Warsagainst Native American in the Early Colonial Period
Warsagainst Native American in the Early Colonial Period
NativeAmerican had to engage in numerous wars and conquest from outsidersto safeguard their interest more so in the colonial periods. It wasparticularly important with the aim of protecting their territoriesfrom external pressures that wanted to impose control on them andtake advantage of available resources. In a bid to resist them, themilitary encountered various challenges from bureaucratic problems tolack of proper coordination, which more often than not resulted infailures and their defeat (Hamilton,2016, 148)1.
Inthe colonial periods, foreigners flocked to the new state primarilywith a goal of obtaining a share of the numerous resources available.A more obvious case is of the Europeans who traveled in search ofgold or start a new life in another territory. Consequently, on theirarrival and settlement, this didn`t anchor well with the natives.Desperate to protect their livelihoods and land, the Native Americansprecisely Indians resulted to waging war on the intruders. To theirshock, they were defeated and colonized.
Puttingthis into perspective, the military, to begin with, committed seriousmistakes that lead to their ultimate defeat. On their encounter withforeigners, the natives quickly resulted in fights with a goal ofprotecting their interest. Instead of at least studying the newpeople`s ways to establish their motives and later on decide on thecause of action, they quickly engaged in wars with each and everyenemy hence the shocking defeat which they encountered.
Onthe same subject, the structuring of the wars was not proper withregards, to the hierarchical structures put in place and strategiesemployed. The fundamental military mistakes cost them dearly anexample in the war with Europeans which lead to them being wiped outin infinite numbers and imposition of the foreigner`s rule. Itdepicts a pattern that was consistently employed by the Americanmilitary in the colonial periods. It’s similar to attacks carriedout on Spain and France which were uncoordinated resulting to defeat.
Afterthe 1812 war, it depicts some of the problems the army faced withregards to the peace duration. After the native army had beendefeated by the British, they resulted in putting in place measuresto improve the situation. The system of the organization comprised ofbureaus that were to manage the wars effectively. This changehowever, never posed well with senior officials who viewed the newlyappointed officers as a threat. It culminated to internal wranglesfrom the senior management who aimed at ensuring the status quoprevailed. It gave a huge blow to the institution in trying to reformit and bring about new blood that would guarantee success in theevent of another war occurrence. Moreover, the Congress had tointervene to bring back trust and ensure the military uniformoperation (McNulty2002, n.p)2.
Onthe war subject, the management and source of funding of the warproved to be another challenge to restore sanity in the system. Themilitary operations obtained money from private lending facilitiesmore so in Europe. It caused massive deficits that affected theeconomy. On seeing the effects that the war posed to the economy,widespread disgruntlement began rising from different sectors whochallenged that. It resulted to Congress intervening to save thesituation since the outcry was much and people needed an instantsolution the problem.
Wageshad to come down, and taxes rose to obtain funds to pay off the debtthat was accruing at a high rate. Referencing the revolution war, ithad lost popular support and belief since it had resulted in a crisisin America. Congress was bankrupt, and the armies were not able to beremunerated thereby leading to a low opinion count that needed urgentaction to combat. These mistakes caused numerous defeats on the partof the natives whose army had many problems.
Furthermore,the native army was composed of citizens who were from hostiletribes. The army of the natives never had the realization thatsophistication of the fighters and remunerating them could improvetheir morale with regards to the war. The local army lost toforeigners who had better, and well-equipped soldiers paid well andadequately trained to achieve the best. It is in comparison forexample, to the Britain`s in the revolutionary war that was welladvanced in all areas of warfare. These numerous inefficiencies onthe part of the native army lead to organizational and managementadequacies that dealt a huge blow with them and resulted inconsequent defeats and challenges (Round2006, 147)3.
Concluding,the American military has had numerous problems and difficulties fromback in the days that seem to be a cycle. Bureaucratic, managementissues among other inefficacies seem to hamper efficient and fruitfuldelivery of services that appear to undermine the operations of theinstitution. It leads to problems that seem to impact on each andevery sector generally from high taxations to service the debts andCongress intervention to save different situations.
Hamilton,Geoff. 2016. "Red Ink: Native Americans Picking Up The Pen InThe Colonial Period By Drew Lopenzina". AmericanStudies55 (1): 147-148. doi:10.1353/ams.2016.0051.
McNulty,Rebecca. 2002. "Spirit Wars: Native North American Religions InThe Age Of Nation Building (Review)". JournalOf Colonialism And Colonial History3 (1). doi:10.1353/cch.2002.0022.
Round,Phillip H. 2006. "The Poor Indians: British Missionaries, NativeAmericans, And Colonial Sensibility (Review)". EarlyAmerican Literature41 (1): 145-148. doi:10.1353/eal.2006.0007.
1 Hamilton, Geoff. 2016. "Red Ink: Native Americans Picking Up The Pen In The Colonial Period By Drew Lopenzina". American Studies 55 (1): 147-148. doi:10.1353/ams.2016.0051.
2 McNulty, Rebecca. 2002. "Spirit Wars: Native North American Religions In The Age Of Nation Building (Review)". Journal Of Colonialism And Colonial History 3 (1). doi:10.1353/cch.2002.0022.
3 Round, Phillip H. 2006. "The Poor Indians: British Missionaries, Native Americans, And Colonial Sensibility (Review)". Early American Literature 41 (1): 145-148. doi:10.1353/eal.2006.0007.