Elections are considered to be a crucial time for a country. Thecitizens are in the process of selecting their political leaders whothey believe shall implement the change they need within the society.Some of the issues associated with voting included discriminationthat was based on race, religion, or education, but they have allbeen addressed allowing more people to participate in the election.During the campaign period, voters tend to portray varying behaviors.For instance, more people tend to register for the voting exercise,but only a certain percentage shall cast their votes during theElection Day. The paper aims at discussing how the level ofeducation, income, age, and apathy influence the conduct of Americanvoters during the national elections.
Education affects the decision on who to vote for in various ways. Itis argued that college voters may vote differently from the lowereducated individuals. College-educated voters would vote for theDemocratic candidate while the less-schooled voters selected theRepublican Party (Mara, 2016). One of the reasons why thecollege-educated voters supported the Democrats is because of thesocial policies they planned on implementing. The college-educatedindividuals are exposed to different views and people that enablethem to tolerate new trends in the society such as gay marriages.Hence, they get to favor the Democrats since they support theirsocial liberalism and understand their ability to manage the economyand make crucial investments in the security of the country’sfuture. However, the less-educated people tend to support theRepublicans because they prefer the authoritarian values whengoverning social behavior (Mara, 2016). They also tend to beconservative and fail to understand the complex nature of the moderneconomy that cannot be managed by strict rules if the country is toprosper.
The amount of salary also appears to influence the decision to vote.It is argued that the population of high-income voters whoparticipate in the election is higher as compared to the low-incomecitizens (Mara, 2016). The disparities are attributed to the role ofthe government in the society. The poor believe that theadministration has failed in promoting equity or improving theirstandard of living while the high-income voters believe it is theirduty to select a candidate because they have preferred policies thatthey want to be implemented in the country (Mara, 2016). The pooralso have the perception that their votes shall not make anydifference while the rich believe that participating in electionsallow them to determine the change in the nation.
Age also influences the conduct of voters in America. Older voterswho are above 55years tend to have the highest turnout duringelections as compared to the citizens below 45 years who are lesslikely to vote (Mara, 2016). The older people vote because they areinterested in protecting the benefits they receive from the federalgovernment in the form of social security and Medicare. The youngvoters rarely participate in the election process because of theirhigh level of mobility. Most of them shift from one region to anotherdue to job transfers, exploration of new business opportunities orpursuing their higher education. They are also required tore-register their new addresses, but they fail to do so preventingthem from voting (Mara, 2016). The city and state elections are notquite distinct as the older voters tend to participate in largenumbers. However, the population of young voters is higher in thecity elections as opposed to the national elections (Mara, 2016).
Voter apathy has been a persistent issue among eligible voters inAmerica. The government is blamed because of placing the burden ofregistration on the citizens. Despite their efforts to fill theirapplications, errors have been witnessed on the Election Daypreventing them from voting which makes them lack concern in future(Mara, 2016). Besides, when the citizens believe their vote shall nothave any significant change in the government, they tend to engageembrace apathy.
Mara, W. (2016). Voting. Ann Arbor: Cherry Lake Publishing.