The Use of Postmodern Model in Family and Marriage Therapy

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THE USE OF POSTMODERN MODEL IN FAMILY AND MARRIAGE THERAPY 6

TheUse of Postmodern Model in Family and Marriage Therapy

Theuse of Postmodern Model in Family and Marriage Therapy

Inmodern days, the marriage and family therapy has become an integralpart of community health. Consequently, the application oftheoretical frameworks as guidelines for providing care has becomewidely recognized in health and counseling institutions, requiringproper identification, development, and application of newtheoretical models. Postmodern theory model focuses on thephilosophical and cultural values or beliefs to promote humanism.Unlike traditional models, it is ideologically flexible andprincipled in decision-making during therapeutical practices. Thepaper discusses few resourceful and peer, reviewed materials relatedto the use of the postmodern model in provision family and marriagetherapy.

=Carr,A. (2014). Thematic review of the family therapy journals in 2013.Journalof Family Therapy,36(4), 420-443. doi:10.1111/1467-6427.12061 Retrieved fromhttp://web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=98479b32-ba64-43f3-9767-639a64bb4339%40sessionmgr4008&ampvid=2&amphid=4212

Inthis article, the author Alan Carr who is a professor of clinicalpsychology at University College of Dublin gathered severalpeer-reviewed journals published in 2013. According to the article,this year had many postmodernism developments in the field of familytherapy, hence the year’s specialization. The author used differentmodels to review these journals and discuss their findings.Consequently, the article concludes with significant developments inthat year achieved by various psychology works. Also, he recommendsadoption of the postmodern model in strengthening familyrelationships and therapy in medical settings.

Thearticle is relevant to the study of marriage and family therapybecause it provides ideas on other resourceful materials a researchercan utilize. However, the author failed to provide a qualitativemethodology or any other criteria for reviewing the journals.

Dickerson,V. C. (2014). The Advance of Post-structuralism and Its Influence onFamily Therapy. FamilyProcess,53(3), 401-414. doi:10.1111/famp.12087. Retrieved fromhttp://web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=35833455-7361-4f6d-a167-78197d675e63%40sessionmgr4009&ampvid=8&amphid=4207

Inthis article, the author reviewed the reception of the postmodernismback in the 1980s and the effects it had to the family therapydespite being a new idea at that time. The paper`s primary objectivewas to investigate the influence of the postmodernism and nuanceeffect with an argument that the postmodernism concepts has beenuseful in making positive transformations to families and eventherapists.

Inits development, it utilized information from the fields ofsociology, philosophy, and psychology. The author Dickerson also gaveparticular attention to different forms of personal identities andrelevant factors such as attitude professional relations useful whenthe therapist is provide counseling. There is correctly phrasedliterature review and a well-developed discussion, thereby makingthis material helpful in a study of proposed projects. However, itlacked a scientific approach to quantifying these impacts ofpostmodernism and took a general approach to the discussion.

Dybicz,P. (2015). From Person-in-Environment to Strengths: The Promise ofPostmodern Practice. Journalof Social Work Education,51(2), 237-249. doi:10.1080/10437797.2015.1012923. Retrieved fromhttp://web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=35833455-7361-4f6d-a167-78197d675e63%40sessionmgr4009&ampvid=5&amphid=4207

Althoughthis material is more a sociology paper, it demonstrates a properconsideration to the evidence-based practices supported by postmodernideas as a shift from the tradition Person in Environment (PIE)model. According to the author Dybicz Phillip, the empirical methodsand principles of positivism that strengthens the PIE area also itslimitation. For instance, it does not lead to reliabledecision-making process since it ignores the patient’s free will.Consequently, postmodern thoughts are held a viable solution to suchlimitations since it works on value-based practices. Unlike somematerials discussed here, this one used the empirical method andmathematical models to develop its discussion. Moreover, its focuson evidence-based practices enhances the understanding of theconcepts used and the arguments. The only limitation of the paper isthat it failed to highlight the most recent trends in family therapysuch as same-sex marriage.

Mutter,K. F. (2012). The Practice of Integration with Postmodern Therapies:Exploring the Use of Ingram`s (1995) Model with Emotionally FocusedTherapy. Journalof Psychology &amp Theology,40(3), 179-187. Retrieved fromhttp://web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=32d0dc03-0c45-4f87-a2d7-48f334e36b9f%40sessionmgr4009&ampvid=2&amphid=4212

Accordingto this article, emotions are cognition and the human way of showingvalue and dignity of life. Consequently, the authors and a familycounselor Kevin Mutter used Ingram’s model for theologicalreflection (1995) and the theory of Emotionally Focused Couples toidentify the gap between the psychology and theology and thenintegrate the concepts for increased effectiveness in marriage andfamily counseling. Finally, the author concludes that integration ofthe two theories provides a postmodern roadmap for theological andself-reflection. The material is rich in literature content, and fewother methods are highlighted in the discussion, providing a strongtheoretical approach to the proposed topic. However, the materialfails to capture other recently developed theories in the field ofcounseling. Additionally, the author did not acknowledge some of theterms used in his work.

Wai-Luen,K. (2016). Narrative Therapy, Theology, and Relational Openness:Reconstructing the Connection between Postmodern Therapy andTraditional Theology. Journalof Psychology &amp Theology,44(3), 201-212. Retrieved fromhttp://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=0c2ec57c-6cc6-4576-8695-d41bbcf55bec%40sessionmgr101&ampvid=1&amphid=128

Inthis paper, the discussion is steered towards the establishment ofthe relatedness between the theology and postmodern therapy. As aprominent philosopher, author Wai-Luen Kwok holds thatpostmodernists’ views of family counseling consider the pastoralcare and its importance, something the traditional therapists hasignored for long. In his hypothesis, identification and linking theconcepts of traditional therapy with those of postmodernism can yielda useful framework. The philosopher used an analytical method toreview both the theological and postmodernism narrative theories inthe development of his arguments.

Thepaper raised important religious issues necessary in family therapyespecially in Christian settings, thus, making it useful for thestudy. In addition, the arguments are well developed and supportedfrom traditional and biblical perspective. However, the paper lackeda proper literature review or qualitative approach to the themes.

Inbrief, numerous studies are focusing on theory application in familyand marriage therapy. However, this study captured only a few.Nevertheless, with consideration of study’s objectives and scope,other appropriate materials can be integrated into the research.Moreover, any materials that cause a scientific breakthrough in thefield of family therapy.

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