The 13th Colony Georgia

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The 13thColony: Georgia

The colony of Georgia was founded in 1732 by James Oglethorpe andseveral other colonialists. The main reason for the establishment ofthe colony was to provide a place for the Protestants refugeesescaping persecution in Europe to settle (Georgian Virtual Library,2016). As such, from the onset, people who were strict followers ofthe Roman Catholic religion were not welcomed in the colony. Thecolony of Georgia was also to serve as a region for debtors and theless wealthy Europeans to settle. Oglethorpe believed that thedebtors and the poor settlers would find Georgia a good place foragriculture due to its favorable weather condition. Apart fromfarming, Oglethorpe believed that the settlers would act as soldiersin case the colony was attacked by the Spanish in Florida. For 12years, James Oglethorpe was Georgia’s colony governor. During histenure as the colony’s governor, Oglethorpe banned alcohol andslavery. However, upon his return to England, Slavery wasreintroduced in 1749. The colony was named after King George II ofEngland. The reason for giving Georgia a charter was to safeguard theSouth Carolina’s colony from the attack by the Spanish in Floridaand French in Louisiana (Georgian Virtual Library, 2016).

Before the colonization of Georgia, the region was inhabited by theIndians. Oglethorpe and a group of 116 individuals from Englandlanded in Charleston in November 1732. Immediately after landing, theIndians were hired to erect a fort and fell the woods. After creatinga fort and ensuring that there were enough guns, Oglethorpe summonedfifty chiefs from the region and gave them his wishes and wantsconcerning the purchase of the territory (The Library of Congress,2015). Among those who accompanied Oglethorpe to Georgia was a mannamed Thomas Bosomworth. He was the chaplain of the colony.Immediately Thomas arrived at Savannah, he married Mary Musgrove anIndian woman who was well versed in English language and acted as aninterpreter to Oglethorpe (Georgian Virtual Library, 2016). ThomasBosomworth tricked the Council of Chiefs of the Indians into crowningMalatcbe as one of the greatest among them. After this, Bosomworthconvinced his wife, Mary Musgrove, to refer to herself as the eldestsister to Malatcbe. Mary Musgrove told the Indians council of chiefsthat one of her grandfathers had been made a king. Since the Indiansadmired her and respected Bosomworth, they accepted her as theirqueen. As a Queen, Musgrove mobilized Indians to rebel against thecolonialists. However, the rebellion did not succeed as Bosomwoth andMusgrove were imprisoned. Besides, Oglethorpe revealed Bossomworth’splan that tricked the Indians into accepting Mary Musgrove as theirQueen (Georgian Virtual Library, 2016).

For several reasons, the colony did not thrive. This was because ofthe tension that existed between trustees and settlers regarding theuse of land. The other reason for the colony failing to thrive at thebeginning was because its first settlers were poor and not anenterprising group. The Indian trade was an essential element ofGeorgia’s economy (The Library of Congress, 2015). The trade inGeorgia’s colony depended on natural resources and plantations.Examples of goods of trade included pottery and farm products such asrice and tobacco (Georgian Virtual Library, 2016).

In conclusion, the Georgian colony was founded by James Oglethorpe in1732. It was named after King George II of England. It was initiallyinhabited by the Indians. The main reason for the establishment ofGeorgia as a colony was to provide a place to the Protestants fleeingpersecution in Europe. Initially, the Indians were tricked by ThomasBosomworth to rebel against the colonial government. However, theuprising was thwarted after Bossomworth and his wife Mary Musgrovewere put in prison. The economy relied on farm products and naturalresources for its sustenance. The goods of trade in the colonyincluded tobacco, rice, pottery, and dye.


Georgian Virtual Library. (2016). Timeline: Georgia as an EnglishColony 1732-1775. Accessed on October 11, 2016.

The Library of Congress. (2015). Establishing the Georgia Colony,1732-1750.” Accessed on October 11, 2016.

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