States Standards

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States’standards provide a basis for assessing states annually. Examples ofstates standards include the Common Core State Standards (CCSS)(including national or State) and No Child Left Behind (NCLB). Thesestandards are important in enhancing performance of students in highschools so that they can join College. It is therefore important forteachers to have knowledge of these standards so that they gainawareness on what their students needs to learn in order to meet therequirements. California has adopted Common Core State ContentStandards that are used to promote achievement of K-12 students. Ithas defined the skills, concepts and knowledge that every studentmust obtain in each grade level from kindergarten through to grade 12(Hiebert&amp Mesmer, 2013).

WhatI want My students to Learn

Thegrade 2 standards provide teachers with guidance on how to teachstudents and offer them a world-class education in various subjects. I want my students in second grade to learn science, math, socialstudies, and English language Arts. In this grade, students aretaught basic concepts such as reading, grammar, subtraction andaddition, and introduction to weather (Hiebert&amp Mesmer, 2013).

Theaim of learning English language arts is to promote the studentsvocabulary development and to improve their fluency in Englishlanguage. Language development and fluency are important aspectsbecause it would enhance the social competence of students, andenable them to effectively structure grammatical sentences both inspoken and in writing. The English language arts will be learnedthrough word analysis such as selecting letter patterns and make thestudents interpret them into verbal language using word parts.Additionally, language arts will be taught by engaging students inreading comprehension, analyzing their reading and responses toliterature, make them write sentences and develop a paragraph. Also,the students will gain knowledge of language arts through listeningand responding to oral communication correctly. In reading, studentswill be made to perform different tasks involving use of fictionaland non-fictional texts. They will as well read character traits,story elements, main details and features of basic texts. Basicgrammar that is taught in second grade includes adjectives, verbs andsubjects. Writing grammar helps to inform students and allow them toexpress their personal ideas (Umansky,Reardon, Hakuta, Thompson, Estrada, Hayes &amp Goldenberg, 2015).

Moreover,the students will study mathematics to enhance their recognition ofvarious mathematical applications that are important in academicprogress. The students will different mathematical concepts includingnumber sense, algebra and functions, measurement and geometry,statistics, data analysis and probability, as well as mathematicalreasoning. Learning mathematical idea will provide students with anidea of place value, simple multiplication idea and the relationshipof numbers in addition and subtraction. Furthermore, learningmathematics will enhance the ability of students to measurequantities of correct units. They will be able to classify shapesappropriately and observe their relationship by using their geometriccharacteristics. Consequently, learning mathematics will enablestudents to effectively collect and analyze data and validate theiranswers. The mathematical ideas will be cultured through counting,reading, writing whole numbers, solving simple math problems,measuring length of objects, and calculations (Umansky,Reardon, Hakuta, Thompson, Estrada, Hayes &amp Goldenberg, 2015).

TheCommon Core State Content Standards for grade 2 provide four areasthat are important for teachers to focus on during instructional timein math lessons. These include describing and analyzing shapes,broadening knowledge of the base-ten notation, using standard unitsof measure and promoting understanding of addition and subtraction.Increasing students understanding of the base-ten system will providethem with ability to count fives, tens and multiples of ones andtens. Learning standard units of measure will provide students withthe recognition of how to use rulers and other measurement equipmentsto calculate these units. Studying how to describe and analyze shapeswill enable students establish a basis for understanding differentaspects such as similarity, volume, and symmetry in other subsequentgrades (Hiebert&amp Mesmer, 2013).

Additionally,the students will study social studies because it will allow them toexplore the lives of individuals who provide meaning in their lives.They can understand these people by observing their actual lives orby reading historical stories of heroes in society. It will providestudents with the ability to differentiate things that took place inthe past from those that occurred recently. They obtain thisknowledge by tracking the family history of an extraordinary personeither from primary or secondary sources. Also, they can makecomparison or differentiate between their everyday lives and those oftheir parents or grandparents. Learning social studies as wellpromotes students’ ability to express their map skills. Forinstance, they can demonstrate their skills by providing adescription of environments, places and people. Moreover, socialstudies provide students with knowledge on the different governmentinstitutions and their functions in America as well as those in othercountries. It will promote their understanding of how American andother nations around the globe make and implement laws, and how topunish offenders. In addition, they will be able to provide adescription of ways that different groups and nations interact toaddress global problems such as treaties, military force anddiplomacy. Additionally, learning social studies enhancescomprehension of students’ basic concepts of economics and roles ofpeople in the economy. For example, the students will have theability to explain the comparison and contrast between foodproduction and consumption in the present society and those in thepast. Similarly, they will be able to explain how limited recoursesimpacts on consumption and production. Accordingly, learning socialstudies will allow students to have knowledge on significance of aperson’s actions and their traits and also understand ways thatprevious icons such as Abraham Lincoln have impacted on their lives(Dolman,2016).

Thestudents will study science including physical, life and earthsciences as well as investigation and experimentation. In physicalscience, students will be provided with basic understanding of waysthat motion of objects can be observed and measured. For example, itwill provide them with insights on how to change the movement ofsomething by either pulling or pushing. In earth sciences, studentswill be introduced to weather system and planets and the differentmaterials that the earth is made off. This will provide students withawareness on how to compare physical properties and understand howfossils are and how they were made. In life sciences, students willbe introduced to nutrition, plants and animals. They are providedwith the information of how organisms reproduce offspring, the stagesof life cycles, characteristics of organisms and the influence of theenvironment on those traits (Umansky,Reardon, Hakuta, Thompson, Estrada, Hayes &amp Goldenberg, 2015).


California’sCommon Core State Content Standards has promoted provision of worldclass education to students within the state. It consists of clearlyoutlined knowledge, concepts and skills that teachers must ensureeach student. Second grade students can be taught on basic conceptsof various subjects such as science, math, social studies, andEnglish language Arts. For instance, students learn how to read,grammar structure and writing, subtraction and addition andintroduction to weather patterns and the planet. Teaching studentsthe basic concepts of these subjects would enhance their knowledgeand skills and thus improve their academic performance. Additionally,it will provide them with good grades that ensure they join highschool and college and become important people in the society.


Dolman,A. (2016). Usingprimary sources with an inquiry-based curriculum to enhanceengagement in social studies in a second grade classroom(Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Northridge).

Hiebert,E. H., &amp Mesmer, H. A. E. (2013). Upping the ante of textcomplexity in the Common Core State Standards examining its potentialimpact on young readers. EducationalResearcher,42(1),44-51.

Umansky,I. M., Reardon, S. F., Hakuta, K., Thompson, K. D., Estrada, P.,Hayes, K., … &amp Goldenberg, C. (2015). Improving theOpportunities and Outcomes of California`s Students Learning English:Findings from School District-University Collaborative Partnerships.Policy Brief 15-1. PolicyAnalysis for California Education, PACE.


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