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Piaget’s theory

Jean Piaget

The theory is about the nature and the process of development of the human intelligence.

Vygotsky’s theory


It’s all about an idea that the possibility for cognitive development is dependent on the proximal development zone (Mowrer&amp Klein, 2011)

Armbruster theory


It focuses on analyzing the process of individual cognitive development.

Holdaway theory

Donald Holdaway

He believed that all children have the capability of learning how to read and be better readers (Mowrer &amp Klein, 2011).

Strickland theory


It explains on how Strickland decides to put his theory concerning his job on practice

Effectsof Theories on Students Learning

Piaget’stheory explained that the student`s growth in learning is determinedby the growth level (Chen, 2014). Therefore, a student is onlycapable of undertaking certain tasks at a certain age. In his stepsto teaching students, it is clear that the results are positive,since they are assisted through visual aid and they are given realworld experiences, which make them understand concepts faster.

Vygotsky’stheory asserts that the students’ learning behavior is affected bytheir respective cultures, which affect their cognitive development.Similarly, Armbruster’s theory maintains that individuals have thepotentiality of developing cognitively, academically, andprofessionally thus, they do not have to depend on their teachers’knowledge (Chen, 2014).

Inhis theory, Holdaway explains that students are bright and theirability to cognitive development is based on self and not from theexternal parties. Conversely, in Strickland’s theory, a surveyconducted indicated that girls develop significantly towards thehigher internal control (direction).


InChen, R. (2014).&nbspCognitivedevelopment: Theories, stages and processes and challenges.

Mowrer,R. R., &amp Klein, S. B. (2011).Handbookof contemporary learning theories.Mahwah, N.J: L. Erlbaum Associates.

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