality issues regarding gender arethe point of discussions. Social networks also represent therelations in the social perspectives, regarding differences in theareas of class, educational level, sexual orientation, wealth, andreligion.

Themicro-level of social structures gives insight on the customs andnorms and how people of my society interact with them in everydaylife when relating with each other. The social structures at thislevel identify the way relationships are institutionalized whenlooking at institutions like family, religion, and law for instance.I am aware that the micro level structure is critical in the ideas ofinstitutionalization which occurs when addressing the topics ofgender, sexual orientation, sexuality, ethnicity, and race. Thequeries that are covered in this topic include the expectation that Ihave on others, what is expected of me and how others can view me,plus the interaction of people amid their differences in theideologies that they uphold.

Inequalityand marginalization

Socialstructures attempt to explain some things, inequality being one ofthe topics. My social structure addresses inequality by looking atthe analysis of organization as well as the categories that areexistent in the society. Addressing inequality issues has thepotential of getting rid of the episodes from the past that I view tohave been unjust. My views coincide with those of Kawachi, Danielsand Robinson (2005), when looking at the topic of health inequalitiesand disparities in the US. The authors were of the opinion that theidentification of ways of addressing health disparities by havingimprovements in matters like Medicare access, medical treatmentimprovement, and insurance, could assure victory over the menace ofhealth inequalities that are race-based. I believe similarly toKawachi, Daniels and Robinson (2005) that inequalities are divisivein nature and so the battle against the vice ought to be a winningone.

Whenlooking at the area of marginalization, topics like education,experience, skill, occupation, employment, religion, language and ageare considered in my society. Marginalization is a process that Ibelieve groups or individuals tend to be completely ignored and areleft out when it comes to politics, economic resources, andnegotiations in the social perspectives. There is the tendency formarginalized groups in my society to have overlapping instances.Under this topic, it may be notable that a single group can be notedto be sidelined in politics, resource distribution and social statusall at the same time. The development of democracy and the need forhaving citizenship is aimed at emphasizing the rights of theselected. On the other hand, it is a common occurrence in my societythat those who lack democratic rights are sidelined, and their pushto be heard often go unanswered or tends to be marred by problems.

Theaftermath of the above occurrence is that the individuals that arecast to the outer core of my society tend to languish in poverty,poor wage, discrimination, misery and insecurity concerning theirlivelihood. What this means is that the chance of such sidelinedindividuals to experience upward progression becomes limited. Thisprocess of relegation promotes inequality given that participation ofsuch individuals is impaired let alone their access to power and theoutcome that emerges is the dependence and subordination of thesidelined group to the privileged segments of my society that aredeemed to be very dominant. A community that results from theinequality of power, economic resources, and social amenities, is onethat tends to be socially ignorant, uneducated, illiterate, dependentand unemployed.


Theabove mentioned societal structures are rationalized in my society inways that will be discussed in this section. Rationalization is atopic that was the center of interest of the works of Max Webber(Encyclopedia, n.d). This is a process that is concerned with how mysociety, in the modern perspectives, becomes concerned withefficiency, predictions, calculations, and dehumanization.Rationalization is characterized by the shift from the traditionalviews concerning emotions and thoughts where mysterious powers andforces plus superstition were the order of the day, to a value-drivensociety that embraces action and thoughts that are, in fact,rational.

Mysociety portrays four different kinds of rationality which arepractical, formal, theoretical and substantive. The practicalrationality identifies ways of achievement using means that arepractical. Theoretical rationality identifies ways of gaining anunderstanding of the world through the application of concepts.Formal rationality recognizes the use of quantification in finding anend to the means and finally, the substantive rationality makesidentification to the best alternative that can be taken by carryingout an analysis of values from a collective pool. In my society,three rationalization processes are rather dominant compared to one,which is the substantive rationality. This type of rationality givesa clue on the type of a person that is expected to live in a societythat mostly depicts the three dominant types. All the rationalitytypes are manifested in my society as well as in the civilizationprocess. In my society, once people identify a goal that istreasured, they go an extra mile of determining the ways of acquiringthe said goals. In so doing, profitable and faster ways are highlysought in my society, as opposed to the vice versa.

Socialbehaviors, values, or assumptions that hold social structures inplace

Iam of the opinion that human beings are social beings who must existwith the company of others. We organize ourselves into groupings thatare social in nature, and they may range from countries, occupation,societies, etc. It is in these groups that we trade, work, play,marry, interact and reproduce. We expect that socialization ischaracterized by social behavior and organizational changes whichoccur over time. I am aware that social patterns that are existentare variable across cultures, and from place to place. What iscreated in the aftermath is a society that is intertwined withfactors that are connoted with complexity and dynamisms. I know thatinsights on human social behavior are possible using thoughts fromthe fields of politics, culture, economy and psychology, using bothqualitative and quantitative standpoints. We acknowledge the place ofconsistency in the pattern of human behavior which is critical and isoften backed by scientific facts. Some of the patterns that areattributed to the social behavior may have been obvious as pointedout by scientific interpretations however, in some instances, theymay not be consistent with the views that we have concerning theworld. I believe that heredity and experience govern human behaviordrawn from culture. The topics of making a living, trading, socialstanding, behavioral expectations, foods, entertainment, andgovernments are determined by patterns of the culture as I havementioned earlier. I know that certain behaviors are praised in somecultures while they are shunned in others, for instance, aggressivecompetition in my society is acceptable but is ignored inconservative cultures. I believe that despite the differences incultures, certain behavior is considered to be unacceptable likeviolence, rape, and incest. Given the fact that the patterns presentin the culture determine the human social behavior, in a similarmanner, the behavior governs the social structure in my society.

Inthe case of a group that is dominant in my society, for instance, thevalues that are upheld in the group may be promoted given that theyare deemed to be correct. In this way, such values shape the socialstructure that is present in my geographical jurisdiction.

Weexpect assumptions to be present when looking at the socialstructures, for instance in the economic and political sectors. It isevident in many countries, similarly to my society, that politics isthe means through which authority is accorded to individuals. I amaware that governments determine the manner through which countriesare controlled. Multiple institutions in my society are affected bythe rules that are introduced by the governments. It is critical tonote that both the economic and political systems that are availablein countries are variable and I acknowledge that both systems areinterrelated. With that notion in mind, I can deduce that theeconomic status of a country is determined by one of the twodifferent theoretical systems where assumptions are paramount. Thecapitalist system in my society holds the premise that freecompetition promotes allocation of resources that are deemed to bescarce, facilitates productivity, as well as efficiency that is atlow cost. We know that the economic system that is considered to besocialist assumes that national planning of what is produceddetermines resource allocation and at what price. I know that theworld countries today do not take either of the extreme versions ofthe economic systems. The nations uphold some components of botheconomic systems however, given the changes in the economic sector,some countries may tend to incline on a particular system compared tothe other.

Apartfrom the economically centered assumptions, there is also the elementof stereotypes in my society. These stereotypes as I have referred toearlier, define the assumptions of what and how people are. This kindof assumption governs the social structures and the relationships inmy society.

Mylocation concerning the social structures is the world view of othersand the understanding that people in similar social categories, race,power, gender or even ethnicity have positions in the social systemwhich they occupy. Relationships, can, in fact, be established in thesaid social systems which result in the formation of a socialstructure. I know that these structures, as well as the positionstherein, have a role to play, where the role expectations for eachposition are existent as well. We ought to acknowledge that everyone,whether in a similar or different group, is fitted into a socialnetwork that incorporates family, colleagues, and friends, etc.Finally, it is also critical to understand that each social positionhas a status that is associated with it where it becomes evident thatsome positions are deemed to have a higher social standing comparedto others and vice versa.

on Questions about my world

Myunderstanding of how life is provides a clear indication of how Ifeel about myself and the position that I ought to occupy in theworld is critical. I believe that every being has a role to play anda position to fill and that the moment when everyone understands thatthey have a life purpose they can help in transforming the worldinto being a better place. I am aware that impressing myself oughtto take the top most position in my life as opposed to impressingothers. This is because, I understand quite well that real happinesscomes from within and so for me to please myself, I have to be proudand content with who I am. With that in mind, I believe that my placein the world is being part of a social organization where I play myroles for the sole purpose of pleasing, impressing and being contentwith myself.

Waysin which the aspects about myself influence my perspectives towardpeople different from me

Whilein the quest of being in touch with myself, I embrace positivity,wipe out any worries and take up new challenges where my talents anddistinct qualities can be brought out. In so doing, I gain happinesswhich I share with others whether similar or different to meregarding the social standpoint topic. I aspire to coexist cohesivelywith others knowing that differences exist in people and it is thesedifferences that promote diversity. I have to understand others andtheir needs for the promotion of cohesion in my day to dayinteractions. This is so despite the individual differences orsimilarities, as well as the views garnered over the years from themembers of my social system, in the areas of class, gender, race, andethnicity, or sexual orientation.

I am mindful of the fact that traits like listening and communicationskills are critical for the relationships that I engage in to thrivewhen dealing with people that are different from me. It is imperativeto note that my place in the world is to fill a gap in my socialrelationships, and in the hunt for filling the gap, work towardsestablishing lasting relationships between people whom I shareideologies with as well as those that are entirely different from me.That way, I limit any form of bias that may arise when dealing withothers especially those who hold different values from me.

Personalassumptions regarding social structures

Theassumption that I make regarding a social structures is that it issocially inclusive if it promotes participation which in turn,promotes empowerment for the society members. This is, in fact, nottrue in some instances given that development of civil societies ison the rise, and in some cases, societal participation can be thecause of social control and not empowerment per se. There is also theassumption that civil societies that are present and which claim tobe the voice of the excluded members of the society are legitimate.The harsh reality is that, these societies are not accountable tothose that they claim to speak for, given that their positions didnot come into being as a result of an electoral process, instead,they just popped up.

BothSocial inclusion and exclusion are dependent on the context in whichthey are being used in the social world. The matters surrounding thetopic of social inclusion are variable depending on either a countryor a particular region. Owing to the differences in culture,ethnicities, histories and so on, these factors have a role to playregarding social exclusion, when looking at the economic, social andpolitical standpoints (Silver, 2015). The location of groups ofpeople, in my opinion, determines their access to opportunities aswell as resources.

Ihold that, values that are present in social structure and mostimportantly, the element of social inclusion is crucial when it comesto promoting a fit between the members of the society. My society isbound to thrive with the embrace of social inclusion, and on thecontrary, it is likely to fragment when sections of the society areexcluded. The presence of divisions in the internal perspectives of asocial structure results in the promotion of the values of a chosenfew who are socially included. Collaboration with diversity, on theother hand, promotes peaceful cohesion, integration, andassimilation.

on Questions about the way I understand my world and the world€

Sociologydefines the people that are present in the societies and is shaped bythe norms, dogmas, and beliefs that are present. Therefore, myvalues, beliefs, attitudes, self-understanding and assumptions are areflection of the social systems. A quick recap is critical at thisjuncture when taking a flashback, years ago when I was a toddler.When I was born bias, misconception, stereotypes, deception,prejudice, and guilt were absent. The first years of my life as atoddler were characterized by wiring in into the features of thesocial world. As part of the “wiring,&quot an individual isbombarded with information from the educational system, economicsector, politics, social world, culture, religion and so on. Theinformation that is bombarded is in the form of teachings anddiscussions at home, school or even the church, from individuals whohave close relations and whose views are deemed to be believable andright, at least for the most part. At home, for instance, discussionsregarding the topics of class, gender, race, and ethnicity, as wellas sexual orientation were done openly, though in a conservativemanner. Histories concerning the above topics were passed on from anearly age, and as a result, my views concerning the issues presentedearlier began to be shaped at such a tender age basing on the opinionof my parents plus other important figures in my life. The resultantperson that was created as a result of the interaction with themembers of the society was an individual that was starting to see thedevelopment of prejudice, bias, and discriminatory activities. I wasforced to exist in a world where decision making was emphasized.Flash forward and given the years that have passed since my toddlerdays, I believe that I am, therefore, a product of the social system.I have the beliefs that my views concerning academic achievement,occupation, health, fulfillment, musical lyrics, empowerment,sexuality, sexual orientation, ethnicity, and race, have beendetermined by the information that I drew from my social system.Other examples of views that have been defined by my social systeminclude class, motivation, crime, relationships, punishment, andrewards, among many other topics that concern life.

Theconservative discussions that I engaged in were brought to life whenI experienced instances of segregation concerning my color, class,ethnicity and race. Some of my family members experienced prejudiceat some point in their lives, and this sank the reality that theviews shared were practical in the real world.

Contradictingparts of my self-assessment and my way of dealing with them

Thereare instances where the conservative discussions regarding the topicspresented in this assessment were contradictory. The contradictionsarose when looking at the practicality of some of the situationswhile comparing them to the views instilled on me by family members,for instance, that are presented above. I have accepted uncriticallythe values, assumptions, beliefs, and prescriptions that I haveacquired as a result of socializing with others given the forces thatI have had to deal with in my daily interactions with other people.There are times when the elements of fear, misunderstanding,insecurity and confusion took the order of the day during mysocialization activities. The presence of fear concerning what othersmight think of me or the event of being misunderstood which, as aresult, may promote instances of insecurity and confusion, are whatdetermines how I have related to others. I make my decisionsregarding socialization where I choose whether to embrace status quo,make an adjustment, take a stand, question, intercept or interruptideas. However, in the bid to determine my acceptance levelsconcerning socialization activities, I have learned to go to thedrawing board and analyze how my decision relates to the elements offear, misunderstanding, insecurity and confusion. In my relationswith others, I strive to critically analyze my drawing board, whenrelating to the topics presented above and my socialization process,and in so doing, I aspire not to step on others when interacting withthem.

Insummary, from my day to day critical analysis of the values that havebeen instilled on me verses what I have experienced, I try as much asI can to limit contradictions that may arise between “theory” and“experience”. I simply take note of the four forces presentedabove, in my decision-making, which are the components of the wheelthat drives my everyday life.

Waysto monitor my actions to ensure bias that may negatively affect myclients

Myactions towards others are critical especially when dealing withclients. People have different beliefs and values and thus, it isimportant to recognize the differences. It is unethical to imposeone’s values on clients as this may affect them negatively. Indealing with this, I have my own ways of ensuring that bias doesaffect clients negatively. One of the ways in which I monitor myactions is by maintaining a neutral position. In employing thisstrategy, I sometimes handle issues based on what a customerbelieves. By so doing, the customer is likely to feel accepted andvalued. When my values conflict with client’s, maintaining aneutral attitude helps me keep mine in check. I always do this bylistening and agreeing to what the customer says. Another way that Ihave learnt to avoid bias is by having self-awareness. I am alwaysvery keen on how I react to my customer’s statements and actions.Some clients may have a negative feeling about my services or values,but I always keep such attitude to myself. I believe that to avoidsteering clients in my direction can be a difficult task when I wantto maintain a helpful attitude. To avoid any bias, I have learnt tocheck my values and those of client and being truthful with myself.This has helped avoid imposing my values on customers unknowingly.


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Encyclopedia.(n.d). Stratification, Social. International Encyclopedia of theSocial Sciences. Retrieved October 07, 2016, from

Form,W. &ampWilterdink, N. (2015).Social Structures. Retrieved October07, 2016, from

Kawachi,I., Daniels, N., &amp Robinson, D. E. (2005). Health disparities byrace and class: why both matter. Health Affairs, 24(2), 343-352.

Lorde,A. (1997). The uses of anger.Women’s Studies Quarterly,25(1/2),278-285.

Silver,H. (2015).The Contexts of Social Inclusion. Retrieved October 08,2016, from

Dogloff,R., Harrington, D., &amp Loewenberg, F. (2012). Ethical decisionsfor social work practice.

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