Skin disorders

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SKIN DISORDERS 6

The skin is one of the most prone organs to infection in the body.This is owing to the fact that it is always exposed and it is boundto come into contact with numerous disease causing organisms such asbacteria or viruses (Epstein, 2014). A skin disorder will mainlycause itchiness, pain, stress or discomfort. Most people who sufferfrom skin disorders end up hiding from the public due to theembarrassment that is associated with such disorders.

Plantar Warts

This is a skin disorder whereby the victim develops an elevatedblemish on the skin mainly on the feet or heels. This skin conditionis caused by a virus and it is mainly contagious (Epstein, 2014). Thebumps are normally rough to touch and warts that appear blow the feetare extremely painful.

Treatment

The most common treatment for warts is the use of drugs bought overthe counter that contain salicylic acid. However, dermatologists havealso been using liquid nitrogen to freeze the warts and then removethe bumps with laser (Epstein, 2014). It is recommended that patientsshould keep their skin moist to avoid re-infection with warts.

Eczema

Eczema is characterized by red and itchy patches on the skin andthey mainly occur on the neck, ankles, the face, elbows and the knees(Epstein, 2014). This disorder is common on both adults and youngchildren. More often than not, the itchy patches ooze, but they arenot contagious.

Treatment

The condition is treated through the use of lotions and creams whichmoisturize the skin and prevent the itchiness (Epstein, 2014). It isimportant to avoid aggravating the skin such as through scratching orexposing it to chlorine in swimming pools.

Rosacea

This condition occurs mainly in adults and especially women and ischaracterized by visible blood vessels on the face, eye irritation,red skin and enlarged nose (Epstein, 2014). The condition is normallytriggered by certain skin care products or exposure to heat or sun.

Treatment

There are some tropical and oral medications. However, avoiding hetriggers has been identified as the best way to control this skincondition (Epstein, 2014).

Moles

This is a skin disorder whereby the pigment producing cells withinthe skin fail to spread equally and they form clusters (Epstein,2014). The cells end up forming dark protrusions on the skin and thecondition is mainly hereditary.

Treatment

Moles are not harmful and most people never consider having themremoved. However, if they are uncomfortable, they can be removedthrough a scalpel or anesthetic (Epstein, 2014).

Hives

Hives is a skin condition that is characterized by numerous red,pale swellings on the skin known as wheals (Epstein, 2014).Typically, the bumps are as a result of an allergy and they appearonce the body reacts to chemicals, sunlight or stings hence releasinghistamine.

Treatment

The condition can be managed through applying cool compressors orwet clothes on the affected areas. It is also important to sleep incold rooms (Epstein, 2014). Hives can be treated by the useantihistamines or oral corticosteroids.

Psoriasis

This is a condition whereby the victim a red and dry skin which iscovered with scales especially on the ears, genitalia and also areaswith bony prominences (Epstein, 2014).

Treatment

Dermatologists have recommended the use of steroid creams and orointments as a way of treating or managing the condition (Epstein,2014). Corticosteroids can also be used to inhibit the production ofskin cells that lead to itchiness.

Acne

It is a skin condition that affects sebaceous glands of the skin andit forms inflammations which might be itchy such as pimples, papulesand pustules (Epstein, 2014).

Treatment

Mild acne normally disappears without any form of treatment.However, where acne is severe, topical creams or tablets can be usedto treat inflammations and itchiness.

Chickenpox

This is a skin condition that is contagious and it is caused byvaricella zoster virus (Epstein, 2014). It is mainly characterized byrushes all over the body and it causes severe itchiness and fever.

Treatment

Antihistamines are the best form of treatment for chickenpox(Epstein, 2014). Applying cool compressors is also one way oftreating the condition or taking oatmeal baths.

Conclusion

The skin plays a significant role as a barrier to infections andother contaminants that may enter the body. However, skin disorderscan hinder this barrier function thus making treatment of skindisorders an important element in preventing infections (Epstein,2014). usually vary in severity and symptoms. They canbe either permanent or temporary, painful or painless and some havegenetic causes while others have situational causes. Thus, it is alsoimportant to know the specific type of skin disorder one is exposedto in order to use the appropriate treatment as well as preventionmeasures.

Reference

Epstein, E. (2014).&nbspCommon skin disorders. Philadelphia:W.B. Saunders.

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