Question#6 – Author Ayn Rand argues that the “ethics of altruism” are acomplete waste of time and that individuals should instead beselfish. Do you agree/disagree? Why?
Bydefinition, the Ethics of Altruism is identified as a doctrine or abranch of ethics that deals with individual morality. Thus, it is aprinciple that states the people have an ethical morality andobligation, which helps them in serving or benefiting otherindividuals. The scenario usually has attributes, which state andtend to prove that helping other people is often at the cost of one`sself-interest (Seglow, 2012). Thus, the summary of ethics of altruismis that an action is considered to be morally right when theconsequences of the action are favorable to everyone involved andunfavorable to the agent. Altruism ensures that there is a selflessconcern for the welfare of other people.
Invarious aspects, altruism is criticized much for its crippling bias.It is as well critiqued by individuals who feel the contrary: that aperson should live entirely for oneself. Several persons are neitheraltruists nor egoists just because neither conception is verysensible. As such, the ethical or moral altruism is stricter than thelayman’s altruism since it never values the self, but as a way toassist others (Rowden et al., 2013). In simple terms, altruism isjust any action, which assists other people out of generosity insteadof a person’s individual interests.
Themeaning of ethics of Altruism has attracted some Christians whoattempt to discredit the existence and use of this principle. Onenotable critic is Ayn Rand. According to his argument, the Ethics ofAltruism is a complete waste of time and thus, individuals shouldconsider being selfish and avoiding any forms of ethical altruism(Scott & Seglow, 2013). Ayn Rand has explored the objectivityaspect and noted that most of the problems that were existing In theworld emerged from the use of the doctrine of Ethics of Altruism(Grant, 2012). Furthermore, he states that there is no groundexplaining that there is a moral superiority in individuals whopractice and use the ethics of altruism (MacKinnon, 2013). However, Idisagree with the statement of Ayn Rand and instead hold the beliefthat numerous advantages are accrued and obtained through the use ofethics of altruism.
Aspectssuch as empathy-altruism are important in the society. The branch ofaltruism makes human beings have a great mandate as well as care ofthe welfare of other people. Thus, it helps in the promotion ofreligiousness among people, especially Christians. Among the guidingprinciples that Christians believe are that they have to respect andcare about other human beings just like how Christ did and wantedthem to behave (Rowden et al., 2013). Thus, the empathy aspect ofaltruism makes individuals care about the welfare of other personsand thus promoting the factor of religion among the Christians.Furthermore, when individuals have empathy and emotional nature, theywill strive to help other people as they feel they are part of thechallenge that the other characters are experiencing (Vakoch, 2013).
Ethicsof Altruism also helped in the development of the society. Forexample, by helping other people, there will be a social developmentas the members will be lifted from the negative state to a positivestate. Thus, this promotes the development and the improvement of thesociety. For example, in a company, ethics of altruism is necessary.Employees who sacrifice to help other staff understand their jobduties, and activities will ensure that there is a timely conduct ofcorporate operations in the organization, which will create highlevels of revenue generation. Moreover, these ethics are vital asthey are the building blocks of character in other individuals.Helping them out will involve guiding them on the appropriate style,which members will copy and implement in their lives.
Grant,C. (2012). Altruismand Christian ethics.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. InVakoch, D. A. (2013). Extraterrestrialaltruism: Evolution and ethics in the Cosmos.SpringerScience & Business MediaMacKinnon,B. (2013). Ethics:Theory and contemporary issues, concise edition.Australia: Wadsworth / Cengage Learning.Rowden,D., & American Association for Adult Education. (2013).Enlightenedself-interest: A study of educational programs of trade associations.New York: American Association for adult education.Scott& Seglow, N., & Seglow, J. (2007). Altruism.Maidenhead, England: Open University Press.Seglow,J. (2012). Theethics of altruism.London: Frank Cass.