THE CAUSES OF WAR
In the view ofinternational law, war is a way of resolving differences betweenpolitical entities within distinct sovereign powers. It involvesviolent actions orchestrated by the highest political organizationintending to force the lesser entities to fulfill or accept the willof the oppressor (Johnson P. 2013). War is as the history ofhumankind. From World War I, II, Cold War and the modern Arab Springsand civil strife, wars have various causes. The focus of this paperis an account of wars, benefits thereof and an analysis why modernglobal societies find war unnecessary.
According toJohnson P. (2013), wars are caused by political ideologies andbeliefs. During both World Wars I and II, dominant power systems werebased either on communists or capitalists economic systems. Recently,the Arab Springs are built on Islamism which has been propagated bySaudi Arabia the same way Russia was the face of Communism. Theformer brought enmity between Hitler and the Soviet Union.
Poverty alsocauses wars in developing nations. The political systems have failedto empower its citizens and using the vast natural resources to buildstrong economies. Citizens rise against the leaders to bring change.
In the era ofcolonization, European nations wanted raw materials and the marketfor their manufactured good. They had to forcefully conquer the stateto access the raw materials. Disagreements that arose on dividingterritories led to wars between them. An example is the British andthe Germans in East Africa before World War I. In the same breath,weak nations predisposed them for wars as superior nations conqueredthem easily (Stoessinger J. 2011).
Internationalwars are caused by the need for superiority and prestige. Winningwars makes a country proud and shows how its system is developed inwar weapons. The United States is a good example of a state that haswon wars for superiority and prestige.
Benefits of war
Wars usuallyresult in massive loss of lives, destruction of property and economyand impoverishing of the defeated entities. Other than the hugedetrimental effects of wars there is substantive evidence of thepositives of fighting.
Wars createemployment. The military, the basic component of war deploys billionsof people across the globe. Industries that manufacture war weaponsalso employ technicians while governments similar invest in securitylogistics just to offer effective security to its citizens.
Patriotism,pride, and superiority arise after wars. The powerful nations thatstarted World Wars wanted to test their weaponry, hence thesuperiority for those who won. On the other hand, public reactions toachieve independence increased the feeling of patriotism and pride(Stoessinger J. 2011). The Americans became more superior and proudafter winning wars. Wars in this century have brought democratizationand peace. Developing nations with weak democracies have faced civilstrife against anarchical governments leading to the forceful ousterof their leaders. Examples are Egypt, Libya and the post-electionviolence in Kenya.
Economically,expanded territories offer extra raw materials for industrialdevelopment and additional labor. It also expands the markets for theconsumption of goods and services. Major international wars revolvedaround commodities and global markets for minerals and agriculturalproducts (Johnson P. 2013)
Maturing past the armed conflict resolution
The bargainingmodel of war posits that war is only an inefficient means of conflictresolution as it destroys resources that could be distributed amongthe adversaries. This has paved the way for peace and negation as anamicable solution mechanism.
Generations have since matured to realize that investing in localsustainability through production is better than the conqueringstate. On the emerging nations, the focus is now put on povertyeradication to reduce internal aggression (Deutsch M. 2011).
Deutsch M.(2011) argues that landmark international unions have civilizedstates against wars. From the League of Nations after World War I tothe United Nations, the international community has effectively tointervene in conflicts. Countries signed agreements after witnessingthe destructive causes of wars. Negotiation and mediation arevaluable alternate ways of fostering peace. If need be, economicsanctions have been applicable.
On the flipside,there is still need for war to end the rising terror attacks in theworld. The terrorists who hide on religious ideologies have not givenroom for peaceful conflict resolution means. This calls for a jointend of wars by the international communities. Similarly, anarchicalstates that do not hold democratic ideologies have continued to goagainst the ideals of peace.
Stoessinger, J. G. (2011) why nations go to war. Boston, MA:Wadsworth
Johnson, P. (2013). The birth of the modern: world society1815-1830. Hachette UK
Deutsch, M., Coleman, P. T., & Marcus, E. C. (2011). TheHandbook of Conflict Resolution: Theory and Practice. New York,NY: John Wiley & Sons.