Windshield survey

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Windshieldsurvey of Minneapolis


Minneapolisis an urban place in the American state of Minnesota. This windshieldsurvey was conducted to assess the conditions facing the vulnerablepopulation in this region. According to Shemirani &amp Hodjati(2013), the city is a cosmopolitan area with a mixture of differentindividuals from various ethnicities. There are excellent housingfacilities which appear to be durable and with distinct architecturaldesigns (Bailey, 2010).


Boththe public and commercial houses were adequately designed, and manyhave elevators which make them accessible to anyone including thedisabled persons. All the buildings have fulfilled the currentarchitectural requirements which include the safety requirements suchas emergency rooms, equipment, and exits (Like, 2011).

Parksand public places

Thegeneral appearance of the city is attractive with beautiful openspaces where various individuals going about their daily routines canrest. There are many recreational facilities within the city such asswimming pools, hotels, and lounges which offer an adequate platformfor the individuals to interact and beat boredom.

Cultureand Entertainment

Thecity has many cultural exhibitions such as the Minneapolis Instituteof Art, several museums, and theaters that effectively display theunique cultural heritage (Shemirani &amp Hodjati, 2013). Variousinformation resource centers are readily available with adequateinformation about different aspects of the city. The city has anattractive landscape with many flowers and plants decorating thestreets and the sidewalks which are neat and well maintained(Fukuzawa, 2013). The residents are social people, and they wereinteracting both in the buildings and the streets (Bailey, 2010).Often one could spot a group or couple of individuals having a heartytalk as they walk along the streets and the buildings.


InMinneapolis, the nights are identical to daytime as all the majorways and sidewalks are adequately lit giving an impression ofsecurity even when walking alone at night (Deguzman &amp Kulbok,2012). The addition of safety patrols assists in deterring theoccurrence of crime which further enhances the security conditions ofthe area.

Businessand industry

Thecity operates many kinds of activities ranging from small businessesto large manufacturing sectors (Johnson, 2013). The primary languageused in this region is English which the official and businesslanguage is also. The processing industry is the main economic baseof Minneapolis where the main products are machinery, food products,electronics and medical commodities (Shemirani &amp Hodjati, 2013).There are well-developed transportation networks that adequatelyserve the residents.

Trafficand transport

Thereis a well-developed transportation infrastructure in Minneapolis,which consists of road transport, light rail, and bike routes toreduce traffic congestion. These transport modes are readilyavailable to all the residents, while the use of mass transit andcarpooling are the leading practices in the commercial transportationsectors.


Manycommunity welfare centers are operating within Minneapolis to providespecific services to the needy society members. There exist severalhomes for the sick and the elderly, which serve the needy segments ofthe society.


Minneapolisis primarily a Christian religious town with numerous spiritualcenters such as the Lake Harriet Spiritual Community.


InMinneapolis, there are various health institutions notably among themthe Fairview Health Services that provide medical services to theresidents (Shemirani &amp Hodjati, 2013). However, the vulnerablegroups find it hard to access the medical services due to somefactors such as the inability to afford the services (Fukuzawa,2013). Some of the groups such as the disabled and the have-notsAfrican-Americans do not have enough finances to assist them toacquire the necessary medical facilities (Deguzman &amp Kulbok,2012).


Minneapolishas many learning centers ranging from primary to tertiaryinstitutions which readily equip the citizens with knowledge. Some ofthe notable schools include the Harrison Education Center.


Thevulnerable groups in this region face many health complications suchas cancer which is the leading killer in the area, diabetes, heartdiseases, and stroke (SÃ et al., 2012). These health complicationshave played a significant role in causing high death rates amongthese individuals and resulting to low life expectancy levels.Minneapolis has a high degree of adult literacy and low levels ofunemployment. According to Shemirani &amp Hodjati (2013), there areracial disparities in the acquisition of educations, where only about15% of the African Americans have attained a bachelor’s degree incontrast with about 42% of the European Americans. About 21.5% of theresidents live below the poverty line which makes it hard to affordthe highly priced life of the city. The total number of blackindividuals in Minneapolis is about 18.6% of the total populationwhich qualifies them as a minority group (Denton &amp Spencer,2010).

Impressionof the community

Variousintervention mechanisms to aid the vulnerable populations in theirlife have been initiated such as the health insurance policies. Theseplans assist the individuals to access quality health care when theyare either financially fit or not, and they can always afford to seethe physicians for medical checkups (Dilworth Pierre &amp Hilliard,2012). Many people dismiss the symptoms of illnesses because thedisease may not be terminal and they cannot afford to see a doctor.Hence the health status of these vulnerable groups keeps ondeteriorating and often leading to death. It is important to assistthe vulnerable groups to eliminate illiteracy, by providing knowledgeand skills to counter life problems adequately.


Minneapolishas many economic resources that can be used to raise finances thatwould assist to alleviate the predicaments of the vulnerable groupsin the society (Shemirani &amp Hodjati, 2013). Such resources aredirected to the health sectors and are used to subsidize the cost ofhealthcare among the vulnerable groups as well as fully funding theirmedical expenses (Like, 2011).


Thegreatest challenge facing this city is the number of individualsliving below the poverty line (21.5%) which indicates a high-incomedisparity in the city (Fredriksen et al., 2013).


Thereis a significant variation between the levels of academic scalingbetween the black and the white population. However, the city has lowlevels of unemployment.

Outstandingaspects of the community

TheMinneapolis community has excelled in minimizing the levels ofunemployment, which means that the citizens would be able to work andearn a living as well as afford the essential services.

Useof the information

Thisstudy can raise the awareness among the residents about thevariations in the life condition of different ethnic groups (Johnson,2013). It would help to transform the mentality of the vulnerablegroups so that they can increase their efforts to attain a betterlife. The authorities can use this also data to efficiently devisepolicies that would assist the vulnerable groups to raise theirliving standards (Siegel, 2013).


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Dilworth-Anderson,P., Pierre, G., &amp Hilliard, T. S. (2012). Social justice, healthdisparities, and culture in the care of the elderly. Journal of Law,Medicine &amp Ethics, 40(1), 26–32.Fredriksen-Goldsen,K. I., Hyun-Jun, K., Barkan, S. E., Muraco, A., &amp Hoy-Ellis, C.P. (2013). Health disparities among lesbian, gay, and bisexual olderadults: Results from a population-based study. American Journal ofPublic Health, 103(10), 1802–1809.

Fukuzawa,D. D. (2013). Achieving healthy communities throughcommunity-centered health systems. National Civic Review, 102(4),57–60.

Johnson,K. S. (2013). Racial and ethnic disparities in palliative care.Journal of Palliative Medicine, 16(11), 1329–1334.

Like,R. C. (2011). Educating clinicians about cultural competence anddisparities in health and health care. Journal of ContinuingEducation in the Health Professions, 31(3), 196–206.Sørensen,K., Van den Broucke, S., Fullam, J., Doyle, G., Pelikan, J., Slonska,Z., &amp Brand, H. (2012). Health literacy and public health: Asystematic review and integration of definitions and models. BMCPublic Health, 12(1), 80–92.

Shemirani,S. M. M., &amp Hodjati, V. (2013). Comparative evaluation ofprinciples of urban design and sustainable development.&nbspAdvancesin Environmental Biology,288-301.

Siegel,B. (2013). REAL data collection essential for care of vulnerablepopulations. Journal of Healthcare Management, 58(6), 392–394.

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