The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid

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TheEffects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid

TheEffects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid

Warrefers to the conflict between two or more states or nations, ordifferent groups within a state or nation. On the other hand, peacerefers to the absence of war, violence, retribution, and hostility.It also refers to the freedom from fear of conflict or disturbance.Foreign aid refers to the transfer of goods, services, and capitalfrom one country to another, especially from developed to developingcountry. It is given in numerous forms from food, to humanitarianemergency assistance, to financial, military, and technicalassistance, among others. However, peace and war have a greatinfluence on the distribution of foreign aid among the developingcountries. This essay evaluates the positive and the negative effectsof these two aspects of foreign aid in Somalia, a developing countryin the sub-Saharan region. It will also analyze the actions that theSomalia leadership has taken, using foreign aid to relieve the severeproblems caused by warfare. Lastly, assess whether or not theextension of foreign aid has successfully reduced poverty, as well asincidences of warfare.

Researchshows that different types of aid have the different outcomes. Forinstance, low-profile aid that is given directly to the needyfamilies decreases conflict. On the contrary, vast and high profileprojects, such as those to improve infrastructure empower conflictsand exacerbate warfare.

Accordingto Berman,Felter, and Shapiro, (2015),foreign aid is an instrument of ensuring peace remains forever in thedeveloping countries. Sadly, it has increased animosity in thecountry rather than bringing peace and stability. Boyce(2013), urges that it is unfortunate that in some cases, aid increaseconflicts level by setting up a parallel economy, whichcorrespondingly accelerates the collapsing state rate. For instance,as financial injections by UN increased, the conflict betweensub-clan militias in Somalia escalated. In order to operate inSomalia, humanitarian agencies have to pay a lot of money forprotection purposes to security organizations. Empirical Studies ofConflict Project (ESOC) conducted a study in conflict nations andfound that foreign aid does not reduce conflict, but rather it makesit worse (Bermanet. al., 2015).

Provisionof humanitarian aid changed the nature and phases of the war inSomalia. In 2011, the frontlines became apparent following Ethiopiantroops and Africa Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). Those giving theaid would easily maneuver access because confrontations wereinadequate in some areas. Further, policy-makers and aid agencies useforeign aid as a tool to prevent future conflict. Correspondingly, itcreates a positive consequence on the economic development andreduces threat on capital investments as well.

Accordingto authoritarian regimes, disbursement of foreign aid should help toaddress the need of the poor. Sadly, in Somalia, it has not helped toreduce poverty and warfare. The process of selecting the needy peopleto access the aid is not always balanced. According to Nunnand Qian (2013),this is due lack of community participation because community eldersand self-appointed leaders are the ones that make the decisions. Inmost case, they are the businesspersons, politicians, senior clan andcommunity members, and other influential individuals. They decide whoshould receive aid, and in some cases, they ask for a receipt to giveit. As a result, these resources have benefited only those in powerand those with control of information than those in critical need ofthe assistance. Most leaders used foreign aid to garner support andcling on power, and for personal gain.

References

Berman,E., Felter, J., &amp Shapiro, J. (2015, January 21). Aid for Peace.Retrieved October 12, 2016, fromhttps://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/asia/2015-01-21/aid-peace

Boyce,J. K. (2013).&nbspInvestingin peace: Aid and conditionality after civil wars&nbsp(No.351). Routledge.

Nunn,N., &amp Qian, N. (2013, March). Aiding Conflict: The Effect of USFood Aid on Civil War. In&nbspProceedingsof the Conflict and Cooperation Conference, May&nbsp(pp.13-14).

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