SINGLE PAYER HEALTHCARE SYSTEM 5
SinglePayer Healthcare System
SinglePayer Healthcare System
Asa model, single payer healthcare plan is considered as a situationwhere an individual accumulates all the healthcare fees andeventually pays for the expenses. It is claimed that since the numberof entities involved in the healthcare system is limited there is apossibility that wastage of funds incurred by the administration canbe avoided. Additionally, within the single-payer system, it isrequired that the entire healthcare should provide a bill withregards to the services they offer. Numerous benefits are realizedby the citizens of a nation where the single-payer system has beenimplemented, some of which include quality services, extensivemedical care, and the liberty to select the service providers. Anexample of a country where single-payer healthcare scheme ispracticed is Canada, and it is identified as the Canada’s MedicareSystem.
Strengthsof Single-Payer Healthcare Model
Single-payerhealthcare has numerous advantages to the citizens since it helps toprovide insurance for health services that are offered to the people.Medical bills at some time become very expensive for the citizens asthe well-being problems can when least expected. Therefore, thefollowing are some pros of single-payer healthcare: coverage isextended to everyone, reduce the amount of paperwork, lower cost, noinsurance company required, only single buyer needed, it istransferable from one job to another, there is a uniform benefit,reduces administrative waste, and public oversight. Hence, thesingle-payer healthcare system is very efficient as it helps to savethe cost and it covers everyone by utilizing available resources inthe economy (Hurton et al., 2016).
Weaknessof Single-Payer Healthcare System
Similarly,apart from the merits that are experienced from the single-payerhealthcare scheme, the approach is also associated with demerits thatchallenge its success. First, the system is controlled by thegovernment in which all physicians and medical equipmentmanufacturers become part and parcel of the state employee. Secondly,it has been suggested that the method lowers innovation because thereare no motivation for people who are carrying out research work inthe single-payer healthcare system. Similarly, there are fewerbenefits associated with the single-payer healthcare system. That isbecause the working class pays surplus taxes, but there are no extrabenefits associated with that. The system is also linked to substanceuse because those who are addicted to drugs receive medical careconcerning their addiction, hence the careless attitude to misusedrugs with the notion that treatment is available. Finally,single-payer healthcare system demoralizes those who are workingsince they do not see any need of working yet they can live well offon the efforts of others (Hurton et al., 2016).
Single-PayerPlan and Healthcare Services
Dueto some of the disadvantages that are associated with the model,single-payer system impacts how people receive healthcare. Forexample, when the physicians enjoy no motivation, they are likely tobecome reluctant on their jobs. Consequently, those who suffer mostas a result of the health practitioner`s disinclination are thepatients. Such types of problems can be experienced after an extendedperiod following the implementation of the model and its subsequentoperation. Similarly, only a handful of doctors will be willing andcapable of toiling under harsh conditions featuring low payment, andthat will have an impact on the patients who will not accesshealthcare services due to long hours of waiting before beingattended. Low salary can discourage physicians and also reduce theircommitment to investing in modern medical equipment and the time theyspend with patients. Nevertheless, the patient has to burden all theconsequences of the single-payer healthcare system (Gaffney et al.,2016).
Favorfor Single-Payer Approach
Thesingle-payer healthcare system is very efficient, especially whenconsidering the majority of people who are living below the povertyline and thus cannot afford medical expenses. Therefore, single-payerhealthcare system works to their advantages because it acts as aventure where people come together to accumulate resources that wouldlater help to overcome particular risks in case they occur. Additionally, there are people within the community who are veryvulnerable and require regular medical attention, which can only berealized when single-payer healthcare system is operational. Forexample, the senior citizens in the society need constant care and atthat moment raising funds to cater for such services are veryexpenses and the model come in handy to save them from thosechallenges (Gaffney et al., 2016).
Howto Address the Challenges of Single-Payer Healthcare System
Numerousproblems are linked to the single-payer healthcare system, and thathas raised several questions whether it is the best option to beadopted as far as healthcare is concerned. One of the significantchallenges associated with the system is low payment of medicalstaff, a problem that can be addressed by ensuring that workers arewell paid to motivate them so as to perform their duties diligently.Similarly, physicians can be exempted from the payment of tax, orthey can pay it at a lower rate that leaves them with the amount thatcan act as an incentive to work harder (Shisana, 2015).
Single-payerhealthcare scheme can be regarded as a situation where an individualaccumulates all medical care fees and eventually pays for thehealthcare expenditures. Single-payer healthcare plan assists toreduce surplus expenses that are incurred by the managerial, henceperceived as a decisive model for saving funds.
Gaffney,A., Woolhandler, S., Angell, M., & Himmelstein, D. U. (2016).Moving Forward From the Affordable Care Act to a Single-Payer System.Americanjournal of public health,106(6),987-988.
Hurton,S., Urquhart, R., Kendall, C., Jorgensen, M., Porter, G., Levy, A., &Molinari, M. (2016). Quality of surgical care of pancreatic cancer ina single payer North American health care system. F1000Research,5(1),88-94.
Shisana,O. (2015). Is National Health Insurance the solution for SouthAfrica`s inequitable healthcare system?. New York, U.S: Elsevier.